Saudi Arabia Energy Information
Saudi Arabia Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 3.24 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2021
CO2 Emissions: 15.1 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 9.49%
* at purchasing power parity
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Saudi Arabia Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Consumption per capita is very high, reaching 6.6 toe in 2021, including about 9.2 MWh of electricity.
Total energy consumption has stopped growing since 2015 and decreased slowly (1.4%/year) to around 232 Mtoe in 2021. Before 2015, it had increased rapidly (4%/year over 2010-2015), driven by high sustained economic growth combined with low energy prices.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Saudi Arabia Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Production has decreased by 11% since 2018 (-5% in 2019, -6% in 2020 and, -1% for 2021). It had increased before by 24% between 2010 and 2018 (+34% since 2000). Total oil production reached 510 Mt in 2020 (12% of the global production). Crude oil represents 90%, while the rest is made up of NGLs. In 2021, Saudi Arabia was the world's third largest producer, behind the US and close to Russia.
Interactive Chart Saudi Arabia Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
A Supreme Committee for Energy Mix Affairs, for Electricity Production and Enabling Renewable Energy was established in 2020, a to oversee renewable energy projects.
REPDO, the Renewable Energy Projects Development Office under the Mistry of Energy, oversees the National Renewable Energy Program and regularly calls for bids.
The Saudi Green initiative launched in 2021 set a target of 50% renewables in the power capacity mix in 2030.
Interactive Chart Saudi Arabia Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In its updated NDC (2021), Saudi Arabia set the objective of reducing GHG emissions by 278 MtCO2eq by 2030 compared to 2019 levels (646 MtCO2eq); this doubles the previous target of 130 MtCO2eq reduction by 2030. The NDC also pledged to reach net-zero emissions of greenhouse gas by 2060.
In addition to the target of 50% renewable in the capacity production by 2030, Saudi Arabia wants to develop green hydrogen production, carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS), and to reduce global methane emissions in 2030 by 30% compared to 2020 levels.
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