Chad energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Chad energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Chad energy report
November 2021
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
26 (Report only)

Immediate by e-mail

 790 € 

Price without VAT. Depending on your statute and location, VAT might be applicable. Get in touch with us for more information.

After validation, you will immediately receive 3 files by email (one pdf report and 2 excel files containing the datasets).



  • The country opened its power sector to competition in 2019.
  • Chad targets 38% of renewables in its energy mix by 2030.
  • Independent power producers account for around 50% of the electricity supplied by the state-owned power utility SNE.
  • The CNPC-led consortium is the largest oil producer (70% of total production).
  • SHT, the national oil company, has stakes in all consortiums.
  • Around 60% of the installed capacity (270 MW) is used to supply oil fields and the refinery.
  • Oil production has increased by 14%/year since 2018, reaching 126 kb/d of oil in 2019.
  • Fuel prices and power tariffs are set by the government.
  • Chad has one of the lowest energy consumptions per capita in the world.
  • Biomass accounts for 82% of total energy consumption.
  • A power interconnection is planned between Chad and Cameroon.
  • Almost 140 MW of solar projects are currently under construction.


increase in oil production since 2017

13 kWh

electricity consumption per capita


electrification rate


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Petroleum and Energy is responsible for the energy sector and coordinates the country's energy policy.

    Chad is a member of the Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC). The country joined the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) in 2010.

  • Energy Companies


    The state-owned national oil and gas company Société des hydrocarbures du Tchad (SHT) was created in 2006 to implement the country's industrial and commercial policy for hydrocarbon resources. It has stakes in all consortiums.

  • Energy Supply


    The country has oil and gas reserves: 200 Mt of crude oil and 1 bcm of natural gas. It also has an important solar potential (sunshine duration of 2 900-3 900 hours/year) and substantial wind resources (wind speed of 2 m/s to more than 7 m/s).

    The country's forest area declined from 5.5 M hectares in 2010 to 4.3 M hectares in 2020 (-22%).

  • Energy Prices


    Electricity tariffs vary depending on voltage and the amount of electricity consumed from XAF83/kWh (US$15c/kWh) to XAF211/kWh (US$37c/kWh). In 2017, the average electricity price reached XAF139/kWh (US$25c/kWh).

  • Energy Consumption

    The energy consumption per capita in 2019 was around 0.15 toe/cap (3.7 times lower than the average for Sub-Saharan Africa). The electricity consumption per capita in 2019 reached 13 kWh/cap, which is almost 30 times lower than the average for Sub-Saharan Africa.

    Total energy consumption is increasing regularly, but at a slow pace (+1%/year since 2012).

  • Issues & Prospects


    According to the World Bank, electricity demand is projected to increase by 17%/year to about 1.1 TWh by 2030 (i.e., 5.5 times higher than in 2019). The country's NDC foresees the installation of a 210 MW gas-fired power plant in N'Gouri, two 15 MW biomass-fired power plants, a capacity of 465 MW of solar, 120 MW of solar-diesel projects, and 100 MW of wind.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Chad energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-Energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 7: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 8: Final consumption market share by sector (2019 %)

List of Tables

In the Chad energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Chad energy market data since 1990 and up to 2019 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Chad country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Chad Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Chad energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Chad country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


Shopping cart

Your shopping cart is empty.

Secured payment by Banque Populaire des Alpes CB VISA MASTERCARD