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United Kingdom energy report

United Kingdom energy report
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This analysis includes a comprehensive United Kingdom energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • The government intends to phase out coal by 2024 and reduce its GHG emissions by 78% by 2035, compared to 1990 levels.
  • Power supply is dominated by EDF and RWE. British Gas is the leading supplier on the retail electricity and gas market.
  • The share of carbon-free generation in the power mix has increased by 31 points since 2010 to 57% in 2021.
  • Almost the entire fleet of nuclear reactors should be decommissioned over the next decade.
  • The cap on the default tariff for gas and electricity was increased by 54% in April 2022.
  • The price of gas for industry rose by 24% in 2021.
  • Energy consumption rebounded by 4% in 2021, after a 5% drop in 2020.
  • Coal consumption has dropped by 90% since 2012.
  • The government plans to raise offshore wind capacity to 40 GW by 2030.
  • A planning application for the 2.2 GW Bradwell B nuclear plant is expected to be submitted in 2022.
  • There are 7 power interconnection projects totalling 7.7 GW under development.


in the world for wind offshore capacity


carbon free sources in the power mix


target of GHG emissions reduction in 2035

  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    TheDepartment for Business, Energy, and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) oversees energy and climate change policy.

    The gas and electricity sectors are regulated by the Office of Gas and Electricity Markets (Ofgem), except in Northern Ireland where the Utility Regulator oversees these markets.

  • Energy Supply


    Since 2019, crude oil production has declined by 12%/year, reaching 41 Mt in 2021. Previously, it rebounded by 5.5%/year between 2014 and 2019 from 40 Mt to 53 Mt. Over 1999-2014, oil production decreased by 8%/year from a peak of 137 Mt to 40 Mt.

    The UK became a net crude oil importer in 2005 and imported a net amount of 8 Mt in 2021.

  • Energy Prices


    Since 2017, industrial electricity prices increased by 8%/year and household prices by 5%/year.

    The average annual electricity prices for industry in the UK are around 14% above Germany in 2021 and 35% above France. Prices for households in the UK are 21% lower than in Germany but 25% higher than in France.

  • Energy Consumption

    Consumption per capita has shrunk by almost a third since 2000, bringing it to 2.3 toe in 2021. Electricity consumption per capita dropped by more than 20%, from 5 800 kWh in 2000 to 4 300 kWh in 2020.

  • Issues & Prospects

    According to the Sixth Carbon Budget (for 2033-37), outlined in December 2020, total GHG emissions would shrink by 6.1%/year on average over 2020-2035.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Petroleum products consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

The United Kingdom energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the United Kingdom country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • United Kingdom Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the United Kingdom energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The United Kingdom country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.