Russia Energy Information
2019 Russia Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 1.34 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
* at purchasing power parity
CO2 Emissions: 12.1 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 10.4%
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Total Energy Consumption
Total per capita consumption reached 5.4 toe in 2019. Per capita electricity consumption was around 6 363 kWh.
Total energy consumption has been increasing rapidly since 2015, by almost 3.1%/year, to 783 Mtoe in 2019. Previously, it had decreased slightly between 2012 and 2015 (-1%/year) due to an economic slowdown and a recession in 2015.
In 2019, gas represented the largest share of consumption (54%), followed by oil (20%), coal (15%), nuclear (7%), hydro (2%) and biomass (1%).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Russia Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production has been increasing by 1.4%/year since 2004, from 456 Mt to 560 Mt in 2019. In 2019, Russia was the world's second largest crude oil producer, after the USA and ahead of Saudi Arabia.
Interactive Chart Russia Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil product consumption has been increasing regularly since 2004 (2.2%/year), reaching 139 Mt in 2019. Transport is the largest consuming sector with 42% of total oil products, ahead of industry (including non-energy uses) (32%) and the residential-tertiary-agriculture sector (12%).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Russia Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas consumption has soared by 12.8%/year since 2017, reaching 501 bcm in 2019.
Gas is mainly consumed in the electricity sector (37%). Industry represents 20% and the residential-services sector 15%.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Russia Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal and lignite consumption has been increasing by 2.5%/year since 2014 to 225 Mt in 2019. Most of the coal and lignite is consumed in power plants (59% in 2019).
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Russia Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Total electricity consumption has increased slightly since 2010 (0.9%/year), reaching 922 TWh in 2019.
Industry is the main electricity consumer with 38% of the total (- 8 points since 2000), ahead of the residential sector with 19% (20% in 2000) and services with 18% (doubling since 2000). Transport accounts for 6% of total electricity consumption, i.e. a significant share compared to other countries, due to the strong presence of public transport.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
In 2014, the Government set a target of a 2.5% share of wind and solar in electricity generation by 2020 (State Programme on Energy Efficiency and Energy Development). This target will not be reached, with only 1.2 GW of total renewable (solar, wind, geothermal) capacity in 2019 and around 1.5 GW currently planned or under construction.
Interactive Chart Russia Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In 2015, Russia submitted to the UNFCCC its 2030 INDC, which aims to limit GHG emissions to 70-75% of 1990 levels by the year 2030 (presidential decree N°752). Russia ratified the Paris agreement in September 2019. Considering the fall in emissions observed in the 1990s and the role played by forestry, this target does not seem ambitious, since it could just lead to a stabilisation or even an increase in emissions out to 2030.
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