Romania Energy Information
Romania Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -5.0 %/year
Energy independence: 69.6%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 3.32 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 12.3%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy Consumption
Energy consumption per capita is about 1.7 toe (2020), which is 44% below the EU average, and electricity consumption amounts to 2 500 kWh/cap (53% below the EU average).
Total energy consumption has decreased slightly since 2018 (-1.9%/year) to 32 Mtoe in 2020 (-2.2% in 2020). It had declined noticeably between 2006 and 2014 (-2.9%/year) before increasing slowly until 2018 (+1.5%/year).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Romania Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production has been declining since 2015 by 2.8%/year (of which 3.1% in 2020) to 3.6 Mt. It had been falling by almost 6%/year between 2002 and 2012 before stabilising at around 4 Mt until 2015.
Oil imports, which had doubled between 2000 and 2019 (12 Mt), decreased by 11% to 11 Mt in 2020, including 8 Mt of crude oil (-16%) and 2.9 Mt of oil products (+8%).
Interactive Chart Romania Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil product consumption, which increased by 1.9%/year between 2010 and 2019, declined slightly in 2020 (-1%) to 9.4 Mt. It had declined by 1.8%/year between 2000 and 2010.
Transport is the largest oil consuming sector, accounting for 62% of oil consumption in 2020 (up from 55% in 2010). Industry absorbs 23% of this consumption (including non-energy energy uses).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Romania Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas consumption, which remained broadly stable at around 11 bcm between 2015 and 2019 and increased by around 5% in 2020 to nearly 12 bcm, as gas-fired power generation surged (+26% in 2020) to offset the 20% fall in coal-fired generation. Gas demand fell by 2.7%/year between 2000 and 2015 due to declining demand from industry (-4%/year) and from the power sector (-2.3%/year).
Interactive Chart Romania Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Lignite and coal consumption, which had been growing by 3%/year between 2000 and 2008, fell by 4.8%/year on average until 2019 and collapsed in 2020 (-29%, as coal and lignite-fired power generation fell by 27%).
Since most of coal and lignite is consumed in power plants (92% in 2020), the commissioning of a new nuclear unit in 2007, growing wind power generation and lignite-fired capacity retirements have contributed to reducing lignite consumption.
Graph: LIGNITE CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Interactive Chart Romania Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption has been rising since 2000 (by around 1%/year on average, apart from 2009 and 2013, until 2018). It remained stable in 2019 and declined by 3.4% to 48 TWh in 2020.
Industry is the largest electricity consumer with 43% of total electricity consumption in 2020, followed by households with 29% and services with 16%.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020 %)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
According to its NECP, Romania aims to raise the share of renewables in final energy consumption to 30.7% in 2030, including 49.4% in electricity consumption, 33% in heating and cooling, and 14.2% in transport).
In 2019, the share of renewables in final energy consumption reached its 2020 target of 24%, of which 41.7% for electricity (target of 43%), 25.7% for heating (target of 22%), and 7.8% in transport (target of 10%).
Interactive Chart Romania Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
According to its NECP, Romania aims to cut its GHG emissions by around 44% in 2030 compared to 2005 (-43.9% for emissions under the ETS scheme and -2% for non-ETS emissions).
GHG emissions have more than halved since 1990, falling by 6%/year between 1990 and 2000 and declining by 1.1%/year between 2000 and 2019. In 2019, GHG emissions were 24% below their 2005 level at 114 MtCO2eq (57% below their 1990 level).
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