Russia energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Russia energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Russia energy report
December 2020
4 files (PDF report, 3 Excel files)
50 (Report only)

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  • The government adopted its new energy strategy until 2035 in June 2020. It targets a 50% reduction in energy intensity between 2010 and 2035.
  • Gazprom and Rosneft dominate gas and oil production with 68% and 40%, respectively, of total production.
  • Rosseti is the main power transmission and distribution company.
  • Gas production has increased by 18% since 2015.
  • Electricity generation is dominated by natural gas (46%).
  • Russia is the third largest crude oil producer in the world, after the United States and Saudi Arabia.
  • Oil product prices are more than 50% lower than in the EU.
  • Gas prices for households are 10 times below the EU average.
  • Gas supplies slightly above half of the energy consumed.
  • Total energy consumption has been increasing rapidly since 2015, despite the low economic growth.
  • Investments in the energy sector are strongly impacted by international sanctions and by the Covid-19 crisis.
  • LNG production is slated to grow to over 160 Mt/year in 2035.


largest gas producer worldwide


of proven world gas reserves


share of carbon free sources in power mix


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Energy is responsible for developing and implementing the country's energy policy.

  • Energy Companies


    Rosneft (Federal Government 40.4%, BP 19.5%, QH Oil Investment 18.93%) is the largest oil company, accounting for around 41% of total oil production (2019). In 2018, QH Oil Investment completed the acquisition of an 18.93% stake in Rosneft for US$4.25bn. In 2017, Rosneft acquired a 49% stake in Essar Oil's (India) for approximately US$13bn.

  • Energy Supply


    Oil production has been increasing by 1.4%/year since 2004, from 456 Mt to 561 Mt in 2019. In 2019, Russia was the world's third largest crude oil producer, after the USA and Saudi Arabia.

  • Energy Prices


    The Government liberalised the price of oil products. Diesel and gasoline prices follow international oil prices: they increased slightly between 2016 and 2018 and stood at US$0.72/l and US$0.69/l in 2019. Oil product prices are more than 50% lower compared with the European Union.


  • Energy Consumption

    Total per capita consumption reached 5.3 toe in 2019. Per capita electricity consumption was around 6 400 kWh.

    Total energy consumption has been increasing rapidly since 2015, by 2.6%/year, to 768 Mtoe in 2019. Previously, it had decreased slightly between 2012 and 2015 (-1%/year) due to an economic slowdown and a recession in 2015.

  • Issues & Prospects

    Russia's strategy is evolving further in the direction of Asia and in particular China and India, in a context of EU sanctions linked to the Ukraine crisis.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Russia energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)

List of Tables

In the Russia energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Russia energy market data since 1990 and up to 2019 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Russia country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Russia Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Russia energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Russia country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


Projections Data (Excel Sheet)

The Russia country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.

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