Kenya Energy Information
Kenya Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -0.3 %/year
Energy independence: 82.0%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 0.29 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 24.8%
* at purchasing power parity
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Kenya Related News
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Kenya Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Total per capita energy consumption is around 0.52 toe (2020). Per capita electricity consumption is around 170 kWh, which is much higher than neighbour countries (60% higher than in Tanzania, twice that in Uganda).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Since 2010, total energy consumption has increased by an average of 3.6%/year.
Graph: TOTAL CONSUMPTION MARKET SHARE BY ENERGY (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Kenya Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Kenya does not produce oil. The country has four petroleum exploration basins including Lamu Basin, Anza Basin, Mandera Basin, and Tertiary Rift Basin. There are 63 petroleum blocks gazetted in Kenya: 35 are open for bidding and 27 are licenced (26 to 13 international oil companies and 1 to NOCK).
Since the closure of the Mombasa refinery in 2013, Kenya imports all its oil products (4.8 Mt in 2020, -10% compared to 2019).
Interactive Chart Kenya Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The country targets a 100% renewable power mix by 2030 (95% in 2020).
RERAC, the Renewable Energy Resources Advisory Committee, is in charge of regulating the development of the renewable energy policy.
REREC is the lead agency for the development of renewables other than geothermal and large hydro.
GDC, Geothermal Development Company (100% state-owned) was created in 2008 to fast track the development of geothermal resources.
Interactive Chart Kenya Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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Learn more about renewables in the Mini grid Africa & Asia markets for village electrification
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In its updated NDC (2020), the country set a GHG emissions reduction target of 32% in 2030 (30% previously), compared to a BaU scenario. To reach this target, Kenya commits to mobilize resources to meet 13% of the budget, estimated at US$62bn, and will require international support for 87% of the budget.
Since 2017, Kenya's CO2 emissions from energy combustion declined by around 2.5%/year to 15.4 MtCO2 in 2020. Previously, they increased very rapidly between 2013 and 2017 (10%/year).
Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)
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