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Belgium Energy Information

Belgium Key Figures

Population: 11.4 million
GDP growth rate: 1.43 %/year
Energy independence: 22.0%

Data of the last year available: 2018
Total consumption/GDP:* 77.0 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 8.46 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.44%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the Belgium energy report

Belgium Related News

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Belgium Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

Total energy consumption per capita is 55% higher than the EU average, at 4.8 toe (2019). The difference is mainly due to a higher final consumption per capita (+1.3 toe). Electricity consumption per capita is 31% above the EU average and amounted to around 7 250 kWh in 2019.

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Graph: TOTAL CONSUMPTION MARKET SHARE BY ENERGY (2019, %)

Interactive Chart Belgium Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Belgium energy report

Crude Oil Production

All the oil is imported (63 Mt in 2019). Crude oil accounts for around 54% of oil imports. Petroleum products (46% of oil imports) are imported from the Netherlands (37%), Saudi Arabia (11%), and Russia (11%).

Interactive Chart Belgium Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Oil Products Consumption

Oil consumption has been decreasing by 2.3%/year since 2015, driven by the industrial sector.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

In 2019, transport represented 42% of the oil consumption, industry 35%, and residential services & agriculture 17%.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)

Interactive Chart Belgium Refined Oil Products Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Natural Gas Consumption

Since 2015, gas consumption has been increasing by 3.2%/year on average to 19 bcm in 2019.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Buildings (residential and services sector) accounted for 37% of total gas consumption; the remaining amount is consumed in industry (35%) and in electricity production (25%) (2019).

Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)

Interactive Chart Belgium Natural Gas Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on the LNG trade, you can request a sample of our EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

Coal Consumption

Coal consumption has been declining since 1990, reaching 4.4 Mt in 2019.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Industry is the main coal consumer with a share of 75% (42% in 2009), followed by power plants with only 15% compared to 44% in 2009.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)

Interactive Chart Belgium Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed consumption trends at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Belgium energy report

Power Consumption

Electricity consumption has remained roughly stable since 2010, at around 83 TWh/year.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

The industrial sector accounts for 47% of the country's electricity consumption, compared to 26% for the services and 22% for the residential sectors (2019).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)

Renewable in % Electricity Production

In accordance with the European Directive on renewables, the national target is to increase the share of renewables in final consumption to 13% in 2020 (including 10% in transport, nearly 12% in heating and cooling and nearly 21% in electricity) (9.4% reached in 2018).

Interactive Chart Belgium Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Learn more about renewables in the European Renewable Energy Report

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

GHG emissions have remained stable since 2015 at around 83 MtCO2eq, which is 19% below their 1990 level.

The policies to fight Climate Change are defined at the federal level, while the implementation is split between the State and the regions: each region has its own climate plan and target. The National Climate Commission (NCC) controls the implementation of the National Climate Plan, although the 2013-2020 plan has not yet been released because of effort-sharing issues between the State and the regions (the last National Climate Plan was issued in 2009).

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