United States Energy Information
United States Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 5.68 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2021
CO2 Emissions: 14.1 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 5.34%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy Consumption
Per capita consumption was around 6.4 toe/cap (including 12 MWh/cap of electricity) in 2021, which is more than 60% higher than the OECD average.
The country's total consumption remained relatively stable between 2010 and 2019: after an 8% dip in 2020, it bounced back by 4% in 2021 to 2.1 Gtoe, i.e. 4% below its 2019 level. The United States is the 2nd largest energy consumer in the world, since it was overtaken by China in 2009.
Interactive Chart United States Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production (crude and NGL) increased by an average of 10%/year between 2011 and 2019 before dropping by 5% in 2020. In 2021, production increased by only 1%, reaching 714 Mt. Non-conventional sources currently account for around 50% of total oil production. In 2021, the United States was the largest oil producer in the world. Oil production is concentrated in onshore Texas, around the Gulf of Mexico, North Dakota, California, and Alaska.
Interactive Chart United States Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil consumption increased moderately between 2012 and 2019 (1%/year), but dropped significantly in 2020 (-15%) to 699 Mt, mainly as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. It recovered partially in 2021 (+7.5%) to stand at 757 Mt (significantly below its 2004 peak of 880 Mt).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Interactive Chart United States Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas consumption increased at an average rate of 3%/year between 2009 and 2019. It has decreased since then by 4% (of which, -1% in 2021) to 858 bcm. The upward trend in natural gas has been largely due to fuel switching from coal, especially in power generation.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Electricity generation (39%) and buildings (residential-service sectors) (26%) are the main consuming sectors, followed by industry (21%, excluding non-energy uses).
Interactive Chart United States Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal and lignite consumption has been declining sharply since 2008, dropping by almost 60% until 2020 before a 14% rebound in 2021, when it reached 494 Mt.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
The power sector accounts for most of the coal and lignite consumption (93%); the rest of the energy sector and industry consume the remainder.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)
Interactive Chart United States Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption has been relatively stable since 2010 (0.2%/year). It increased by 2% in 2021, reaching 3 980 TWh, following a small 1.5% dip in 2020.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
The main consuming sectors are the services and residential sectors (77%), followed by industry (20%).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The objective of a 20% share of renewables in the power mix in 2020 was reached and no further objectives were formulated on a federal level.
Ten states plus Washington DC, Puerto Rico, and Guam have adopted a target of 100% of renewables in the power mix: Washington DC in 2032, Oregon in 2040, California, Hawaii, New Mexico, Virginia, Washington and Guam in 2045, Columbia, Maine, Nevada and Puerto Rico in 2050.
Interactive Chart United States Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In 2021, the US administration has pledged to reduce the country's GHG emissions by 50-52% below 2005 levels by 2030. This target was also included in the country's new NDC and doubles that set forth in the first NDC (-26-28% below 2005 levels). In 2016, the US (representing around 18% of global GHG emissions) formally ratified the Paris agreement on climate change. The Trump administration withdrew from the Agreement in November 2020, but President Biden recommitted to the Agreement in 2021.
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