Tunisia energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive Tunisia energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

Tunisia energy report
July 2021
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
35 (Report only)

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  • Tunisia aims to cover 30% of its power mix with renewables in 2030.
  • The Solar Plan is expected to save 16 Mtoe over the period 2016-2030.
  • STEG covers 84% of power generation and has a monopoly on transmission and distribution. Shell supplies more than half of the national gas demand.
  • Most of the power production is from gas (95% in 2019).
  • Almost 90% of the crude oil is exported (2019).
  • The Government decided to progressively cut fuel subsidies to reduce the budget deficit. The Government controls energy prices.
  • Gas accounts for 49% of the energy needs.
  • Gas and electricity consumption have been progressing slowly since 2010.
  • The government plans to develop over 2 GW of renewables by 2025.


biggest wind power producer in Africa and the Middle-East

+2.1 GW

power capacity since 2010


of energy consumption from gas (2019)


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The General Energy Directorate, which operates under the Ministry of Energy, Mining and Renewable Energies, defines and implements the energy policy. It regulates the public energy companies through three directorates (Electricity, Gas and Energy Efficiency; Exploration and Production of Hydrocarbons; Refining, Transport and Distribution) and a national Observatory of Energy (ONE).

  • Energy Companies


    Gas production is dominated by Shell (BG until 2016), which supplies about 60% of the national production and 25% of national demand. All the gas is sold to STEG which holds a monopoly on gas distribution. BG, which has been present in Tunisia for over 25 years, is a major player, with cumulated investments of over US$4bn.

  • Energy Supply


    Gas production has been decreasing rapidly by 6%/year to 2bcm in 2019, from a peak of almost 3.6 bcm in 2010. Gas production mainly comes from the Miskar field in the Gabes Gulf operated by Shell (30 bcm of proven resources), put into production in 1995. The Hasdrubal field (50/50 joint venture between BG Tunisia and ETAP) came into production in 2009.

  • Energy Prices


    To face the increase in international oil prices, the Government decided to increase oil product prices in 2007 and 2008. In 2014, the Government started a progressive suppression of energy subsidies with a cut in fuel subsidies leading to a 6.4% increase in the gasoline price.

  • Energy Consumption

    The country's per capita consumption is almost 1 toe, which is 5 times lower than the EU average. Its per capita electricity consumption is 1 520 kWh (2019).

    Total energy consumption has remained rather stable since 2017. It increased rapidly between 2000 and 2010 (by 3.5%/year) and more moderately over 2011- 2017 (2.4%/year).

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the Tunisia energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2019,%)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)

List of Tables

In the Tunisia energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The Tunisia energy market data since 1990 and up to 2019 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Tunisia country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Tunisia Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Tunisia energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Tunisia country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


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