Brazil Energy Information
Brazil Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -4.4 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 1.81 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 16.7%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Brazil energy report
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Brazil Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
With a per capita consumption of 1.3 toe (2020), Brazil is within the average range for semi-industrialised countries but well below the European average of 3 toe.
Total energy consumption remained roughly stable between 2016 and 2019 and decreased by only 2% in 2020 to 286 Mtoe. It increased at a fairly rapid pace between 2000 and 2014 (3.5%/year, on average).
Interactive Chart Brazil Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
The country's oil production grew at the rapid pace of 4.5%/year between 2000 and 2017, bringing it to 137 Mt; it decreased slightly in 2018 (-1.4%) and rebounded in 2019 (+7%) and 2020 (+7%) to 156 Mt. On average, 60% of production comes from the pre-salt.
The country is a net exporter of crude oil (net exports of 67 Mt in 2020): crude oil exports have been increasing by around 21%/year since 2014, reaching 73 Mt in 2020. Exports are mainly directed towards China (63% in 2019) and the United States (14%).
Interactive Chart Brazil Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil product consumption has been decreasing rapidly since 2014 (-4%/year) to 97 Mt in 2020. It increased strongly between 2003 and 2014 (+3%/year, on average).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
The transport sector is the main oil consumer (60% of consumption), followed by industry (11%), the residential-tertiary sector (13%), non-energy uses (12%), power plants (2%), and the hydrocarbon industry (2%).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Brazil Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas demand decreased by 22% to 33 bcm between 2014 and 2020 (-8% in 2020). It rose at the strong pace of 12%/year between 1999 and 2014, mainly due to the power sector and, to a lesser extent, industry.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Industry accounts for 28% of the demand and power plants for 37%.
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Brazil Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption has been dropping by 4%/year since 2015, reaching 22.5 Mt in 2020. It reached a peak at 30 Mt in 2015, after a steady increase between 2009 and 2015.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Industry accounts for 68% of demand, while the remainder is used to produce electricity.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Brazil Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption increased by 1%/year between 2014 and 2019 and then decreased by 2% in 2020 to 529 TWh. It increased at the rapid pace of 4.2%/year, on average, between 2001 and 2014. Almost all households are electrified. Electricity accounts for 19% of final energy consumption.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The 10-Year Energy Expansion Plan 2030 (Plan Decenal de Expansão de Energia 2030, PDE 2030), forecasts a 48% share of renewables in the energy mix in 2030.
Since 2009, new contracts for wind, biomass and small hydro plant projects are awarded through competitive bidding. Under certain conditions, renewable power plants can benefit from feed-in tariffs (FITs).
Interactive Chart Brazil Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
GHG emissions reached 2.2 GtCO2eq in 2019 with the energy sector being responsible for 19% of the total and industrial processes for 5%. Land use is responsible for the largest share of emissions (72%). Emissions from the energy sector have been decreasing since 2014 (-10%) and doubled between 1990 and 2014.
In its NDC (2016), Brazil aims to cut GHG emissions by 37% by 2025, compared to 2005 levels, and to reach a 43% reduction by 2030. It also committed to source 45% of its energy supply from renewables by 2030, up from 40% in 2014.
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