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Belgium Energy Information

Belgium Key Figures

Population: 11.6 million
GDP growth rate: 3.90 %/year
Energy independence: 32.1%

Data of the last year available: 2021
Total consumption/GDP:* 80.5 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 7.99 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.11%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the Belgium energy report

Belgium Related News

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Belgium Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

Total energy consumption per capita is around 60%higher than the EU average, at 4.8 toe in 2021. Electricity consumption per capita is a third above the EU average and amounted to around 7 200 kWh in 2021.

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Graph: TOTAL CONSUMPTION MARKET SHARE BY ENERGY (2021, %)

Interactive Chart Belgium Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Belgium energy report

Crude Oil Production

All the oil is imported (57 Mt in 2021). Crude oil accounts for around 55% of oil imports. In 2021, around 2/3 of crude oil was imported from Russia (29%), Norway (17%), the UK (10%), and Saudi Arabia (8%).

There are four refineries, all located in Anvers, with a total capacity of (837 kb/d). The refineries are focused on diesel production (around half of total production).

Interactive Chart Belgium Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Oil Products Consumption

Oil consumption rebounded by 9% to 19 Mt in 2021 after a 10% decrease in 2020. Previously, oil consumption declined by 1.2%/year over 2015-2019.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

In 2021, industry (including non-energy uses) represented 39% of the oil consumption, transport 37% (39% in 2020), and residential services & agriculture 18%.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)

Interactive Chart Belgium Refined Oil Products Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Natural Gas Consumption

Since 2015, gas consumption has been increasing by 1.2%/year on average (+0.5% in 2021) to 18.5 bcm in 2021.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Buildings (residential and services sector) accounted for 37% of total gas consumption; the remaining amount is mainly consumed in industry (35%) and in electricity production (21%) (2021).

Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)

Interactive Chart Belgium Natural Gas Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on the LNG trade, you can request a sample of our EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

Coal Consumption

Coal consumption has been declining since 1990, reaching 3.6 Mt in 2020, but saw a slight 5% increase in 2021 to 3.8 Mt.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Industry is the main coal consumer, with a share of 78% (42% in 2009), followed by power plants with only 12% compared to 44% in 2009.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)

Interactive Chart Belgium Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed consumption trends at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Belgium energy report

Power Consumption

Electricity consumption remained roughly stable between 2010 and 2018, at around 83 TWh/year, and decreased by 1.6%/year until 2020 before increasing by about 3% in 2021 to 83 TWh.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

The industrial sector accounts for 45% of the country's electricity consumption, compared to 26% for services and 23% for the residential sector (2021).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)

Renewable in % Electricity Production

Belgium was 1 point short of its 2020 target for a 13% share of renewables in final consumption, but reached its objective for transport (11% vs a target of 10%). The target set in the NECP is 17.5% in 2030.

Interactive Chart Belgium Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Learn more about renewables in the European Renewable Energy Report

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

GHG emissions (excl. LULUCF) have remained stable since 2015 at around 115 MtCO2eq, which is 23% below their 1990 level.

The policies to fight Climate Change are defined at the federal level, while the implementation is split between the State and the regions: each region has its own climate plan and target. The National Climate Commission (NCC) controls the implementation of the National Climate Plan.

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