United Kingdom Energy Information
United Kingdom Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -9.9 %/year
Energy independence: 75.6%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 4.52 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 8.82%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the United Kingdom energy report
United Kingdom Related News
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United Kingdom Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Consumption per capita has shrunk by almost a third since 2000, bringing it to 2.3 toe in 2020. Electricity consumption per capita dropped by more than 20%, from 5 800 kWh in 2000 to 4 200 kWh in 2019.
Total energy consumption decreased by almost 2%/year over 2006-2019 and by around 9% in 2020 to 154 Mtoe.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart United Kingdom Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Crude oil production decreased by 7% in 2020 to 48 Mt, following a 5.5%/year rebound between 2014 and 2019. Previously, it decreased by around 8%/year between 2000 and 2014, from 137 Mt to 40 Mt.
The UK became a net crude oil importer in 2005 and imported a net amount of 0.4 Mt in 2020, down from 29.5 Mt in 2012. In 2020, around two thirds of crude oil imports (40 Mt) came from Norway (34%) and the United States (32%).
Interactive Chart United Kingdom Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil consumption declined by 15% in 2020, after a 2%/year decrease between 2017 and 2019 and a 5% increase between 2013 and 2017, led by the transport and petrochemical sectors. Over 2005-2013, oil consumption decreased by around 3%/year.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
In 2019, transport accounted for 64% of oil consumption (69% in 2000) and industry for 16% (including non-energy uses, 28% in 2000).
Graph: PETROLEUM PRODUCTS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart United Kingdom Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Natural gas consumption fell by 5% in 2020 to 73 bcm, after a period of relative stability between 2016 and 2019 around 80 bcm. Previously, gas consumption increased by 14% between 2014 and 2016, after a 30% decline over 2004-2014.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Interactive Chart United Kingdom Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption dropped by almost 90% between 2012 and 2020 to 8.2 Mt because of the closure of numerous coal-fired power plants.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
The power sector accounted for 31% of coal consumption in 2020, down from 88% in 2012.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart United Kingdom Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption fell by 5% in 2020 to 286 TWh, after a period of stability between 2014 and 2019 (302 TWh in 2019). It fell by 1.3%/year between its peak of 357 TWh in 2005 and 2014.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
The electricity consumption split between sectors was impacted by the Covid-19 pandemic: households are the main electricity consumers (38%, + 4% points compared to 2019) followed by industry (29%, -1% point) and services (28%, -2% points).
Renewable in % Electricity Production
In 2020, the National Infrastructure Commission (NIC) updated its target for deployment of renewables as part of a low-cost low carbon electricity system, from 50% to 65% of the power mix by 2030 (47% in 2020).
In October 2021, the country vowed to reach 100% of its power from emission-free sources by 2035. The new target, which has not yet been included in a government plan, could be achieved through in advances wind power and other renewable sources.
Interactive Chart United Kingdom Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
GHG emissions have been decreasing rapidly since 1990 and were in 2019 45% below their 1990 level according to provisional figures. In 2020, GHG emissions declined by 8.9% to 414 MtCO2eq, which is 49% below their 1990 level.
In December 2020, the UK updated its NDC. The country aims to reduce its GHG emissions by 68% by 2030 from 1990 level, compared to 53% in the previous NDC target was. In April 2021, the country set into law the new target to cut GHG emissions by 78% by 2035 compared to 1990 levels.
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