Chad Energy Information
Chad Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -0.9 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 0.06 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 12.2%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Chad energy report
Chad Related News
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Chad Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
The energy consumption per capita in 2020 was around 0.15 toe/cap (3.7 times lower than the average for Sub-Saharan Africa). The electricity consumption per capita in 2020 reached 13 kWh/cap, which is almost 30 times lower than the average for Sub-Saharan Africa.
Total energy consumption is increasing regularly, but at a slow pace (+0.6%/year since 2012).
Biomass accounts for a large part of the energy consumed (82% in 2020), while oil represents 18% of this consumption.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Chad Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production has increased by 14% since 2018, reaching 6.3 Mt in 2020. This is a 14%, after a 16% drop in 2017. Production started in 2003. Output peaked at 8.7 Mt/year in 2004 and 2005. Crude oil production declined by 50% between 2005 and 2014 to 4.4 Mt due to high water cut, low reservoir pressure, unconsolidated sands, and complex reservoir geometry.
The 250 kb/d (13 Mt/year) Chad-Cameroon oil pipeline between the Doba oil filed in Chad and the port of Kribi in Cameroon (1 070 km) was commissioned in 2003.
Interactive Chart Chad Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The National Strategy for the Promotion of New and Renewable Energy in Chad (2018) aims to increase the share of renewables in the country's energy mix to 38% by 2030. According to the Energy Policy Statement, the share of renewables in total generation is expected to reach 20% by 2030 (0% in 2020).
The Agency for the Development of Renewable Energies (ADER) is the parastatal in charge of the promotion of renewables. However, its resources, which come for the State budget, are insufficient to ensure its full operationalisation.
Interactive Chart Chad Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
According to the inventory results, GHG emissions including LULUCF increased by 50% since 2010, from 49 MtCO2eq to 74 MtCO2eq in 2018. Agriculture is the main emitting sector, accounting for about 95% of the total.
In its updated NDC (2021), the country lowered its GHG emission reduction target from 71% to 19.3% of the BAU projection in 2030. The reduction target is divided into an unconditional target of 0.5% and a conditional target of 18.8%.
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