Chad energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Chad energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2020 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Chad energy report
November 2022
2 files (PDF report, Excel file)
26 (Report only)

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  • Chad targets 38% of renewables in its energy mix by 2030.
  • Independent power producers account for around 50% of the electricity supplied by the state-owned power utility SNE.
  • The CNPC-led consortium is the largest oil producer (70% of total production).
  • Around 60% of the power capacity (310 MW) is used to supply oil fields and the refinery.
  • Oil production has increased by 14%/year since 2018.
  • Fuel prices and power tariffs are set by the government.
  • Chad has one of the lowest energy consumption per capita in the world.
  • Biomass accounts for 82% of total energy consumption.
  • A power interconnection is planned between Chad and Cameroon.
  • Almost 140 MW of solar projects are currently under construction.


increase in oil production since 2017

12 kWh

electricity consumption per capita


electrification rate


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Petroleum and Energy is responsible for the energy sector and coordinates the country's energy policy.

    Chad is a member of the Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC). The country joined the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) in 2010.

  • Energy Companies


    The state-owned national oil and gas company Société des hydrocarbures du Tchad (SHT) was created in 2006 to implement the country's industrial and commercial policy for hydrocarbon resources. It has stakes in all consortiums.

  • Energy Supply


    Oil production has increased by 14% since 2018, reaching 6.3 Mt in 2020. This is a 14%, after a 16% drop in 2017. Production started in 2003. Output peaked at 8.7 Mt/year in 2004 and 2005. Crude oil production declined by 50% between 2005 and 2014 to 4.4 Mt due to high water cut, low reservoir pressure, unconsolidated sands, and complex reservoir geometry.

  • Energy Prices


    The prices of motor fuels are set by the government and tend to follow international oil prices. In 2021, gasoline and diesel prices stood at US$095/l and US$1.01/l, respectively. At purchasing power parities, gasoline prices in Chad are 20% lower than in Cameroon (2020).


  • Energy Consumption

    The energy consumption per capita in 2020 was around 0.15 toe/cap (3.7 times lower than the average for Sub-Saharan Africa). The electricity consumption per capita in 2020 reached 13 kWh/cap, which is almost 30 times lower than the average for Sub-Saharan Africa.

    Total energy consumption is increasing regularly, but at a slow pace (+0.6%/year since 2012).

  • Issues & Prospects


    Chad and several central African countries (Angola, Cameroon, Congo, Congo (DRC), Equatorial Guinea and Gabon) have agreed to build three gas pipelines measuring about 6,500 km by 2030, as well as storage depots, liquefied natural gas terminals, at least three refineries, and gas-fired power plants. The countries signed a MoU, which paves the way for feasibility studies.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Chad energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-Energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 7: Total consumption market share by energy (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 8: Final consumption market share by sector (2020 %)

List of Tables

In the Chad energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Chad energy market data since 1990 and up to 2020 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Chad country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Chad Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Chad energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Chad country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


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