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Senegal energy report

Senegal energy report
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Senegal energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • Senegal revised its electricity code in 2021. The government aims at ensuring universal access to electricity by 2025 and pursues its objective of 32% of renewables in the grid-connected power capacity by 2030.
  • Senelec is the main power producer with 43% of the capacity. It owns the transport network and most of the distribution network.
  • International oil companies are active in the upstream oil sector, while Total dominates the retail oil market.
  • The country recently discovered significant offshore oil and gas resources.
  • Most of the power capacity is covered by oil (56% in 2021), but wind and solar capacities are increasing rapidly.
  • Fuel prices are among the highest in Western Africa.
  • Senelec increased prices in 2020 to reflect cuts in oil subsidies that raised production costs.
  • Electricity consumption is growing rapidly (6%/year since 2007).
  • Oil supplies around 50% of the total energy consumption and biomass over 40%.
  • The country plans to convert its coal and oil-fired plants to gas as gas production should start in 2023. It is developing interconnections with Mali, particularly through hydropower projects in partnership with OMSV and OMVG.


electrification rate in 2020


of oil-fired power capacity in 2021


of renewables in grid-connected capacity in 2030

  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Petroleum and Energy prepares and implements the country's energy policy and supervises the public energy companies.

    The Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development looks after environmental issues. The Ministry of Finance and Budget plays an important part in the financing of investments and energy prices.

  • Energy Supply


    Nowadays, there is no oil production. Supplies are covered by imports of either crude oil or refined products. In 2021, Senegal imported 1 Mt of crude oil and 1.7 Mt of oil products.

  • Energy Prices


    Electricity prices are regulated by the CRSE. It sets the tariffs according to the principle of a price ceiling. Electricity prices are subsidised and Senelec receives compensation from the government.

  • Energy Consumption

    Per capita energy consumption is 0.31 toe, including approximately 286 kWh of electricity (2021). The population increased by 2.8% in 2021, following the same annual trend as in the last decade.

    Total primary energy consumption is growing rapidly (+2.7%/year, on average, since 2010) and reached 5.3 Mtoe in 2021, more than twice its 2000 level.

  • Issues & Prospects


    The Government wants to improve energy security by diversifying its power mix and by enhancing regional interconnection opportunities. Senegal also aims to reduce electricity prices and to improve production capacities. The Plan Yessal implemented by SENELEC aims to improve the electricity network to reduce losses and shortcuts.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2021 %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2021, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

The Senegal energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Senegal country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Senegal Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Senegal energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).