Belgium Energy Information
Belgium Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -6.2 %/year
Energy independence: 27.0%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 7.86 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.31%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Belgium energy report
Belgium Related News
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Belgium Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Total energy consumption per capita is 57% higher than the EU average, at 4.5 toe (2020). Electricity consumption per capita is a third above the EU average and amounted to around 7 100 kWh in 2020.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Graph: TOTAL CONSUMPTION MARKET SHARE BY ENERGY (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Belgium Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
All the oil is imported (54 Mt in 2020). Crude oil accounts for around 53% of oil imports. Oil products are imported from Russia (32%), Saudi Arabia (19%), and Norway and Nigeria (9% each).
There are four refineries, all located in Anvers with a total capacity of (837 kb/d). The refineries are focused on diesel production (47% of the production in 2020).
Interactive Chart Belgium Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil consumption has been decreasing by 5.4%/year since 2019 (including -7% in 2020), driven by the industrial sector. Previously, oil consumption declined by 1.2%/year over 2015-2019.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
In 2020, industry (including non-energy uses) represented 41% of the oil consumption, transport 39% (42% in 2019), and residential services & agriculture 16%.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Belgium Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Since 2015, gas consumption has been increasing by 2.9%/year (+0.6% in 2020) on average to 19 bcm in 2020.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Buildings (residential and services sector) accounted for 37% of total gas consumption; the remaining amount is consumed in industry (33%) and in electricity production (27%) (2020).
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Belgium Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption has been declining since 1990, reaching 3.6 Mt in 2020.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Industry is the main coal consumer with a share of 77% (42% in 2009), followed by power plants with only 14% compared to 44% in 2009.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Belgium Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption has remained roughly stable between 2010 and 2018, at around 83 TWh/year, and decreased by 1.6%/year since then).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
The industrial sector accounts for 45% of the country's electricity consumption, compared to 26% for services and 23% for the residential sector (2020).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
In accordance with the European Directive on renewables, the national target was to increase the share of renewables in final consumption to 13% in 2020 (including 10% in transport, nearly 12% for heating and cooling and nearly 21% in electricity); 9.9% reached in 2019, of which 6.8% in transport, 8.3% in heating and cooling, and 20.8% in electricity. The target set in the NECP is 17.5% in 2030.
Interactive Chart Belgium Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
GHG emissions (excl. LULUCF) have remained stable since 2015 at around 115 MtCO2eq, which is 23% below their 1990 level,
The policies to fight Climate Change are defined at the federal level, while the implementation is split between the State and the regions: each region has its own climate plan and target. The National Climate Commission (NCC) controls the implementation of the National Climate Plan.
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