Tunisia energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Tunisia energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2020 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Tunisia energy report
May 2022
2 files (PDF report, Excel file)
35 (Report only)

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  • Tunisia aims to cover 30% of its power mix with renewables in 2030.
  • STEG dominates power generation (over 80%) and has a monopoly on transmission and distribution.
  • Shell contributes to around 60% of the gas production.
  • Gas supplies most of the power production (95%).
  • Most of the crude oil production is exported due to limited refining capacity.
  • The government controls energy prices. It plans to accelerate the reduction of fuel subsidies in order to reduce the budget deficit.
  • Gas accounts for 49% of the energy consumption, which dropped by 6% in 2020.
  • Gas and electricity consumption have been slowly progressing since 2010.
  • The government plans to develop over 2 GW of renewables by 2025.


of renewables in power mix by 2030

+2.4 GW

power capacity since 2010


of energy consumption from gas (2020)


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Energy, Mining, and Renewable Energies defines and implements the energy policy. It regulates the public energy companies through two directorates: the General Electricity and Energy Transition Directorate and the General Hydrocarbons Directorate.

  • Energy Companies


    Gas production is dominated by Shell, which supplies about 60% of the production and 25% of demand. All the gas is sold to STEG which holds a monopoly on gas distribution. In 2021, Shell was considering withdrawing from activities in Tunisia due to political instability.

  • Energy Supply


    Oil production has decreased by around 60% since 2007, from 4.6 Mt to 1.8 Mt in 2020. Oil production increased strongly in 2007 (+40%) through the exploitation of several small wells in southern Tunisia, mainly the offshore field of Oudna (80 km from the coastline in the Gulf of Hammamet, with a production of around 15 kb/d).

  • Energy Prices


    In 2014, the Government started a progressive suppression of energy subsidies with a cut in fuel subsidies leading to a 6.4% increase in the gasoline price. This reform led to a reduction in the budget deficit, which was below 5% of GDP for the first time since 2011 (6.9% of GDP in 2013). In 2017, a new cut in fuel subsidies led to a 6.7% increase in the gasoline price.

  • Energy Consumption

    The country's per capita consumption is 0.9 toe, which is 3 times lower than the EU average but average for the region. Its per capita electricity consumption is 1 405 kWh (2020) also close to the average for North African countries (1 460 kWh).

  • Issues & Prospects


    The first phase of the renewable power generation programme, that was launched in 2017, aimed to develop 1 GW of renewables (650 MW of solar and 350 MW of wind), 62% of which was assigned to IPPs, for a total investment of TND 2.5bn (US$836m). The programme sets a framework for private investors through calls for tenders and calls for projects.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Tunisia energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2020,%)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2020, %)

List of Tables

In the Tunisia energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Tunisia energy market data since 1990 and up to 2020 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Tunisia country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Tunisia Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Tunisia energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Tunisia country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


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