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Russia energy report

Russia energy report
Update
Format
4 files (PDF report, 3 Excel files)
Pages
50 (Report only)
Delivery
Immediate by e-mail
Table of Contents
  • GENERAL OVERVIEW
  • INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY
  • ENERGY COMPANIES
  • ENERGY SUPPLY
  • ENERGY PRICES
  • ENERGY CONSUMPTION
  • ISSUES AND PROSPECTS
  • DATA TABLES
  • ABBREVIATIONS
  • GLOSSARY

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Overview

This analysis includes a comprehensive Russia energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Highlights

  • Due to international sanctions, oil and gas revenues dropped by about a quarter in 2023.
  • Russia aims to add 12 GW of renewables capacity and export between 2 to 7 Mt/year of hydrogen by 2035.
  • Rushydro, Gazprom, and Inter Rao together own around 50% of the total power capacity.
  • Gazprom dominates gas production with around 60% of the total.
  • Rosneft is the main oil producer, with around half of total production.
  • Western energy companies are leaving the country.
  • Gas exports have dropped by 55% since 2021 due to EU restrictions.
  • Russia will cut its oil production by 0.5 mb/d (4%) until the end of 2024.
  • Gas prices for households increased by almost 30% since 2021.
  • Natural gas price for industries fell by 14% in 2023, after spiking by 35% in 2022.
  • Over half of total energy consumption is supplied by gas (54% in 2023).
  • Over half of the coal is consumed in the power sector.
  • Power production should grow by 1.4%/year, reaching 1 400 TWh in 2035.
  • Twelve nuclear reactors totalling 16.5 GW are expected by 2030, of which two in 2024.
  • LNG production is slated to grow by 11%/year by 2035 to 140 Mt.
90%
share of fossil fuels in total energy consumption
+12 GW
of renewables in 2035
-36%
gas exports in 2023 due to European sanctions
  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Energy is responsible for developing and implementing the country's energy policy.

  • Energy Companies

    Oil:

    Rosneft (Federal Government 40.4%, BP 19.75%, QH Oil Investment 18.46%) is the largest oil company, with a crude oil and condensate production of nearly 194 Mt in 2023, accounting for 36% of total oil production. In 2018, QH Oil Investment acquired 19% of Rosneft for US$4.25bn. In 2022, BP announced that it will exit its shareholding but still held its stake as of May 2024.

  • Energy Supply

    Resources:

    Russia owns large energy resources. Natural gas reserves are estimated at 47 152 bcm (end of 2023), i.e. 23% of proven world reserves. Oil reserves (14.8 Gt as of 2023) represent about 6% of world reserves.

  • Energy Prices

    Electricity:

    The State controls electricity prices for residential consumers only. In 2023, the average price for households was US$4.5c/kWh (-10%), while the price for industrial consumers is US$3.8c/kWh (-19%). They experienced a significant increase in 2022 (+14% and +20.5% respectively).

  • Energy Consumption

    Total per capita consumption reached 6 toe in 2023. Per capita electricity consumption was around 6 961 kWh.

    Total energy consumption increased by 2% in 2023 to 853 Mtoe, after a slight decrease in 2022 (-1.2%). Previously, it increased rapidly between 2015 and 2019 (2.8%/year) before dropping by 4% in 2020 and rebounding by 9% in 2021.

  • Issues & Prospects

    Electricity:

    According to Russia's "Energy Strategy for 2035", power production should reach around 1 400 TWh in 2035.

    The Ministry of Energy estimated in 2019 that modernising power infrastructures should cost at least RUB 250bn (US$3.9bn) through 2024, including an addition of 6 000 km of new transmission lines and more than 3 500 MVA of transformer capacity.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2023, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2023, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2023, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2023, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2023, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2023, %)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2023, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2023, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

The Russia energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Russia country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Russia Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Russia energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Russia country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.