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Romania Energy Information

Romania Key Figures

Population: 19.2 million
GDP growth rate: -5.0 %/year
Energy independence: 69.6%

Data of the last year available: 2020
Total consumption/GDP:* 54.6 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 3.32 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 12.3%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the Romania energy report

Romania Related News

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Romania Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

Energy consumption per capita is about 1.7 toe (2020), which is 44% below the EU average, and electricity consumption amounts to 2 500 kWh/cap (53% below the EU average).

Total energy consumption has decreased slightly since 2018 (-1.9%/year) to 32 Mtoe in 2020 (-2.2% in 2020). It had declined noticeably between 2006 and 2014 (-2.9%/year) before increasing slowly until 2018 (+1.5%/year).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Interactive Chart Romania Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Romania energy report

Crude Oil Production

Oil production, has been declining since 2015 by 2.8%/year (of which 3.1% in 2020) to 3.6 Mt. It had been falling by almost 6%/year between 2002 and 2012 before stabilising at around 4 Mt until 2015.

Oil imports, which had doubled between 2000 and 2019 (12 Mt) and decreased by 11% to 11 Mt in 2020, including 8 Mt of crude oil (-16%) and 2.9 Mt of oil products (+8%).

Interactive Chart Romania Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Oil Products Consumption

Oil product consumption, which increased by 1.9%/year between 2010 and 2019, slightly declined in 2020 (-1%) to 9.4 Mt. It had declined by 1.8%/year between 2000 and 2010.

Transport is the largest oil consuming sector, accounting for 62% of oil consumption in 2020 (up from 55% in 2010). Industry absorbs 23% of this consumption (including non-energy energy uses).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)

Interactive Chart Romania Refined Oil Products Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Natural Gas Consumption

Gas consumption, which remained broadly stable at around 11 bcm between 2015 and 2019 and increased by around 5% in 2020 to nearly 12 bcm, as gas-fired power generation surged (+26% in 2020) to offset the 20% fall in coal-fired generation. Gas demand fell by 2.7%/year between 2000 and 2015 due to declining demand from industry (-4%/year) and from the power sector (-2.3%/year).

Interactive Chart Romania Natural Gas Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on the LNG trade, you can request a sample of our EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

Coal Consumption

Lignite and coal consumption, which had been growing by 3%/year between 2000 and 2008, fell by 4.8%/year on average until 2019 and collapsed in 2020 (-29%, as coal and lignite-fired power generation fell by 27%).

Since most of coal and lignite is consumed in power plants (92% in 2020), the commissioning of a new nuclear unit in 2007, growing wind power generation and lignite-fired capacity retirements have contributed to reducing lignite consumption.

Graph: LIGNITE CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Interactive Chart Romania Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed consumption trends at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Romania energy report

Power Consumption

Electricity consumption has been rising since 2000 (by around 1%/year on average, apart from 2009 and 2013, until 2018). It remained stable in 2019, and declined by 3.4% to 48 TWh in 2020.

Industry is the largest electricity consumer with 43% of total electricity consumption in 2020, followed by households with 29% and services with 16%.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020 %)

Renewable in % Electricity Production

According to its NECP, Romania aims to raise the share of renewables in final energy consumption to 30.7% in 2030, including 49.4% in electricity consumption, 33% in heating and cooling, and 14.2% in transport).

In 2019, the share of renewables in final energy consumption reached its 2020 target of 24%, of which 41.7% for electricity (target of 43%), 25.7% for heating (target of 22%) and 7.8% in transport (target of 10%).

Interactive Chart Romania Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Learn more about renewables in the European Renewable Energy Report

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

According to its NECP, Romania aims to cut its GHG emissions by around 44% in 2030 compared to 2005 (-43.9% for emissions under the ETS scheme and -2% for non-ETS emissions).

GHG emissions have more than halved since 1990, falling by 6%/year between 1990 and 2000 and declining by 1.1%/year between 2000 and 2019. In 2019, GHG emissions were 24% below their 2005 level at 114 MtCO2eq (57% below their 1990 level).

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