United States Energy Information
United States Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -3.5 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 13.3 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 5.73%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the United States energy report
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United States Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Per capita consumption is around 6.2 toe/cap (including 12 MWh/cap of electricity) in 2020, which is about 60% higher than the OECD average.
The country's total consumption had remained relatively stable between 2010 and 2019 and but declined by 8% in 2020, to 2046 Mtoe. The United States is the 2nd largest energy consumer in the world, since it was overtaken by China in 2009.
Interactive Chart United States Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production (crude and NGL) has increased by 45% between 2016 and 2019 (11%/year), before dropping by 3% in 2020 to reach 722 Mt. Non-conventional sources currently account for close to 50% of total oil production. The United States is the largest oil producer in the world. Oil production is concentrated in onshore Texas, around the Gulf of Mexico, North Dakota, California, and Alaska.
Interactive Chart United States Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil consumption had been increasing moderately since 2012 (1%/year) but dropped significantly (-12%) to 678 Mt in 2020, mainly as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. It stands significantly below its 2004 level (880 Mt).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Interactive Chart United States Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas consumption started increasing at an average rate of 2%/year between 2006 and 2016, before rising sharply by 11% in 2018. It has decreased marginally in 2020 by 1% to 871 bcm, after a small increase in 2019 (+3%) The upward trend of natural gas is largely due to fuel switching from coal especially in power generation.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Interactive Chart United States Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal and lignite consumption has been declining sharply since 2008, dropping by almost 60% (-33% since 2018) from 1 020 Mt to 419 Mt in 2020.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
The power sector accounts for most of the coal consumption (92%); the rest of the energy sector and industry consume the remainder.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart United States Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption has slightly increased between 2010 and 2019 (0.6%/year) and declined by 5% in 2020, reaching 3 840 TWh.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
The main consuming sectors are the services and residential sectors (76%), followed by industry (20%).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The objective of a share of 20% of renewables in the power mix in 2020 was reached; it implied a twofold increase compared to 2012.
Interactive Chart United States Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In April 2021, the US administration has pledged to reduce the country's GHG emissions by 50-52% below 2005 levels by 2030. In addition, they included this target in its updated NDC. This is twice higher than the previous objective, included in the country's first NDC (-26-28% below 2005 levels). In 2016, the US (representing around 18% of global GHG emissions) formally ratified the Paris agreement on climate change. The Trump administration withdrew from the Agreement in November 2020, President Biden recommitted to the Agreement in January 2021.
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