Russia Energy Information
Russia Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 4.70 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2021
CO2 Emissions: 12.5 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 9.61%
* at purchasing power parity
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Russia Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Total per capita consumption reached 5.6 toe in 2021. Per capita electricity consumption was around 6 689 kWh.
Total energy consumption rebounded by about 9% in 2021 after dropping by 4% in 2020. It increased rapidly between 2015 and 2019 (2.8%/year).
In 2021, gas represented the largest share of consumption (57%), followed by oil (19%), coal (14%), nuclear (7%), hydro (2%), and biomass (1%).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Russia Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production rebounded by about 2% in 2021, to 523 Mt, after dropping by around 9% in 2020 and increasing by 1.3%/year between 2014 and 2019. Russia was the world's second largest crude oil producer in 2021, after the USA and at the same level as Saudi Arabia.
Interactive Chart Russia Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil consumption rebounded by 5% to 151 Mt in 2021 after dropping by around 4% in 2020. It remained roughly stable between 2012 and 2019 at about 150 Mtoe.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Transport is the largest oil consuming sector with 42% of total oil products, ahead of industry (30%, including non-energy uses), the hydrocarbon sector (14%), and the residential-services-agriculture sector (11%).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)
Interactive Chart Russia Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas consumption rebounded by about 15% in 2021 to 565 bcm after dropping by around 3% in 2020. It grew by around 5%/year between 2016 and 2019.
Gas is mainly consumed in the electricity sector (36%). Industry represents 26% and the residential-services sector 18%.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)
Interactive Chart Russia Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal and lignite consumption increased by about 2% in 2021, to 214 Mt, after dropping by almost 11% in 2020. It increased by 3.4%/year between 2014 and 2019.
Around half of the coal and lignite is consumed in power plants (53% in 2021).
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)
Interactive Chart Russia Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Total electricity consumption rebounded by about 6% in 2021 to 963 TWh after a 2.4% decrease in 2020. It increased slightly between 2010 and 2019 (1%/year).
Industry is the main electricity consumer with 35% of the total (-10 points since 2000), ahead of the residential sector with 18% (20% in 2000) and services with 16% (nearly doubling since 2000). Transport accounts for 6% of total electricity consumption, i.e. a significant share compared to other countries, due to the strong presence of public transport.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The Government target for 2020 of a 2.5% share of wind and solar in the power mix (State Programme on Energy Efficiency and Energy Development, 2014) has not been reached (0.3% in 2020). In June 2021, the authorities plan to award RUB360bn (US$4.9bn) of state support for renewables projects through 2035. The country aims to add 12 GW of renewables capacity by 2035.
Interactive Chart Russia Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
Russia ratified the Paris agreement in 2019. Inits first NDC (2020), the country set the target to cut GHG emissions to 70% of their 1990 level (3.1 GtCO2eq) in 2030 (2.2 GtCO2eq, taking into account the maximum possible absorptive capacity of forests). Since Russia's GHG emissions (including forests) have nearly halved since 1990, reaching 1.54 GtCO2eq in 2020, this target would allow the country to significantly increase GHG emissions by 2030.
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