United Kingdom energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive United Kingdom energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

United Kingdom energy report
December 2020
4 files (PDF report, 3 Excel files)
45 (Report only)

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  • The government intends to phase out coal by 2024 and reduce its GHG emissions by 68% by 2030, compared to 1990 levels.
  • The power market is dominated by EDF and the gas market by Centrica, but their market share is weakening.
  • Gas-fired generation dominates the power mix (41% in 2019). The share of wind increased from 3% to 20% between 2010 and 2019, while the share of coal decreased from 28% to 2%.
  • The country is a net importer of crude oil and gas.
  • The country introduced a cap on the default tariff for gas and electricity in 2019.
  • Energy consumption has decreased by almost 2%/year since 2006.
  • Coal consumption dropped by more than 85% over 2012-2019.
  • The government plans to raise offshore wind capacity to 40 GW by 2030.
  • A planning application for the 2.2 GW Bradwell B nuclear plant is expected to be submitted in 2022.
  • There are 13 power interconnection projects under development, totalling 10 GW.


in the world for wind offshore capacity


carbon free sources in the power mix


of GHG emissions from 1990-2019


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    TheDepartment for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) oversees energy and climate change policy.

    The gas and electricity sectors are regulated by the Office of Gas and Electricity Markets (Ofgem), except in Northern Ireland where the Utility Regulator oversees these markets.

  • Energy Supply


    The UK has large oil and gas reserves, mainly located in the North Sea: 506 Mt for crude oil and 276 bcm for gas (at end-2019) that are declining rapidly (640 Mt and 1 200 bcm, respectively in 2000). Shale gas reserves have been estimated at 39 900 bcm by the British Geological Survey (BGS), with 37 600 bcm in the Bowland Shale and 2 300 bcm in the Weald Basin.

  • Energy Prices


    The price of motor fuels remained stable in 2019, after a 10% increase between 2016 and 2018, due to the rebound in crude oil prices. Over the first semester of 2020, gasoline and diesel prices decreased by 8-9%.

    In 2019, the gasoline price was in line with the EU average, while that of diesel was 11% above the EU average.

  • Energy Consumption

    Consumption per capita has shrunk by almost a third since 2000, bringing it to 2.5 toe in 2019. Electricity consumption per capita dropped by more than 20%, from 5 800 kWh in 2000 to 4 500 kWh in 2019.

    Total energy consumption has been decreasing by almost 2%/year since 2006 to 170 Mtoe in 2019.


  • Issues & Prospects

    According to the Sixth Carbon Budget (for 2033-37), outlined in December 2020, total GHG emissions would shrink by 6.1%/year on average over 2020-2035.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the United Kingdom energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Petroleum products consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)

List of Tables

In the United Kingdom energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The United Kingdom energy market data since 1990 and up to 2019 is included in the Excel file accompanying the United Kingdom country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • United Kingdom Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the United Kingdom energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The United Kingdom country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


Projections Data (Excel Sheet)

The United Kingdom country dashboards are complemented with country forecasts from EnerFuture (excel file) with scenario comparison.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Demand: Primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, by fuel, by sector.
  • Power: Electricity generation & capacities, by technology.
  • CO2: Total CO2 emissions.
  • Macro-economy: Main macro-economic assumptions.
  • Key indicators: Energy intensity, share of renewables, CO2 emissions per capita and per unit of GDP.

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