Ireland energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Ireland energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Ireland energy report
March 2021
4 files (PDF report, 3 Excel files)
35 (Report only)

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  • Ireland has very competitive markets, with 13.5% of electricity consumers and 18% of gas consumers switching supplier in 2019.
  • The carbon tax will increase from €33.5/tCO2 in October 2020 to €100/tCO2 in 2030.
  • ESB and Bord Gáis Energy's market shares dropped below 50% with the power and gas market liberalisation.
  • Natural gas represents around half of the power mix, while wind is surging (32% in 2019).
  • Energy prices are close to the EU average. Electricity prices are highly dependent on international gas prices.
  • Total energy consumption has remained broadly stable since 2016.
  • The share of oil in the energy mix is shrinking and is being replaced by gas.
  • Most of the investments in power generation will go towards wind energy.
  • DCCAE counts on new oil and gas exploration licencing rounds to improve the country's security of supply.

€21bn budget for energy transition over 2018-2027


switching rate for electricity in 2019


share of wind in the power mix in 2019


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Department of Communications, Climate Action and Environment (DCCAE) is responsible for the country's overall energy policy, including energy security, and competitiveness, governance of public energy companies and sustainable energy policy.

  • Energy Supply


    There is currently no oil production. Providence Resources was the first company to report commercially viable oil flow from its Barryroe well in 2012.

    Ireland imports all its crude oil and about two thirds of its refined product needs. Ireland's oil dependency is among the highest in the EU.

  • Energy Prices


    In addition to VAT, the excise tax for gasoline amounts to €58.8c/l and for diesel to €47.9c/l. The road fuel prices are very close to the EU average. Prices vary with international crude oil prices.


  • Energy Consumption

    In 2019, consumption per capita was 2.8 toe (down from 3.2 toe in 2010) and 10% below the EU average. Per capita electricity consumption was 5 600 kWh in 2019, in line with the EU average.


  • Issues & Prospects


    According to the Network Development Plan 2018 of Gas Networks Ireland, gas consumption is expected to increase by nearly 24% between 2017-2018 and 2026-2027 in the median scenario.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Ireland energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)

List of Tables

In the Ireland energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Ireland energy market data since 1990 and up to 2019 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Ireland country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Ireland Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Ireland energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Ireland country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


Projections Data (Excel Sheet)

The Ireland country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.

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