Tunisia Energy Information
Tunisia Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -9.2 %/year
Energy independence: 41.6%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 2.09 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 17.0%
* at purchasing power parity
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Tunisia Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
The country's per capita consumption is 0.9 toe, which is 3 times lower than the EU average but in the region's average. Its per capita electricity consumption is 1 405 kWh (2020) also close to the average value for North African countries (1 460 kWh).
Growth in total energy consumption has slowed down since 2010, from 3.5%/year between 2000 and 2010 to 1.7%/year over 2011-2019, and reached 11 Mtoe in 2019. It dropped by 6% in 2020.
Interactive Chart Tunisia Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production has decreased by around 60% since 2007, from 4.6 Mt to 1.8 Mt in 2020. Oil production strongly increased in 2007 (+40%) through the exploitation of several small wells in southern Tunisia, mainly the offshore field of Oudna (80 km from the coastline in the Gulf of Hammamet, with a production of around 15 kb/d).
Interactive Chart Tunisia Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil product consumption increased very rapidly between 2012 and 2015 (8%/year) and has slightly decreased since then (4.2 Mt in 2020). Transport accounts for 55% of this consumption (2020).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Tunisia Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas consumption decreased by 5% in 2020. It increased by 2.8%/year between 2014 and 2019 to 6.5 bcm. It grew very rapidly between 2000 and 2012 (over 6%/year) and remained stable until 2014.
The main gas market continues to be electricity production (74% in 2020).
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Tunisia Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption has almost completely disappeared. Coal was mainly used in the cement industry, where it was replaced by petroleum coke.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Tunisia Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption decreased by 6% in 2020. It increased strongly between 2010 and 2019 (by about 2.7%/year) to reach around 18 TWh.
The residential sector accounts for 33% of the consumption, followed by the industry (32%) and services (26%) (2020).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020,%)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
In the framework of the Solar Plan, the Parliament adopted a law on renewables in 2015 aimed at covering 12% of its power mix with renewables by 2020 and 30% by 2030 (corresponding to a capacity of 3.8 GW and an investment of US$7.1bn between 2016 and 2030). With 4% of renewables in the power mix in 2020, the 2020 target has not been reached, but the government considers feasible to achieve a share of 22% by 2025 based on recent new projects.
Interactive Chart Tunisia Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
Tunisia updated its NDC in 2021, setting an unconditional carbon intensity reduction target of 27% in 2030 compared to 2010 level and a conditional reduction target up to 45% with international support.
CO2 emissions from fuel combustion decreased by 6% in 2020 (to 24.8 MtCO2) due to the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the economy. They increased regularly by 3%/year between 1990 and 2017 and have remained stable until 2019 (26.4 MtCO2 in 2019).
Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)
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