Uruguay Energy Information
Uruguay Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -4.5 %/year
Energy independence: 59.4%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 1.80 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 9.10%
* at purchasing power parity
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Uruguay Related News
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Uruguay Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
The average primary energy consumption per capita is 1.5 toe, including around 3 300 kWh/cap (2020).
Uruguay's total consumption increased on average by 4.3%/year between 2010 and 2016 and has remained roughly stable since then (5.2 Mtoe in 2020).
Biomass is the main energy source in the total energy mix (43% in 2020 up from 33% in 2010). Oil represented 40% in 2020 (-9 points compared to 2010). Including hydro wind, and solar (16% in 2020), the share of renewables increased from 50% in 2010 to 59% in 2020.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Uruguay Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Most of the oil imports consist of crude oil. The only refinery in the country, Teja, has a capacity of 50 kb/d. In 2020, the volume of crude oil acquired was 2 Mt, recovering average levels since the 0.5 Mt of imports registered in 2017 due to programmed maintenance of the refinery. Oil came mostly from USA (58%), Angola (26%), and Nigeria (13%). Imports of oil products in 2020 were marginal (0.35 Mt of net imports in 2020).
Interactive Chart Uruguay Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The target set in the National Energy Policy 2005-2030 to reach a 50% share of renewables in total primary consumption in 2015 (compared with 35% in 2005) was achieved in 2014 with renewables accounting for 58% of the primary consumption; the additional goal of 1.2 GW of wind capacity was reached in 2016.
Measures set to promote renewables include a call for RES tenders and a Feed-in Tariff (FiT) scheme for wind.
Foreign investments in renewables are made through the Investment and Export Promotion Agency.
Interactive Chart Uruguay Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In 2017, Uruguay submitted its NDC following the COP21. The target is to achieve an intensity reduction for CO2 energy related emissions of 24% by 2030 (compared to 1990), by means of domestic resources; the target could be raised to 29% with additional means of implementation. The NDC also includes targets for other GHG.
In 2019, Uruguay committed to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050. The country also foresees that its emissions will be cut in half (compared to 1990 levels) by 2025 due to a large deployment of RES.
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