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Mexico Energy Information

2019 Mexico Key Figures

Population: 133 million
GDP growth rate: -0.1 %/year
Energy independence: 82.6%

* at purchasing power parity
Total consumption/GDP:* 73.7 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 3.27 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 14.4%

Mexico Related News

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Mexico Related Research

Total Energy Consumption

Total energy consumption per capita is 1.3 toe and electricity consumption per capita reached around 2 300 kWh (2019).

Total energy consumption has been decreasing since 2013, by 1.3%/year over 2013-2019 to 178 Mtoe in 2019. It increased previously by 1.9%/year on average between 2000 and 2013.

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Interactive Chart Mexico Total Energy Consumption

More research: Mexico energy report

Crude Oil Production

Since a peak level in 2004 at 191 Mt, oil production has fallen by 4.6%/year on average to 94 Mt in 2019. Approximately 70% of the production is extracted in the Bay of Campeche, in the south of the Gulf of Mexico (offshore). Mexico's sliding oil production is mainly explained by the decline of the Cantarell field (0.16 mb/d in 2018 compared to 2 mb/d in 2004). Around 64% of the production is exported (60 Mt in 2019).

Interactive Chart Mexico Crude Oil Production

Oil Products Consumption

The consumption of oil products has been decreasing since 2013 at an average pace of 1.6%/year (81 Mt in 2019). It remained almost stable between 2005 and 2013 (around 90 Mt).

Transport represents around 61% of the demand, followed by power plants (12%) and industry (11%).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)

Interactive Chart Mexico Refined Oil Products Production

Natural Gas Consumption

Gas demand growth has slowed down since 2012 (0.5%/year against 5.4%/year between 2000 and 2012). It reached 77 bcm in 2019. The rapid demand before 2012 was due to the commissioning of numerous CCGTs (+19 GW over 2000-2012).

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

About 63% of the demand is used for power production, 20% by the oil and gas sector, and 16% by industry (2019). Gas use in buildings (residential and services) remains marginal (1%).

Interactive Chart Mexico Natural Gas Domestic Consumption

More research: America LNG Trade Dataset

Coal Consumption

The demand for coal is around 18 Mt in 2019. Almost three quarters of the total are used for the production of electricity.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)

Interactive Chart Mexico Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption

Power Consumption

Electricity consumption has grown at a rapid pace of around 4%/year since 2000, reaching 307 TWh in 2019.

Industry's share is around 54%, followed by households (21%) and services (19%). About 99% of the population is connected to the grid.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)

Renewable in % Electricity Production

The General Law on Climate Change ("LGCC") sets the target of a 35% share for "clean energies" (nuclear, CHP and CCS) in total power generation in 2024, 37.7% in 2030 and 50% in 2050. SENER now expects to reach a share of 50% earlier, in 2034.

Interactive Chart Mexico Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

In its NDC, the country is committed to cutting GHG emissions by 22% in 2030 compared to BAU levels. Emissions of "short-lived climate pollutants" (SLCP, such as methane or soot) should be cut by 25% below BAU by 2030. Mexico could raise its emission reduction targets to 36% (SLCP emissions to 40%) if it gains access to climate funds or if a global carbon price is set.

CO2 emissions from combustion have decreased by 6% since 2012 and reached 433 Mt in 2019. Previously, they increased by 75% from 1990 to 2012.

Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)

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