Chad energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Chad energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2018 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Chad energy report
August 2020
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
24 (Report only)

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  • The energy policy prioritises the exploitation of oil resources and, more recently, the development of solar power.
  • Several international oil companies operate in the oil exploration sector, including ExxonMobil, Petronas, and CNPC.
  • Electricity production has remained stable since 2012. The electrification rate is among the lowest of the region (around 12%).
  • Motor fuel oil prices are among the lowest in the Sub Saharan African countries.
  • The country has one of the lowest energy consumptions per capita in the world, which is mainly supplied from biomass.
  • Two IPP solar PV projects of 60 MW and 40 MW should be implemented in the country.


electrification rate

0.14 toe/cap

one of lowest consumptions worldwide


growth in electricity capacity between 2009 and 2012


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Petroleum and Energy is in charge of the energy sector and coordinates the country's energy policy. The Ministry of Finance defines the taxation on energy products.

  • Energy Companies


    SNE, Société Nationale d'Electricité (State 81%, French Development Agency -AFD- 19%) is the national electricity company. The company was renationalised in 2004 following the withdrawal of Vivendi, which had managed the company between 2001 and 2004.

  • Energy Supply


    Oil production has been decreasing slightly since 2015 to 5 Mt in 2018. It had previously fallen by a factor of nearly 2 between 2005 (8.7 Mt) and 2014 (4.4 Mt). That decrease was due to technical difficulties and upwelling which led to the cessation of production on several fields. Production started in 2003.

  • Energy Prices


    The prices of motor fuels are set by the Government and are similar to those of neighbouring Sub Saharan African countries. In 2019, gasoline and diesel prices stood at US$0.89/l and US$0.95/l.


  • Energy Consumption

    The energy consumption per capita is around 0.15 toe and 13 kWh for electricity (2018).

    Total energy consumption is increasing regularly, but at a slow pace (+2.1%/year since 2000).

    Traditional energies account for a large part of the energy consumed (81% in 2018). Oil represents 19% of the country's total energy consumption.

  • Issues & Prospects


    In 2017, SHT started construction in the Kanem area of the Sedigui refinery, with a capacity of 2000 bbl/day, and of the Rig-Rig gas plant, with a capacity of 400 000 m3 of gas per day (0.15 bcm/year). It should be operational in 2020. Two 312 km pipelines will transport natural gas and butane to the capital city.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Chad energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-Energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2018, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2018, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 7: Total consumption market share by energy (2018, %)
  • GRAPH 8: Final consumption market share by sector (2018 %)

List of Tables

In the Chad energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Chad energy market data since 1990 and up to 2018 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Chad country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Chad Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Chad energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Chad country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


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