Brazil Energy Information
2019 Brazil Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 1.13 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
* at purchasing power parity
CO2 Emissions: 1.94 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 16.3%
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Brazil Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
With a per capita consumption of 1.4 toe (2019), Brazil is within the average range for semi-industrialised countries but well below the European average of 3.1 toe.
Total energy consumption has remained stable since 2016 (290 Mtoe in 2019) after a decrease in 2015 and 2016. It increased at a fairly rapid pace between 2000 and 2014 (3.5%/year, on average). it
Interactive Chart Brazil Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
The country's oil production grew at the rapid pace of 4.5%/year between 2000 and 2017, bringing it to 137 Mt; it decreased slightly in 2018 (-1.4%) and recovered in 2019 (+7%) to 146 Mt. On average, 60% of production comes from the pre-salt.
The country is a net exporter of crude oil (net exports of 45 Mt in 2018): crude oil exports have tripled since 2013, reaching 52 Mt in 2019. Exports are mainly directed towards China (55% in 2018) and the Unites States (12%).
Interactive Chart Brazil Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil product demand has been decreasing rapidly since 2014 (-3%/year) to 100 Mt in 2019. It increased strongly between 2003 and 2014 (+4%/year, on average).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
The transport sector is the main oil consumer (60% of consumption), followed by industry (23%). The residential-tertiary sector, power plants and other uses share the remaining quarter (10%, 1%, and 6%, respectively).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Brazil Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas demand decreased by 16% to 36 bcm between 2014 and 2019 (-1% in 2019). It rose at the strong pace of 12%/year between 1999 and 2014, mainly due to the power sector and, to a lesser extent, industry.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Industry accounts for 29% of the demand and power plants for 36%.
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Brazil Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption has been stable since 2016 (28 Mt in 2019). It reached a peak at 30 Mt in 2015, after a steady increase between 2009 and 2015.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Industry accounts for 65% of demand, while the remainder is used to produce electricity.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Brazil Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption has been increasing since 2017 by 1%/year, reaching 536 TWh in 2019. It increased at the rapid pace of 4.2%/year, on average, between 2001 and 2014. Almost all households are electrified. Electricity accounts for 19% of final energy consumption.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Sectoral shares have remained roughly stable over the last decade. Industry absorbs 38% of the consumption (26% for residential sector and 26% for services).
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The MME issued the 10-Year Energy Expansion Plan 2029 (Plan Decenal de Expansão de Energia 2029, PDE 2029), which forecasts a 48% share of renewables in the energy mix in 2029. Plans and targets have also been set at the state level. For instance, in 2013, Sao Paulo State set an increase in the share of renewables in its energy mix from 56% to 69% in 2020.
Since 2009, new contracts for wind, biomass and small hydro plant projects are awarded through competitive bidding. Under certain conditions, renewable power plants can benefit from feed-in tariffs (FITs).
Interactive Chart Brazil Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
GHG emissions, as published by the National GHG emission registration system (SIRENE), have been decreasing since 2004 and reached 1 370 MtCO2eq in 2015 (latest data available). They were 50% lower than in 2005 and 2% below their 1990 level. The energy sector accounted for 33% of this total, agriculture for 31%, and land and forest use for 24%.
In its NDC (2016), Brazil aims to cut GHG emissions by 37% by 2025, compared to 2005 levels, and to reach a 43% reduction by 2030. It also committed to source 45% of its energy supply from renewables by 2030, up from 40% in 2014.
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