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United Kingdom Energy Information

United Kingdom Key Figures

Population: 67.6 million
GDP growth rate: 5.10 %/year
Energy independence: 64.8%

Data of the last year available: 2021
Total consumption/GDP:* 59.9 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 4.75 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 8.20%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the United Kingdom energy report

United Kingdom Related News

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United Kingdom Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

Consumption per capita has shrunk by almost a third since 2000, bringing it to 2.3 toe in 2021. Electricity consumption per capita dropped by more than 20%, from 5 800 kWh in 2000 to 4 300 kWh in 2020.

In 2021, energy consumption rebounded by 2% to 156 Mtoe, after an 11% drop in 2020. Previously, between 2003 and 2019, energy consumption decreased by almost 2%/year.

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Interactive Chart United Kingdom Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the United Kingdom energy report

Crude Oil Production

Since 2019, crude oil production has declined by 12%/year, reaching 40 Mt in 2021. Previously, it rebounded by 5.5%/year between 2014 and 2019 from 40 Mt to 52 Mt. Over 1999-2014, oil production decreased by 8%/year from a peak of 137 Mt to 40 Mt.

The UK became a net crude oil importer in 2005 and imported a net amount of 8 Mt in 2021.

Interactive Chart United Kingdom Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Oil Products Consumption

Oil consumption rebounded by 6% in 2021 after a 15% decrease in 2020. Previously, oil consumption declined by 2%/year between 2017 and 2019 after a 2%/year increase between 2013 and 2017, led by the transport and petrochemical sectors. Over 2005-2013, oil consumption decreased by around 3%/year.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

In 2021, transport accounted for 64% of oil consumption (69% in 2000) and industry for 13% (including non-energy uses, 28% in 2000).

Interactive Chart United Kingdom Refined Oil Products Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Natural Gas Consumption

Since 2016, natural gas consumption is relatively stable at around 80 bcm, except in 2020 when it fell to 73 bcm. Previously, gas consumption increased by 14% between 2014 and 2016, after a 30% decline over 2004-2014.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Interactive Chart United Kingdom Natural Gas Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on the LNG trade, you can request a sample of our EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

Coal Consumption

Coal consumption increased by 4% in 2021 to 8.6 Mt following a slight rebound in coal-fired generation. Previously, it decreased by 21%/year between 2012 and 2020 because of the closure of numerous coal-fired power plants.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

The power sector accounted for 40% of coal consumption in 2020, down from 88% in 2012.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)

Interactive Chart United Kingdom Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed consumption trends at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the United Kingdom energy report

Power Consumption

Electricity consumption rebounded by 1.5% in 2021 to 293 TWh, after a 4.5% drop in 2020. Between 2005 and 2019, electricity consumption declined on average by 1.2%/year.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Households are the main electricity consumers (37%) followed by industry (29%) and services (27%).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)

Renewable in % Electricity Production

In 2020, the National Infrastructure Commission (NIC) updated its target for deployment of renewables as part of a carbon-free electricity system, from 50% to 65% of the power mix by 2030 (42% in 2021).In October 2021, the country vowed to reach 100% of its power from emission-free sources by 2035. The new target, which has not yet been included in a government plan, could be achieved through in advances wind power and other renewable sources.

Interactive Chart United Kingdom Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Learn more about renewables in the European Renewable Energy Report

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

GHG emissions have been decreasing rapidly since 1990. After a sharp 9.5% reduction in 2020, GHG emissions increased by 4.7% in 2021 to 424.5 MtCO2eq, according to preliminary figures, which is 47% below their 1990 level.

In its updated NDC (2020), the country aims to reduce its GHG emissions by 68% by 2030 from 1990 level, compared to 53% in the previous NDC target was. In April 2021, the country set into law a new reduction target of 78% in 2035.

In 2019, the United Kingdom adopted a law requiring net-zero GHG emissions by 2050.

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