Sweden Energy Information
Sweden Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 4.80 %/year
Energy independence: 77.3%
Data of the last year available: 2021
CO2 Emissions: 3.15 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.62%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Sweden energy report
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Sweden Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
In 2021, total energy consumption per capita was 4.4 toe (around 50% above the EU average). At around 12 500 kWh, the country's electricity consumption per capita is the second highest in the EU (2.2 times higher than the EU average).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
In 2021, total consumption increased by 4%, after a 9% decrease in 2020. It increased before quite rapidly over 2015-2019 (4%/year).
Interactive Chart Sweden Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Sweden does not produce oil. In 2021, Sweden imported around 19 Mt of crude oil, mainly from Norway (65%).
The country has a refining capacity of 440 kb/d distributed over five refineries and is a net exporter of refined products (around 8.8 Mt in 2021). Sweden has a total oil storage capacity of 95 kb distributed over about 30 storage facilities across the country (of which around 73 kb for refined oil products and 22 kb for crude oil).
Interactive Chart Sweden Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
The consumption of oil products has declined by 54% since 2002 (-14% in 2020 and a further -7% in 2021)
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Transport accounted for 61% of oil consumption in 2021 and industry for 32% (including non-energy uses), while the share of the residential-services-agriculture sector stood at 6%.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021 %)
Interactive Chart Sweden Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Since 2014, natural gas consumption increased by 10%/year to 1.4 bcm in 2020 and remained stable in 2021. Previously, it declined by more than 40% between 2010 (1.6 bcm) and 2014 (0.9 bcm).
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
In 2021, industry absorbed 53% of the natural gas consumption (up from 31% in 2010). It is followed by buildings (residential, services, and agriculture) with 8% and power plants at 7% (down from 50% in 2010).
Interactive Chart Sweden Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption declined by more than 55% between 2010 and 2021 to 2.1 Mt.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (MT)
Industry (mainly steel) accounted for 80% of the consumption in 2021, while the power sector represented 8% (2021).
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)
Interactive Chart Sweden Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption increased by 3% in 2021 to 131 TWh, after a 1% decline in 2020. It remained relatively stable prior to that.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Industry consumption represents 37% of total electricity consumption; the remainder is divided between households (34%) and services (23%) (2021).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
STEM is also in charge of implementing the renewable energy policy and is the accounting authority for certificates and guarantees of origin since 2015.
The national target of a share of 49% of renewables in final consumption in 2020 was achieved in 2012 and exceeded by 11 points in 2020 (60%, of which 75% for electricity, 32% in transport, and 66% for heat). The country is expected to reach a share of 60% of renewables in final consumption by 2027 and 65% by 2030, according to its indicative trajectory. This target is included in the country's NECP.
Interactive Chart Sweden Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
Total GHG emissions with international transport (EEA) reached 55.5 MtCO2eq in 2020 (-8% from 2019).
The country's GHG emissions have decreased on average by 1%/year since 1996, when they reached a peak of 82MtCO2eq. GHG emissions are 26% lower than in 1990.
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