Mexico Energy Information
Mexico Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -0.3 %/year
Energy independence: 83.0%
Data of the last year available: 2019
CO2 Emissions: 3.50 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 13.9%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Mexico energy report
Mexico Related News
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Mexico Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Total energy consumption per capita is 1.4 toe and electricity consumption per capita reached around 2 200 kWh (2019).
Total energy consumption has been decreasing since 2013, by 1.3%/year over 2013-2019 to 178 Mtoe in 2019. It increased previously by 1.9%/year on average between 2000 and 2013.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Mexico Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Since a peak level in 2004 at 191 Mt, oil production has fallen by 4.6%/year on average to 95 Mt in 2019. Approximately 70% of the production is extracted in the Bay of Campeche, in the south of the Gulf of Mexico (offshore). Mexico's sliding oil production is mainly explained by the decline of the Cantarell field (0.16 mb/d in 2018 compared to 2 mb/d in 2004 and no production in 2019). Around 62% of the production is exported (59 Mt in 2019).
Interactive Chart Mexico Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Since 2013, the consumption of oil products has been decreasing, to 78 Mt in 2019. The rate of decline has been accelerating in recent years (-3% since 2016 compared to -2%/year since 2012). It remained largely stable between 2005 and 2012 (around 90 Mt).
Transport represents around 61% of the demand, followed by power plants (12%) and industry (11%).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Mexico Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas demand has been growing by 2%/year since 2012, reaching 87 bcm in 2019. This progression has been much slower than over 2000-2012 (5.2%/year), when numerous CCGTs were commissioned (+19 GW).
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
About 58% of the demand is used for power production, 22% by industry, and 18% by the oil and gas sector (2019). Gas use in buildings (residential and services) remains marginal (2%).
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Mexico Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
The demand for coal has been decreasing rapidly since 2010 to 21 Mt in 2019. Around two thirds of the total are used for the production of electricity.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Mexico Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption decreased by 2% in 2019, down to 281 TWh. It had increased previously at a rapid pace of around 4%/year as from 2000.
Industry's share is around 52%, followed by households (22%) and services (20%). About 99% of the population is connected to the grid.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The General Law on Climate Change ("LGCC") sets the target of a 35% share for "clean energies" (nuclear, CHP and CCS) in total power generation in 2024, 37.7% in 2030 and 50% in 2050. SENER now expects to reach a share of 50% earlier, in 2034.
Interactive Chart Mexico Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In its NDC, the country is committed to cutting GHG emissions by 22% in 2030 compared to BAU levels. Emissions of "short-lived climate pollutants" (SLCP, such as methane or soot) should be cut by 25% below BAU by 2030. Mexico could raise its emission reduction targets to 36% (SLCP emissions to 40%) if it gains access to climate funds or if a global carbon price is set.
CO2 emissions from combustion decreased by 3% in 2019 to 447 Mt, after remaining rather stable between 2015 and 2018. Previously, they increased by 75% from 1990 to 2012.
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