Ukraine Energy Information
2019 Ukraine Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 3.17 %/year
Energy independence: 67.5%
* at purchasing power parity
CO2 Emissions: 3.97 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 12.1%
Ukraine Related News
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Ukraine Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Ukraine's total energy consumption per capita used to be rather high (4.7 toe/cap in 1992), but dropped sharply to only 2 toe/cap in 2019.
Electricity consumption per capacity is around 2 600 kWh, which is less than half that for Russia. It dropped from its peak level of 4 400 kWh in 1990.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Ukraine Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Ukraine produces a small and decreasing amount of crude oil, that covers 60% of its needs (2.6 Mt in 2019).
Ukraine has a refining capacity of 250 kb/d. However, the rate of utilisation of this capacity is low (around 30% in 2019).
In 2019, around 95% of petroleum products consumed in Ukraine were imported.
The Ukrainian oil pipeline network is composed of three main pipelines: Prydniprovski (southeast), Druzhba (northwest) and Pivdenni (southern region).
Since June 2019, Ukrainian importers must apply to the Russian Ministry of Energy for permission to import.
Interactive Chart Ukraine Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
After falling between 2004 and 2015, oil consumption has remained stable since then at around 10 Mt.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
The share of transport in oil consumption increased from 56% in 2000 to 72% in 2019, conversely to the share of industry, which contracted by 7 percentage points since 2000 to 12% in 2019. The share of the residential sector has remained steady at around 12%-13% since 2000.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Ukraine Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Natural gas consumption has been declining rapidly since 2005 (by an average of 7%/year), reaching 30 bcm.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
The residential and services sector is the main gas consumer since 2009 with a share of 38% (up from 22% in 2000), while that of district heating ("others") has shrunk by 17 percentage points since 2000 to 32% in 2019. The share of industry was 15% in 2019 and the share of power plants 15%.
Interactive Chart Ukraine Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption dropped by 36% (around 6%/year) between 2012 and 2017 from 71 Mt to 46 Mt, mainly due to the ongoing civil war.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Coal is mainly used in power plants (56%, up from 42% in 2005) and industry (31%).
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Ukraine Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Since 2012, electricity consumption has decreased on average by 3%/year, to 118 TWh in 2019.This trend is mainly due to the low economic activity and the sharp electricity price hikes. Previously, electricity consumption increased by an average of 2%/year between 2002 and 2011.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
SAEE is also in charge of implementing the policy on renewables and alternative fuels.
Ukraine approved its National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) in 2014. The NREAP aims for renewables to account for 11% of final energy consumption by 2020 (from 3.8% in 2009), including an 11% share for electricity, 12.4% for heating and 10% for transport.
Interactive Chart Ukraine Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
GHG emissions (excluding LULUCF) were 64% lower in 2018 than in 1990 but 5% higher than in 2017.
In its NDC, Ukraine committed to limit GHG emissions to 60% of the 1990 level in 2030.
CO2 emissions from energy combustion dropped by more than 40% between 2008 and 2019 to 177 Mt. They decreased by 55% between 1990 and 2000 and remained relatively stable at around 290-300 MtCO2 until 2008.
Ukraine has the highest CO2 intensity of GDP in constant US$ in the world (almost 10 times the EU value).
Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)
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