Iran Energy Information
Iran Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -1.5 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 7.32 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 11.1%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Iran energy report
Iran Related News
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Iran Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Per capita energy consumption stands at 3.2 toe (similar to that in the Middle East or the EU average), including about 3 300 kWh in 2020.
Energy consumption has stabilised since 2018 and stood at 272 Mtoe in 2020. It grew by +3.7%/year between 2010 and 2018.
Natural gas accounts for 70% of total energy consumption (2020) and its share is progressing (+10 points since 2010). The share of oil in total consumption has halved since 2000, from 56% to 28% in 2020. Hydro represents 1.5% of the total energy consumption, while the shares of coal and biomass are below 1%.
Interactive Chart Iran Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Because of the COVID-19 disruptions, on top of the US sanctions, oil production continued to decrease in 2020 reaching an almost 40-year low production level, at 124 Mt (-16% in 2020 and -44% since 2017). Previously, it had dropped by 4.6%/year between 2010 and 2015 to 161 Mt, because of international sanctions. It increased by 33% in 2016 after the lifting of those sanctions and reached a peak at 220 Mt in 2017, above its 2003-2010 average (around 215 Mt).
Interactive Chart Iran Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
In 2020, oil consumption decreased by 8% due to price adjustments and COVID-19 restrictions. Previously, it had increased slightly (+1%/year) between 2017-2019, after a 4.5%/year decrease between 2014-2017 due to the increase in motor fuel prices and low economic growth.
Transport is the main consuming sector, reaching 51% of the total, well ahead of industry (28% including non-energy uses), buildings (10%), and the power sector (11%).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Interactive Chart Iran Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas consumption grew by 1.1%/year between 2017 and 2020, reaching 219 bcm in 2020. Previously, it had jumped by 6%/year between 2013 and 2017.
The power sector is the largest gas consumer with 33% in 2020, closely followed by buildings (i.e. residential-services sector) and industry (each representing 27%). The share of buildings is declining (33% in 2010), while the share of industry is stable.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Interactive Chart Iran Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption is low. It has increased by around 2.4%/year since 2015, reaching 2.6 Mt in 2020, with most consumption concentrated in industry (73%).
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Iran Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption has been increasing by 4%/year since 2010, reaching 280 TWh in 2020. Most of the population is electrified (99.5%).
Industry and the residential sector each represent 33% of electricity consumption and services 18%. The remainder (16%) is consumed in the oil and gas sector.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
Before its integration into SATBA,SUNA (Iran Renewable Energy Organization)was the regulatory authority overseeing renewable policy development and renewable project licensing and securing power purchase agreements (PPAs) with renewable power producers.
In the 6th Plan, the country aimed at reaching 4.5 GW of wind and 0.5 GW of solar capacities by 2021, with an additional 2.5 GW by 2030. The 2021 targets will be missed, as only 302 MW of wind and 410 MW of solar had been installed at the end of 2020.
Interactive Chart Iran Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In its 2015 INDC, Iran committed to reducing its GHG emissions by 4% (unconditional pledge) and up to 12% (conditional on international financial and technical assistance) by 2030 compared to a BAU scenario. Because of the economic sanctions, Iran has not ratified the Paris Agreement and has not submitted its NDC. Iran submitted its third national communication to UNFCCC in 2017 with a GHG inventory for 2010.
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