Senegal Energy Information
Senegal Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 6.07 %/year
Energy independence: 42.0%
Data of the last year available: 2021
CO2 Emissions: 0.48 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 11.9%
* at purchasing power parity
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Senegal Related News
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Senegal Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Per capita energy consumption is 0.31 toe, including approximately 286 kWh of electricity (2021). The population increased by 2.8% in 2021, following the same annual trend as in the last decade.
Total primary energy consumption is growing rapidly (+2.7%/year, on average, since 2010) and reached 5.3 Mtoe in 2021, more than twice its 2000 level.
In 2021, oil covered 48% of the country's energy needs, biomass (mainly wood) 40%, and coal 10%.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Senegal Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Nowadays, there is no oil production. Supplies are covered by imports of either crude oil or refined products. In 2021, Senegal imported 1 Mt of crude oil and 1.7 Mt of oil products.
Senegal has one refinery in M'Bao near Dakar with a capacity of 25 kb/d. Built in 1963, it does not have secondary conversion units. Consequently, its production is limited both by the crude range and by the variety of the distillates produced.
Interactive Chart Senegal Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
ANER, the National Agency for Renewable Energy, was created in 2013 to promote renewables.
Senegal's National Renewable Energy Action Plan (PANER, 2015) aims to raise the share of renewables (including hydropower) in the grid-connected capacity to nearly 32% in 2030 (over 630 MW). In 2021, renewable capacities accounted for 30% of the total capacity (496 MW). Since 2020, some renewable energy equipment (solar panel systems, solar pumping kits, biogas stoves, etc.) are exempted from VAT in order to accelerate renewable development and rural electrification.
Interactive Chart Senegal Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In its NDC (2020), the country committed to reduce GHG emissions by 5% by 2025 and by 7% by 2030 compared to BAU levels (unconditional target); its conditional reduction targets are set at 23.7% by 2025 and 29.5% by 2030. The actual reduction will depend on the availability of international support for financing, capacity building, and technology transfer.
CO2 emissions from energy combustion are increasing rapidly (+4.7%/year between 2000 and 2019) and reached a peak of 9.7 Mt in 2019, before the COVID-19 crisis led to a 18% reduction. Emissions increased by 5% in 2021 to 8.3 Mt.
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