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- GENERAL OVERVIEW
- INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY
- ENERGY COMPANIES
- ENERGY SUPPLY
- ENERGY PRICES
- ENERGY CONSUMPTION
- ISSUES AND PROSPECTS
- DATA TABLES
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Chad energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.
- Chad targets 38% of renewables in its energy mix by 2030.
- Independent power producers account for around 50% of the electricity supplied by the state-owned power utility SNE.
- The CNPC-led consortium is the largest oil producer (70% of total production).
- Around 60% of the power capacity (310 MW) is used to supply oil fields and the refinery.
- Oil production has increased by 14%/year since 2018.
- Fuel prices and power tariffs are set by the government.
- Chad has one of the lowest energy consumptions per capita in the world.
- Biomass accounts for 82% of total energy consumption.
- A power interconnection is planned between Chad and Cameroon.
- Almost 140 MW of solar projects are currently under construction.
increase in oil production since 2017
electricity consumption per capita
Institutions & Energy Policy
The Ministry of Petroleum and Energy is responsible for the energy sector and coordinates the country's energy policy.
Chad is a member of the Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC). The country joined the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) in 2010.
The state-owned national oil and gas company Société des hydrocarbures du Tchad (SHT) was created in 2006 to implement the country's industrial and commercial policy for hydrocarbon resources. It has stakes in all consortiums.
Oil production has increased by 14% since 2018, reaching 6.3 Mt in 2020, after a 16% drop in 2017. Production started in 2003. Output peaked at 8.7 Mt/year in 2004 and 2005. Crude oil production declined by 50% between 2005 and 2014 to 4.4 Mt due to high water cut, low reservoir pressure, unconsolidated sands, and complex reservoir geometry.
The prices of motor fuels are set by the government and tend to follow international oil prices. In 2021, gasoline and diesel prices stood at US$095/l and US$1.01/l, respectively. At purchasing power parities, gasoline prices in Chad are 20% lower than in Cameroon (2020).
Graph: GASOLINE & DIESEL PRICES (US$/l)
The energy consumption per capita in 2020 was around 0.15 toe/cap (3.7 times lower than the average for Sub-Saharan Africa). The electricity consumption per capita in 2020 reached 13 kWh/cap, which is almost 30 times lower than the average for Sub-Saharan Africa.
Total energy consumption is increasing regularly, but at a slow pace (+0.6%/year since 2012).
Issues & Prospects
Chad and several central African countries (Angola, Cameroon, Congo, Congo (DRC), Equatorial Guinea, and Gabon) have agreed to build three gas pipelines measuring about 6,500 km by 2030, as well as storage depots, liquefied natural gas terminals, at least three refineries, and gas-fired power plants. The countries signed an MoU, which paves the way for feasibility studies.
- GRAPH 1: CO2-Energy emissions (MtCO2)
- GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %)
- GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
- GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2020, %)
- GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
- GRAPH 6: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
- GRAPH 7: Total consumption market share by energy (2020, %)
- GRAPH 8: Final consumption market share by sector (2020 %)
- Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
- Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
- Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
- Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
- Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.
The Chad energy market data since 1990 and up to
is included in the Excel file accompanying the Chad country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.
Key Data included in the excelsheet:
- Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
- Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
- Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
- Energy Balance: total and per energy.
- Chad Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Chad energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).