Senegal Energy Information
Senegal Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -0.7 %/year
Energy independence: 38.0%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 0.47 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 13.1%
* at purchasing power parity
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Senegal Related News
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Senegal Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Per capita energy consumption is 0.27 toe (-5.8% compared to 2019), including approximately 276 kWh of electricity (2020). The population increased by 2.8% in 2020, following the same annual trend as in the last decade.
Total primary energy consumption is growing rapidly (+3.7%/year, on average, since 2000) and reached 4.7 Mtoe in 2019, nearly twice its 2000 level. Primary consumption dropped by 3.2% in 2020 to 4.6 Mtoe due to the COVID-19 crisis.
In 2020, oil covered 55% of the country's energy needs, biomass (mainly wood) 36%, and coal 7%.
Interactive Chart Senegal Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Nowadays, there is no oil production. Supplies are covered by imports of either crude oil or refined products. In 2020, Senegal imported 0.9 Mt of crude oil and 2.1 Mt of oil products.
Senegal has one refinery in M'Bao near Dakar with a capacity of 25 000 bbl/d. Built in 1963, it does not have secondary conversion units. Consequently, its production is limited both by the crude range and by the variety of the distillates produced.
Interactive Chart Senegal Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
ANER, the National Agency for Renewable Energy, was created in 2013 to promote renewables.
Senegal's National Renewable Energy Action Plan (2015) aims to raise the share of renewables (including hydropower) in the grid-connected capacity to nearly 32% in 2030 (over 630 MW). In 2020, renewable capacities accounted for 19% of the total capacity (280 MW). Since August 2020, some renewable energy equipment (solar panel systems, solar pumping kits, biogas stoves, etc.) are exempted from VAT in order to accelerate renewable development and rural electrification.
Interactive Chart Senegal Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In 2020, the country presented its first NDC (Nationally Determined Contribution) as part of the Plan Sénégal Emergent (PSE, 2012), which was built on the basis of its previous INDC (2015). Senegal commits to reduce GHG emissions by 5% by 2025 and by 7% by 2030 compared to BAU levels (unconditional target); its conditional reduction targets are set at 23.7% by 2025 and 29.5% by 2030. The actual reduction will depend on the availability of international support for financing, capacity building, and technology transfer.
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