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Tunisia Energy Information

2018 Tunisia Key Figures

Population: 11.7 million
GDP growth rate: 2.48 %/year
Energy independence: 46.7%

* at purchasing power parity
Total consumption/GDP:* 95.6 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 2.27 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 17.4%

Tunisia Related News

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Tunisia Related Research

Total Energy Consumption

The country's per capita consumption is almost 1 toe, which is 5 times lower than the EU average. Its per capita electricity consumption is 1 425 kWh (2018).

Total energy consumption increased rapidly between 2000 and 2010 (by 3.5%/year) and more moderately since 2011 (around 2.3%/year).

Gas market share in total energy consumption increased rapidly between 2000 and 2010 (from 38% to around 49%) and has remained stable since then. Oil represents 40%, and renewables (mainly wood) 9% of the country's total consumption.

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Interactive Chart Tunisia Total Energy Consumption

More research: Tunisia energy report

Crude Oil Production

Since 2007, oil production has decreased regularly, falling from 4.6 Mt to 2 Mt in 2018. Oil production strongly increased in 2007 (+40%) through the exploitation of several small wells in southern Tunisia, mainly the offshore field of Oudna (80 km from the coastline in the Gulf of Hammamet, with a production of around 15 000 bbl/d).

Interactive Chart Tunisia Crude Oil Production

More research: EMEA Refineries Dataset

Oil Products Consumption

Oil product consumption increased very rapidly between 2012 and 2015, by 8%/year and has remined roughly stable since then (4.6 Mt in 2018). Transport accounts for 52% of this consumption (2018).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

Interactive Chart Tunisia Refined Oil Products Production

More research: EMEA Refineries Dataset

Natural Gas Consumption

Gas consumption increased very strongly between 2000 and 2012 (over 6%/year) and remained roughly stable until 2014. It increased again by 3.4%/year starting in 2015 and stood at 6.5 bcm in 2018. The main gas market continues to be electricity production (67% in 2018).

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

Interactive Chart Tunisia Natural Gas Domestic Consumption

More research: EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

Coal Consumption

Coal consumption has almost completely disappeared. Coal was mainly used in the cement industry, where it was replaced by petroleum coke.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

Interactive Chart Tunisia Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption

Power Consumption

Electricity consumption increased rapidly from 2000 to 2014 (by about 4%/year) before slowing down to an average progression of 2%/year. In 2018, electricity consumption stood at 16.6 TWh. Industry accounts for about 33% of the consumption, followed by the services sector (29%) and the residential sector (26%) (2018).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018,%)

Renewable in % Electricity Production

In the framework of the Solar Plan, in 2015, the Parliament adopted a law on renewables aimed at covering 12% of its power mix with renewables by 2020 and 30% by 2030 (corresponding to a capacity of 3.8 GW and an investment of US$7.1bn between 2016 and 2030).

Interactive Chart Tunisia Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

In its NDC, Tunisia committed to a 13% carbon intensity reduction in 2030 compared to 2010 and a 41% reduction if international financing is provided.

CO2 emissions from fuel combustion have increased regularly by 2.9%/year since 1990, reaching 27 MtCO2 in 2018.

Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)

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