Iran Energy Information
Iran Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -1.5 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 7.36 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 11.0%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Iran energy report
Iran Related News
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Iran Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Per capita energy consumption stands at 3.2 toe (similar to that in the Middle East or the EU average), including about 3 200 kWh in 2020.
Energy consumption has stabilised since 2018 and stood at 268 Mtoe in 2020. It had been growing by +3.3%/year between 2010 and 2018.
Natural gas accounts for 70% of total energy consumption (2020). The share of oil in total consumption has halved since 2000, from 56% to 28% in 2020. Hydro represents 1.5% of the total energy consumption, while the shares of coal and biomass are below 1%.
Interactive Chart Iran Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Because of the COVID-19 disruptions on top of the US sanctions, oil production continued to decrease in 2020 reaching an almost 40-year low production level, at 133 Mt (-9%). Previously, it had dropped by 33% between 2017 and 2019, and by 25% between 2010 and 2015 to 161 Mt, because of international sanctions. It increased by 37% from 2015 to 2017 after the lifting of these sanctions in 2016 and reached a peak at 220 Mt, above its 2003-2010 average (around 215 Mt).
Interactive Chart Iran Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
In 2020, oil consumption decreased by 9% due to price adjustments and COVID-19 restrictions. Previously, it had increased slightly since 2016 after a rapid decrease between 2013 and 2016 (5.7%/year) due to the increase in motor fuel prices and low economic growth.
Transport is the main consuming sector, reaching 50% of the total, well ahead of industry (26% including non-energy uses), buildings (10%), and the power sector (10%).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Interactive Chart Iran Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas consumption has grown by 1.6%/year between 2017 and 2020, reaching 220 bcm in 2020. Previously it had jumped by 6%/year between 2013 and 2017.
The power sector is the largest gas consumer with 32% in 2020, closely followed by the building sector (i.e. residential-services sector) with 28% and industry (27%). The share of the residential sector has been declining (35% in 2000), while the share of the industry sector went from 18% to 27% between 2005 and 2020.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Interactive Chart Iran Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption is low. It has increased by around 7%/year since 2012 to 2.8 Mt in 2020, with most consumption concentrated in industry (71%).
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Iran Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption has been quite stable over 2018-2020 (+0.8%/year) reaching 269 TWh. Between 2010 and 2018 it increased by around 4%/year. Most of the population is electrified (99.5%).
Industry represents 34% of electricity consumption, the residential sector 34%, and services 17%. The remainder (15%) is consumed in the oil and gas sector.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
Before its integration into SATBA, SUNA (Iran Renewable Energy Organization)was the regulatory authority overseeing renewable policy development and renewable project licensing and securing power purchase agreements (PPAs) with renewable power producers.
In the 6th Plan, the country aims to reach 4.5 GW of wind and 0.5 GW of solar capacities by 2021, with an additional 2.5 GW by 2030. The 2021 targets will likely be missed, as only 302 MW of wind and 410 MW of solar has been installed at the end of 2020.
Interactive Chart Iran Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
Through its 2015 Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to fight climate change, Iran committed to reducing its GHG emissions by 4% (unconditional pledge) and up to 12% (conditional on international financial and technical assistance) by 2030 compared to the level defined in its BAU scenario. The Iranian parliament signed the Paris Agreement in 2016, but has yet to ratify the agreement, citing the additional time needed for careful domestic planning to achieve its emission targets.
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