Russia Energy Information
Russia Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -3.6 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 11.2 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 10.0%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy Consumption
Total per capita consumption reached 5.1 toe in 2020. Per capita electricity consumption was around 6 250 kWh.
Total energy consumption has been increasing rapidly between 2015 and 2019 (2.6%/year) and dropped by 5% in 2020, back to 2018 levels.
In 2020, gas represented the largest share of consumption (54%), followed by oil (20%), coal (15%), nuclear (8%), hydro (2%), and biomass (1%).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Russia Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production has been increasing by 1.4%/year since 2004, from 456 Mt to 561 Mt in 2019. Production dropped to 512 Mt in 2020 (-8.6%). Russia is the world's third largest crude oil producer, after the USA and Saudi Arabia.
Interactive Chart Russia Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil consumption has remained roughly stable between 2012 and 2019 at about 150 Mtoe and dropped by around 7% in 2020 to 140 Mt.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Transport is the largest oil consuming sector with 39 %of total oil products (44% in 2019), ahead of industry (32%, including non-energy uses), the hydrocarbon sector and the residential-tertiary-agriculture sector (13% each).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Russia Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas consumption has soared by 12.8%/year between 2017 and 2019 and dropped by around 3% to 485 bcm in 2020.
Gas is mainly consumed in the electricity sector (38%). Industry represents 23% and the residential-services sector 18%.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Russia Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal and lignite consumption has been increasing by 2.8%/year between 2014 and 2019 and dropped by 10% in 2020, to 205 Mt. Most of the coal and lignite is consumed in power plants (55% in 2020).
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Russia Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Total electricity consumption has increased slightly between 2010 and 2019 (0.9%/year) and decreased by 2.5% to 906 TWh in 2020.
Industry is the main electricity consumer with 37% of the total (-9 points since 2000), ahead of the residential sector with 19% (20% in 2000) and services with 16% (doubling since 2000). Transport accounts for 6% of total electricity consumption, i.e. a significant share compared to other countries, due to the strong presence of public transport.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The Government target for a 2.5% share of wind and solar in electricity generation by 2020 (State Programme on Energy Efficiency and Energy Development,2014) has not be reached (0.3% in 2020). In June 2021, the authorities plan to award RUB360bn (US$4.9bn) of state support for renewables projects through 2035. The country aims to add 12 GW of renewables capacity by 2035.
Interactive Chart Russia Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
Russia ratified the Paris agreement in 2019. In its first NDC (November 2020), the country aims to cut GHG emissions to 30% of their 1990 level (3.1 GtCO2eq) in 2030. The same month, the president signed a decree ordering the government to work to raise this cut to 70%, taking into account the maximum possible absorptive capacity of forests. Since Russia's GHG emissions (including forests) have nearly halved since 1990, reaching 1.54 GtCO2eq in 2020, this decree would allow the country to significantly increase GHG emissions by 2030.
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