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Tunisia Energy Information

Tunisia Key Figures

Population: 11.8 million
GDP growth rate: -9.2 %/year
Energy independence: 41.6%

Data of the last year available: 2020
Total consumption/GDP:* 94.5 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 2.09 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 17.0%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the Tunisia energy report

Tunisia Related News

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Tunisia Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

The country's per capita consumption is 0.9 toe, which is 3 times lower than the EU average but in the region's average. Its per capita electricity consumption is 1 405 kWh (2020) also close to the average value for North African countries (1 460 kWh).

Growth in total energy consumption has slowed down since 2010, from 3.5%/year between 2000 and 2010 to 1.7%/year over 2011-2019, and reached 11 Mtoe in 2019. It dropped by 6% in 2020.

Interactive Chart Tunisia Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Tunisia energy report

Crude Oil Production

Oil production has decreased by around 60% since 2007, from 4.6 Mt to 1.8 Mt in 2020. Oil production strongly increased in 2007 (+40%) through the exploitation of several small wells in southern Tunisia, mainly the offshore field of Oudna (80 km from the coastline in the Gulf of Hammamet, with a production of around 15 kb/d).

Interactive Chart Tunisia Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Oil Products Consumption

Oil product consumption increased very rapidly between 2012 and 2015 (8%/year) and has slightly decreased since then (4.2 Mt in 2020). Transport accounts for 55% of this consumption (2020).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)

Interactive Chart Tunisia Refined Oil Products Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Natural Gas Consumption

Gas consumption decreased by 5% in 2020. It increased by 2.8%/year between 2014 and 2019 to 6.5 bcm. It grew very rapidly between 2000 and 2012 (over 6%/year) and remained stable until 2014.

The main gas market continues to be electricity production (74% in 2020).

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)

Interactive Chart Tunisia Natural Gas Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on the LNG trade, you can request a sample of our EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

Coal Consumption

Coal consumption has almost completely disappeared. Coal was mainly used in the cement industry, where it was replaced by petroleum coke.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)

Interactive Chart Tunisia Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed consumption trends at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Tunisia energy report

Power Consumption

Electricity consumption decreased by 6% in 2020. It increased strongly between 2010 and 2019 (by about 2.7%/year) to reach around 18 TWh.

The residential sector accounts for 33% of the consumption, followed by the industry (32%) and services (26%) (2020).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020,%)

Renewable in % Electricity Production

In the framework of the Solar Plan, the Parliament adopted a law on renewables in 2015 aimed at covering 12% of its power mix with renewables by 2020 and 30% by 2030 (corresponding to a capacity of 3.8 GW and an investment of US$7.1bn between 2016 and 2030). With 4% of renewables in the power mix in 2020, the 2020 target has not been reached, but the government considers feasible to achieve a share of 22% by 2025 based on recent new projects.

Interactive Chart Tunisia Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Learn more about renewables in the Mini grid Africa & Asia markets for village electrification

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

Tunisia updated its NDC in 2021, setting an unconditional carbon intensity reduction target of 27% in 2030 compared to 2010 level and a conditional reduction target up to 45% with international support.

CO2 emissions from fuel combustion decreased by 6% in 2020 (to 24.8 MtCO2) due to the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the economy. They increased regularly by 3%/year between 1990 and 2017 and have remained stable until 2019 (26.4 MtCO2 in 2019).

Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)

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