Kenya energy report
This analysis includes a comprehensive Kenya energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2018 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.
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Institutions & Energy Policy
The Ministry of Energy (MoE) is in charge of the country's energy policy and development.
The Ministry of Petroleum and Mining (MPM) oversees the management of fossil natural resources (oil, gas, and minerals) and related policies.
The MoE estimates that there are around 2 200 mbl of crude oil reserves (2018), 1 Gt of economically recoverable coal resources in the Mui basin, a hydropower potential of 6 GW, including over 3 GW in small hydropower plants (≤ 10 MW), and more than 10 GW of geothermal resources.
Oil product prices are controlled monthly by the ERC, which in 2010 introduced a cap price system to protect consumers from high prices.
In 2018, the average price of gasoline was US$1.07/l and of diesel US$1.01/l. Prices fell between 2014 and 2016 (-31% for gasoline and -35% for diesel), but have been growing since then, following international oil prices.
Total per capita energy consumption is around 0.55 toe (2018). Per capita electricity consumption is around 170 kWh, which is much higher than neighbour countries (60% higher than in Tanzania, twice that in Ugandan).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Issues & Prospects
The government approved a plan to start crude oil production and export in 2017, but implementation has been postponed several times. In 2019, the government signed a law to regulate domestic oil exploration and production, which allowed for the start-up of oil exports. Export by shipping started in August 2019 and first oil export by pipeline is scheduled for 2022.
- GENERAL OVERVIEW
- INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY
- ENERGY SUPPLY
- ENERGY PRICES
- ENERGY CONSUMPTION
- ISSUES AND PROSPECTS
- DATA TABLES
Below is a list of the Kenya energy market report graphs:
- GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
- GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2018, %)
- GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
- GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2018, %)
- GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
- GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
- GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
- GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2018, %)
- GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2018, %)
In the Kenya energy market report you will find the following tables:
- Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
- Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source
- Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
- Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
The Kenya energy market data since 1990 and up to 2018 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Kenya country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.
Key Data included in the excelsheet:
- Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
- Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
- Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
- Energy Balance: total and per energy.
- Kenya Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Kenya energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).
The Kenya country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.
Data included in the excelsheet:
- New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
- Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.
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