Ukraine Energy Information
Ukraine Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 3.40 %/year
Energy independence: 67.9%
Data of the last year available: 2021
CO2 Emissions: 3.56 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 11.5%
* at purchasing power parity
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Ukraine Related News
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Ukraine Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Ukraine's total energy consumption per capita fell from 4.9 toe in 1990 to 2.9 toe in 2010 and 2 toe in 2021, which is lower than the average for the EU (-35%). Electricity consumption per capacity is around 2 800 kWh, which is lower than the average for the EU (-51%). It dropped from its peak level of 4 400 kWh in 1990.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Ukraine Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Ukraine produced 2.5 Mt of crude oil in 2021 (stable), covering around 56% of its consumption.
Ukraine has a refining capacity of around 250 kb/d (12.5 Mt/year). However, the rate of utilisation of this capacity is very low (around 10%) and only 1.1 Mt of petroleum products were produced in 2021 (+10% compared to 2020).
Ukraine became a net importer of petroleum products in 2007 and imported 10 Mt in 2021 (+4.5% compared to 2020), ie around 80% of its needs. In 2021, imports mostly came from Belarus (44%), Russia (25%), and Lithuania (11%).
Interactive Chart Ukraine Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Starting in 2015, oil consumption increased by 5%/year to 13 Mt in 2021. It fell by 4.5%/year between 2004 and 2015.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
The share of transport in oil consumption decreased from 69% in 2013 to nearly 49% in 2021. The share of the hydrocarbon industry increased from 3% in 2008 to 26% in 2021.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)
Interactive Chart Ukraine Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Starting in 2005, natural gas consumption decreased by 5.9%/year to 26.6 bcm in 2021 (-67% over 2005-2021).
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
The residential and services sector is the main gas consumer since 2009 with a share of 33% (up from 22% in 2000), while that of district heating ("others") has shrunk from 46% in 2000 to 31% in 2021. The share of industry was 22% in 2021, followed by power plants (14%).
Interactive Chart Ukraine Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Since 2012, coal consumption has declined by 5.9%/year (-44%) to 40 Mt in 2020, mainly due to the civil war that has disrupted coal supply.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Coal is mainly used in power plants (51%, up from 43% in 2000) and industry (36%).
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)
Interactive Chart Ukraine Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption rebounded by 6% in 2021 to 124 TWh, after a decline of around 3%/year (-22%) between 2012 and 2020.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
SAEE is also in charge of implementing the policy on renewables and alternative fuels.
Interactive Chart Ukraine Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In 2019, Ukraine's GHG emissions (including LULUCF) were 62% lower than 1990 levels.
In its updated NDC (2021), Ukraine committed to cut its GHG emissions by 65% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels (including LULUCF) and to reach carbon neutrality by 2060.
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