Tunisia Energy Information
2018 Tunisia Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 2.48 %/year
Energy independence: 46.7%
* at purchasing power parity
CO2 Emissions: 2.27 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 17.4%
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Total Energy Consumption
The country's per capita consumption is almost 1 toe, which is 5 times lower than the EU average. Its per capita electricity consumption is 1 425 kWh (2018).
Total energy consumption increased rapidly between 2000 and 2010 (by 3.5%/year) and more moderately since 2011 (around 2.3%/year).
Gas market share in total energy consumption increased rapidly between 2000 and 2010 (from 38% to around 49%) and has remained stable since then. Oil represents 40%, and renewables (mainly wood) 9% of the country's total consumption.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Tunisia Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Since 2007, oil production has decreased regularly, falling from 4.6 Mt to 2 Mt in 2018. Oil production strongly increased in 2007 (+40%) through the exploitation of several small wells in southern Tunisia, mainly the offshore field of Oudna (80 km from the coastline in the Gulf of Hammamet, with a production of around 15 000 bbl/d).
Interactive Chart Tunisia Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil product consumption increased very rapidly between 2012 and 2015, by 8%/year and has remined roughly stable since then (4.6 Mt in 2018). Transport accounts for 52% of this consumption (2018).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)
Interactive Chart Tunisia Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas consumption increased very strongly between 2000 and 2012 (over 6%/year) and remained roughly stable until 2014. It increased again by 3.4%/year starting in 2015 and stood at 6.5 bcm in 2018. The main gas market continues to be electricity production (67% in 2018).
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)
Interactive Chart Tunisia Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption has almost completely disappeared. Coal was mainly used in the cement industry, where it was replaced by petroleum coke.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)
Interactive Chart Tunisia Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption increased rapidly from 2000 to 2014 (by about 4%/year) before slowing down to an average progression of 2%/year. In 2018, electricity consumption stood at 16.6 TWh. Industry accounts for about 33% of the consumption, followed by the services sector (29%) and the residential sector (26%) (2018).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018,%)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
In the framework of the Solar Plan, in 2015, the Parliament adopted a law on renewables aimed at covering 12% of its power mix with renewables by 2020 and 30% by 2030 (corresponding to a capacity of 3.8 GW and an investment of US$7.1bn between 2016 and 2030).
Interactive Chart Tunisia Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In its NDC, Tunisia committed to a 13% carbon intensity reduction in 2030 compared to 2010 and a 41% reduction if international financing is provided.
CO2 emissions from fuel combustion have increased regularly by 2.9%/year since 1990, reaching 27 MtCO2 in 2018.
Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)
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