Ireland Energy Information
Ireland Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 5.88 %/year
Energy independence: 31.3%
Data of the last year available: 2019
CO2 Emissions: 6.80 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 7.23%
* at purchasing power parity
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Ireland Related News
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Ireland Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
In 2019, consumption per capita was 2.8 toe (down from 3.2 toe in 2010) and 10% below the EU average. Per capita electricity consumption was 5 600 kWh in 2019, in line with the EU average.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Ireland Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
There is currently no oil production. Providence Resources was the first company to report commercially viable oil flow from its Barryroe well in 2012.
Ireland imports all its crude oil and about two thirds of its refined product needs. Ireland's oil dependency is among the highest in the EU.
Ireland has just one oil refinery, the Whitegate refinery located in Cork, with a capacity of 75 kb/d. It processes crude, mainly sourced from the North Sea, North Africa and West Africa.
Interactive Chart Ireland Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
The consumption of oil products has increased slightly since 2013 to around 6 Mt in 2019 (+1.3%/year on average). It decreased at the rapid pace of 6%/year between 2006 and 2013. The reduction in oil consumption largely took place in transport (60% of oil demand in 2019), and in the residential-tertiary sector (23%), since they both suffered from the economic recession and the oil price rise over that period. Industry represents 12% of oil consumption (including non-energy uses).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Interactive Chart Ireland Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Natural gas consumption rebounded in 2015 and rose to 5.5 bcm in 2019. It decreased sharply (-5.5%/year) between its peak level in 2010 at 5.5 bcm and 2014, as a result of a reduction in power generation from gas (-10%/year).
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Interactive Chart Ireland Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
The consumption of coal and peat dropped from 6 Mt in 2016 to 3 Mt in 2019 (-50%).
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
The electricity sector absorbs 69% of coal and peat consumption, followed by the residential-tertiary sector with 21%.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Ireland Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption has increased rapidly since 2014 (2.7%/year), after a decrease between 2008 and 2012 (-2.3%/year), driven by the economic crisis.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Industry is the largest electricity consumer with 40%, followed by households (29%) and services (28%).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
SEAI is also the agency in charge of the implementation of the renewable energy policy.
Interactive Chart Ireland Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
GHG emissions in 2018 were 10% above their 1990 level at 60.9 MtCO2. These emissions fell by 15%, from their 2005 peak level of 69.6 MtCO2 to 58.5 MtCO2 in 2012, because of the economic crisis and have been increasing since then.
In 2019, the government presented its climate action plan that aims at reaching net zero emissions by 2050. As a member of the EU, Ireland targets a 43% reduction of GHG emissions by 2030, relative to 2005 levels. In addition, the country seeks to achieve a 30% reduction in non-ETS sector emissions by 2030 (relative to 2005 levels).
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