Tunisia Energy Information
Tunisia Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 2.48 %/year
Energy independence: 46.7%
Data of the last year available: 2018
CO2 Emissions: 2.27 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 17.4%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Tunisia energy report
Tunisia Related News
View all news, archive your new and create your own daily newsletters only on your topics/countries of interest with Key Energy Intelligence
Tunisia Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
The country's per capita consumption is almost 1 toe, which is 5 times lower than the EU average. Its per capita electricity consumption is 1 425 kWh (2018).
Total energy consumption increased rapidly between 2000 and 2010 (by 3.5%/year) and more moderately since 2011 (around 2.3%/year).
Gas market share in total energy consumption increased rapidly between 2000 and 2010 (from 38% to around 49%) and has remained stable since then. Oil represents 40%, and renewables (mainly wood) 9% of the country's total consumption.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Tunisia Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Since 2007, oil production has decreased regularly, falling from 4.6 Mt to 2 Mt in 2018. Oil production strongly increased in 2007 (+40%) through the exploitation of several small wells in southern Tunisia, mainly the offshore field of Oudna (80 km from the coastline in the Gulf of Hammamet, with a production of around 15 000 bbl/d).
Interactive Chart Tunisia Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil product consumption increased very rapidly between 2012 and 2015, by 8%/year and has remined roughly stable since then (4.6 Mt in 2018). Transport accounts for 52% of this consumption (2018).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)
Interactive Chart Tunisia Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas consumption increased very strongly between 2000 and 2012 (over 6%/year) and remained roughly stable until 2014. It increased again by 3.4%/year starting in 2015 and stood at 6.5 bcm in 2018. The main gas market continues to be electricity production (67% in 2018).
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)
Interactive Chart Tunisia Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption has almost completely disappeared. Coal was mainly used in the cement industry, where it was replaced by petroleum coke.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)
Interactive Chart Tunisia Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption increased rapidly from 2000 to 2014 (by about 4%/year) before slowing down to an average progression of 2%/year. In 2018, electricity consumption stood at 16.6 TWh. Industry accounts for about 33% of the consumption, followed by the services sector (29%) and the residential sector (26%) (2018).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018,%)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
In the framework of the Solar Plan, in 2015, the Parliament adopted a law on renewables aimed at covering 12% of its power mix with renewables by 2020 and 30% by 2030 (corresponding to a capacity of 3.8 GW and an investment of US$7.1bn between 2016 and 2030).
Interactive Chart Tunisia Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In its NDC, Tunisia committed to a 13% carbon intensity reduction in 2030 compared to 2010 and a 41% reduction if international financing is provided.
CO2 emissions from fuel combustion have increased regularly by 2.9%/year since 1990, reaching 27 MtCO2 in 2018.
Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)
Secured payment by