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Kenya energy report

Kenya energy report
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Kenya energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • The country's electrification rate increased from 19% in 2010 to 75% in 2020.
  • Kenya targets a share of 100% of renewables in the power mix in 2030. It has set a GHG emissions reduction target of 32% in 2030.
  • KenGen still accounts for around two thirds of power generation, despite a growing market share for IPPs.
  • KPLC and KETRACO, two state-owned transmission companies, have rapidly increased the length of the power grid in recent years.
  • Kenya has an important renewable potential.
  • The share of renewables in the power mix grew to 95% in 2020 thanks to significant capacity additions over the last decade, especially geothermal.
  • The prices of oil products follow international oil prices.
  • The share of renewable electricity in the country's energy mix doubled between 2010 and 2020.
  • Kenya plans to triple its power capacity by 2030.


share of geothermal in the power mix


electrification rate in 2022


GHG emissions in 2030 compared to a BAU scenario

  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Energy (MoE) is in charge of the country's energy policy and development.

    The Ministry of Petroleum and Mining (MPM) oversees the management of fossil natural resources (oil, gas, and minerals) and related policies.

  • Energy Companies


    National Oil Corporation of Kenya (NOCK, 100% state-owned) is involved in all aspects of the hydrocarbon supply chain covering the upstream oil and gas exploration, midstream petroleum infrastructure development, and downstream marketing of petroleum products.

  • Energy Supply


    Kenya does not produce oil. The country has four petroleum exploration basins including Lamu Basin, Anza Basin, Mandera Basin, and Tertiary Rift Basin. There are 63 petroleum blocks gazetted in Kenya: 35 are open for bidding and 27 are licenced (26 to 13 international oil companies and 1 to NOCK).

  • Energy Prices


    EPRA is mandated to set the wholesale and retail prices of petroleum and petroleum products.

    In 2021, the average price of gasoline in dollars was US$1.14/l and of diesel US$0.95/l. These prices tend to follow international prices: they decreased between 2019 and 2020 (-9% for gasoline and -11% for diesel) and increased between 2020 and 2021 (+18% for gasoline and +7% for diesel).

  • Energy Consumption

    Total per capita energy consumption is around 0.52 toe (2020). Per capita electricity consumption is around 170 kWh, which is much higher than neighbour countries (60% higher than in Tanzania, twice that in Uganda).


  • Issues & Prospects


    In September 2021, Tullow Oil presented its revised development plan for oil production in Turkana County. A draft Field Development Plan was submitted to the Ministry of Energy & Petroleum. The company, which raised the project's gross budget to about KES374bn (US$3.4bn), plans to produce 120 kb/d and to recover 585 mbl over the full life of the field.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2020, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

The Kenya energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Kenya country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Kenya Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Kenya energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Kenya country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.