Romania Energy Information
Romania Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 5.88 %/year
Energy independence: 68.1%
Data of the last year available: 2021
CO2 Emissions: 3.60 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 11.4%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy Consumption
Energy consumption per capita is about 1.8 toe (2021), which is 36% below the EU average, and electricity consumption amounts to 2 620 kWh/cap (51% below the EU average).
Total energy consumption increased by 5% in 2021 reaching 34 Mtoe. It has decreased by 2%/year between 2018 and 2020 after a progression over 2014- 2018 (1.5%/year).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Romania Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production has been declining since 2014 by 2%/year (-4% in 2021) reaching 3.4 Mt (72 kb/d). It had been falling by almost 6%/year between 2002 and 2012 before stabilising at around 4 Mt until 2014.
Oil imports, which had doubled between 2000 and 2019 (12 Mt), decreased by 11% in 2020. In 2021 imports increased again (+4%) to 11.3 Mt.
Interactive Chart Romania Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil product consumption, which increased by 1.9%/year between 2010 and 2019, declined slightly in 2020 (-1%) and rose by 5% in 2021 to 10.3 Mt. It had declined by 1.8%/year between 2000 and 2010.
Transport is the largest oil consuming sector, accounting for 64% of oil consumption in 2021 (up from 55% in 2010). Industry absorbs 17% of this consumption (including non-energy energy uses).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)
Interactive Chart Romania Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas consumption, increased by 2.7%/year since 2019 to 11.6 bcm, following gas-fired power generation. It remained broadly stable at around 11 bcm between 2015 and 2019 and fell by 2.7%/year between 2000 and 2015 due to declining demand from industry (-4%/year) and from the power sector (-2.3%/year).
The power sector now accounts for 26% of gas demand (up from 22% in 2010), while industry accounts for 27% (down from 33% in 2010). In 2021, the residential and services sector accounted for 37% of gas demand (up from 30% in 2010).
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Interactive Chart Romania Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Lignite and coal consumption, which had been growing by 3%/year between 2000 and 2008, fell by 4.8%/year on average until 2019 and collapsed in 2020 (-29%, as coal and lignite-fired power generation fell by 27%). Consumption registered a 16% growth in 2021, to 20 Mt.
Since most of coal and lignite is consumed in power plants (90% in 2021), the commissioning of a new nuclear unit in 2007, growing wind power generation and lignite-fired capacity retirements have contributed to reducing lignite consumption.
Graph: LIGNITE CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Interactive Chart Romania Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption increased by 4% in 2021 to 50 TWh after a decrease by 3% in 2020; it has been rising between 2013 and 2019 (1.7%/year on average).
Industry is the largest electricity consumer with 42% of total electricity consumption in 2021, followed by households with 28% and services with 18%.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021 %)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
According to its NECP, Romania aims to raise the share of renewables in final energy consumption to 30.7% in 2030, including 49.4% in electricity consumption, 33% in heating and cooling, and 14.2% in transport.
The country met its 2020 target on renewables with a share of renewables in final energy consumption of 24.5% (target of 24%), of which 43.4% for electricity, 25.3% for heating, and 8.5% in transport.
Interactive Chart Romania Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
According to its NECP, Romania aims to cut its GHG emissions by around 44% in 2030 compared to 2005 (-43.9% for emissions under the ETS scheme and -2% for non-ETS emissions).
GHG emissions have more than halved since 1990, falling by 6%/year between 1990 and 2000 and declining by 1.1%/year between 2000 and 2019. In 2020, GHG emissions dropped by 10% to 77 MtCO2eq, i.e. 65% below 1990 levels and 33% below 2005 levels.
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