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Romania Energy Information

Romania Key Figures

Population: 19.2 million
GDP growth rate: 5.88 %/year
Energy independence: 68.1%

Data of the last year available: 2021
Total consumption/GDP:* 53.4 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 3.60 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 11.4%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the Romania energy report

Romania Related News

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Romania Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

Energy consumption per capita is about 1.8 toe (2021), which is 36% below the EU average, and electricity consumption amounts to 2 620 kWh/cap (51% below the EU average).

Total energy consumption increased by 5% in 2021 reaching 34 Mtoe. It has decreased by 2%/year between 2018 and 2020 after a progression over 2014- 2018 (1.5%/year).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Interactive Chart Romania Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Romania energy report

Crude Oil Production

Oil production has been declining since 2014 by 2%/year (-4% in 2021) reaching 3.4 Mt (72 kb/d). It had been falling by almost 6%/year between 2002 and 2012 before stabilising at around 4 Mt until 2014.

Oil imports, which had doubled between 2000 and 2019 (12 Mt), decreased by 11% in 2020. In 2021 imports increased again (+4%) to 11.3 Mt.

Interactive Chart Romania Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Oil Products Consumption

Oil product consumption, which increased by 1.9%/year between 2010 and 2019, declined slightly in 2020 (-1%) and rose by 5% in 2021 to 10.3 Mt. It had declined by 1.8%/year between 2000 and 2010.

Transport is the largest oil consuming sector, accounting for 64% of oil consumption in 2021 (up from 55% in 2010). Industry absorbs 17% of this consumption (including non-energy energy uses).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)

Interactive Chart Romania Refined Oil Products Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Natural Gas Consumption

Gas consumption, increased by 2.7%/year since 2019 to 11.6 bcm, following gas-fired power generation. It remained broadly stable at around 11 bcm between 2015 and 2019 and fell by 2.7%/year between 2000 and 2015 due to declining demand from industry (-4%/year) and from the power sector (-2.3%/year).

The power sector now accounts for 26% of gas demand (up from 22% in 2010), while industry accounts for 27% (down from 33% in 2010). In 2021, the residential and services sector accounted for 37% of gas demand (up from 30% in 2010).

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Interactive Chart Romania Natural Gas Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on the LNG trade, you can request a sample of our EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

Coal Consumption

Lignite and coal consumption, which had been growing by 3%/year between 2000 and 2008, fell by 4.8%/year on average until 2019 and collapsed in 2020 (-29%, as coal and lignite-fired power generation fell by 27%). Consumption registered a 16% growth in 2021, to 20 Mt.

Since most of coal and lignite is consumed in power plants (90% in 2021), the commissioning of a new nuclear unit in 2007, growing wind power generation and lignite-fired capacity retirements have contributed to reducing lignite consumption.

Graph: LIGNITE CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Interactive Chart Romania Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed consumption trends at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Romania energy report

Power Consumption

Electricity consumption increased by 4% in 2021 to 50 TWh after a decrease by 3% in 2020; it has been rising between 2013 and 2019 (1.7%/year on average).

Industry is the largest electricity consumer with 42% of total electricity consumption in 2021, followed by households with 28% and services with 18%.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021 %)

Renewable in % Electricity Production

According to its NECP, Romania aims to raise the share of renewables in final energy consumption to 30.7% in 2030, including 49.4% in electricity consumption, 33% in heating and cooling, and 14.2% in transport.

The country met its 2020 target on renewables with a share of renewables in final energy consumption of 24.5% (target of 24%), of which 43.4% for electricity, 25.3% for heating, and 8.5% in transport.

Interactive Chart Romania Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Learn more about renewables in the European Renewable Energy Report

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

According to its NECP, Romania aims to cut its GHG emissions by around 44% in 2030 compared to 2005 (-43.9% for emissions under the ETS scheme and -2% for non-ETS emissions).

GHG emissions have more than halved since 1990, falling by 6%/year between 1990 and 2000 and declining by 1.1%/year between 2000 and 2019. In 2020, GHG emissions dropped by 10% to 77 MtCO2eq, i.e. 65% below 1990 levels and 33% below 2005 levels.

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