Tunisia Energy Information
Tunisia Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 0.98 %/year
Energy independence: 43.5%
Data of the last year available: 2019
CO2 Emissions: 2.26 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 17.5%
* at purchasing power parity
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Tunisia Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
The country's per capita consumption is almost 1 toe, which is 5 times lower than the EU average. Its per capita electricity consumption is 1 520 kWh (2019).
Total energy consumption has remained rather stable since 2017. It increased rapidly between 2000 and 2010 (by 3.5%/year) and more moderately over 2011- 2017 (2.4%/year),
Interactive Chart Tunisia Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production has decreased by 60% since 2007, from 4.6 Mt to 1.8 Mt in 2019. Oil production strongly increased in 2007 (+40%) through the exploitation of several small wells in southern Tunisia, mainly the offshore field of Oudna (80 km from the coastline in the Gulf of Hammamet, with a production of around 15 kb/d).
Interactive Chart Tunisia Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil product consumption increased very rapidly between 2012 and 2015, by 8%/year and has remained roughly stable since then (4.5 Mt in 2019). Transport accounts for 54% of this consumption (2019).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Tunisia Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas consumption has increased by 2.8%/year between 2014 and 2019 to 6.5 bcm. It grew very rapidly between 2000 and 2012 (over 6%/year) and remained stable until 2014.
The main gas market continues to be electricity production (71% in 2019).
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Tunisia Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption has almost completely disappeared. Coal was mainly used in the cement industry, where it was replaced by petroleum coke.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Tunisia Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption increased rapidly from 2000 to 2014 (by about 4%/year) before slowing down to an average progression of 2.6%/year. In 2019, electricity consumption stood at around 18 TWh. Industry accounts for about 34% of the consumption, followed by the residential sector (30%) and services (27%) (2019).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
In the framework of the Solar Plan, the Parliament adopted in 2015 a law on renewables aimed at covering 12% of its power mix with renewables by 2020 and 30% by 2030 (corresponding to a capacity of 3.8 GW and an investment of US$7.1bn between 2016 and 2030). With 3.5% of renewables in the power mix in 2019, the 2020 target will not be achieved.
Interactive Chart Tunisia Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In its NDC, Tunisia committed to a 13% carbon intensity reduction in 2030 compared to 2010 and a 41% reduction if international financing is provided.
CO2 emissions from fuel combustion have increased regularly by 3%/year between 1990 and 2017 and have remained stable since then (26.4 MtCO2 in 2019).
Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)
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