Kenya energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Kenya energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Kenya energy report
June 2021
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
30 (Report only)

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  • The Energy Act 2019 consolidates energy related laws and creates or modifies public institutions.
  • In its NDC, the country set a GHG emissions reduction target of 32% in 2030, compared to a BaU scenario.
  • KenGen supplies around 70% of power production, while Kenya Power manages power transport and distribution.
  • Electricity production is mostly generated from renewable sources (84%), of which 44% is geothermal.
  • The prices of oil products follow international oil prices.
  • The country's energy consumption is increasing rapidly, with biomass supplying around 2/3.
  • Kenya plans to triple its power capacity by 2030.


share of geothermal in the power mix


electrification rate in 2022


GHG emissions in 2030 compared to a BAU scenario


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Energy (MoE) is in charge of the country's energy policy and development.

    The Ministry of Petroleum and Mining (MPM) oversees the management of fossil natural resources (oil, gas, and minerals) and related policies.

  • Energy Supply


    The country has four exploration basins: Lamu, Mandera, Anza, and Tertiary Rift. Oil production started in 2019 at the Turkana oil fields.

    Since the closure of the Mombasa refinery in 2013, Kenya imports all its refined oil products, around 40% of which is of diesel (2019).

  • Energy Prices


    Oil product prices are controlled monthly by EPRA; in 2010, a cap price system was introduced to protect consumers from high prices.

    In 2019, the average price of gasoline was US$1.07/l and of diesel US$1.01/l. Prices increased between 2016 and 2018 (+23% for gasoline and +34% for diesel), but fell in 2019 following international oil prices.

  • Energy Consumption

    Total per capita energy consumption is around 0.54 toe (2019). Per capita electricity consumption is around 170 kWh, which is much higher than neighbour countries (60% higher than in Tanzania, twice that in Uganda).


  • Issues & Prospects


    Export by shipping started in 2019 and first oil export by pipeline is scheduled for 2022.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Kenya energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)

List of Tables

In the Kenya energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Kenya energy market data since 1990 and up to 2019 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Kenya country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Kenya Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Kenya energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Kenya country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


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