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Romania Energy Information

Romania Key Figures

Population: 19.4 million
GDP growth rate: 4.08 %/year
Energy independence: 74.3%

Data of the last year available: 2019
Total consumption/GDP:* 54.1 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 3.86 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 12.4%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the Romania energy report

Romania Related News

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Romania Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

Energy consumption per capita is about 1.7 toe (2019), which is 43% below the EU average, and electricity consumption amounts to 2 550 kWh/cap (54% below the EU average).

Total energy consumption has increased slightly since 2014 (+1.3%/year), reaching 34 Mtoe in 2019; it had declined sharply between 2006 and 2014 (-2.9%/year).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Interactive Chart Romania Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Romania energy report

Crude Oil Production

Oil production, which had been falling by almost 6%/year between 2002 and 2012 before stabilising at around 4 Mt until 2015, is declining again by 2.7%/year (3.7 Mt in 2019).

Oil imports have doubled since 2000, exceeding 12 Mt in 2019 (+3.7% in 2019 alone), including 9.7 Mt of crude oil and 2.5 Mt of oil products.

The refining capacity stands at around 250 000 bbl/d in 2019. The output of oil products, which fell by 34% between 2005 and 2012, has grown by 36% since then, reaching 13 Mt in 2019. Romania exports over 40% of its oil products production (5.4 Mt in 2019).

Interactive Chart Romania Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Oil Products Consumption

Oil product consumption has been increasing by 2.2%/year since 2010, reaching 9.8 Mt in 2019. It had declined by 1.8%/year between 2000 and 2010.

Transport is the largest oil consuming sector, accounting for 61% of oil consumption in 2019 (up from 55% in 2010). Industry absorbs 20% of this consumption.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)

Interactive Chart Romania Refined Oil Products Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Natural Gas Consumption

Gas consumption has been growing by 2.4%/year since 2015, reaching 12 bcm in 2019 (+4.4% in 2019 alone), as industrial demand has remained stable and gas consumption in the power sector recovered (+4.3%). Gas demand fell by 2.7%/year between 2000 and 2015 due to declining demand from the power sector (-2.3%/year) and from industry (-4%/year).

The power sector now accounts for 29% of gas demand (up from 22% in 2010), while industry accounts for 26% (down from 33% in 2010). In 2019, the residential and services sector accounted for 35% of gas demand.

Interactive Chart Romania Natural Gas Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on the LNG trade, you can request a sample of our EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

Coal Consumption

Lignite and coal consumption, which had been growing by 3%/year between 2000 and 2008, has fallen by 38% since then, from 40 Mt to 25 Mt in 2019 (with over 95% of lignite).

Since most of coal and lignite is consumed in power plants (93% in 2019), the commissioning of a new nuclear unit in 2007, growing wind power generation and lignite-fired capacity retirements (-2.3 GW since 2008) have contributed to reducing lignite consumption.

Graph: LIGNITE CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Interactive Chart Romania Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed consumption trends at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Romania energy report

Power Consumption

Electricity consumption has been rising since 2000 (by around 1.1%/year on average, apart from 2009, until 2018). In 2019, it dipped by 1.2% to 49 TWh.

Industry is the largest electricity consumer with 45% of total electricity consumption in 2019, followed by households with 26% and services with 17%.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019 %)

Renewable in % Electricity Production

The National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) of 2010 set a target of 24% of renewables in final energy consumption in 2020 (43% for power, 10% in transport, and 22% for heating and cooling). Romania exceeded this target in 2014 (23.9% in 2018, of which 41.9% for electricity, 6.3% in transport, and 25.4% for heating).

According to its NECP, the country aims to raise the share of renewables in final energy consumption to 30.7% in 2030, including 49.4% in electricity consumption, 33% in heating and cooling, and 14.2% in transport).

Interactive Chart Romania Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Learn more about renewables in the European Renewable Energy Report

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

According to its NECP, Romania aims to cut its GHG emissions by around 44% in 2030 compared to 2005 (-43.9% for emissions under the ETS scheme and -2% for non-ETS emissions). In 2018, GHG emissions were 23% below their 2005 level at 117 MtCO2eq.

CO2-energy emissions decreased by 3.4% between 2006 and 2016 and have been rising since then (+3.3%/year), reaching 75 Mt in 2019. This is still 54% below their 1990 level.

Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)

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