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This analysis includes a comprehensive Kenya energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • The country's electrification rate soared from 19% in 2010 to 77% in 2021.
  • Kenya targets a share of 100% of renewables in the power mix and a 32% reduction in GHG emissions in 2030.
  • KenGen still accounts for around two thirds of power generation, despite a growing market share for IPPs.
  • KPLC and KETRACO, two state-owned transmission companies, are rapidly extending the power grid.
  • Geothermal provided 43% of the power mix in 2022.
  • The share of geothermal, wind, and solar has increased by 40 points since 2010.
  • The price of oil products increased by over 40% between 2020 and 2023.
  • Electricity prices have increased sharply since 2021: by 60% for industry and almost 80% for households.
  • The share of renewable electricity in the country's energy mix has increased by 10 points since 2010, reaching 18% in 2022.
  • Kenya plans to triple its power capacity by 2030.
share of geothermal in the power mix
electrification rate in 2021
GHG emissions in 2030 compared to a BAU scenario
  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Energy (MoE) is in charge of the country's energy policy and development.

    The Ministry of Petroleum and Mining (MPM) oversees the management of fossil natural resources (oil, gas, and minerals) and related policies.

  • Energy Companies


    National Oil Corporation of Kenya (NOCK, 100% state-owned) is involved in all aspects of the hydrocarbon supply chain covering the upstream oil and gas exploration, midstream petroleum infrastructure development, and downstream marketing of petroleum products. Kenya is planning to privatize NOCK, among other public companies.

  • Energy Supply


    Kenya does not currently have oil and gas reserves. However, the country's renewable potential is significant, with 53 GW of hydroelectric resources and 7-10 GW of geothermal resources.

  • Energy Prices


    The electricity tariffs are reviewed and approved by EPRA based on proposals from Kenya Power. Kenya follows a three-tiered tariff structure, under which tariffs increase according to the number of kWh consumed.

    Standard tariffs are defined for mini-grids and depend on project costs.

  • Energy Consumption

    Total per capita energy consumption is around 0.54 toe (2022). Per capita electricity consumption is around 190 kWh, which is much higher than neighbour countries (30% higher than in Tanzania, twice that in Uganda).


  • Issues & Prospects


    The last "Least Cost Power Development Plan", covering the period 2022-2041, announced a total capacity of 8.9 GW in 2041.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2022, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

The Kenya energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Kenya country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Kenya Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Kenya energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).