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Tunisia energy report

Tunisia energy report
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Tunisia energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • Tunisia aims to cover 35% of its power mix with renewables in 2030.
  • STEG dominates power generation (over 80%) and has a monopoly on transmission and distribution.
  • ETAP contributes around 75% of the gas production.
  • Gas supplies most of the power production (95%).
  • Most of the crude oil production is exported due to limited refining capacity.
  • The government controls energy prices. It plans to accelerate the reduction of fuel subsidies in order to reduce the budget deficit.
  • Gas accounts for 48% of the energy consumption, which increased by 7% in 2021.
  • Gas and electricity consumption has been slowly progressing since 2010.
  • The government plans to develop over 2 GW of renewables by 2025.
of renewables in power mix by 2030
+2.5 GW
power capacity since 2010
of energy consumption from gas (2021)
  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Energy, Mining, and Renewable Energies defines and implements the energy policy. It regulates the public energy companies through two directorates: the General Electricity and Energy Transition Directorate and the General Hydrocarbons Directorate.

  • Energy Supply


    Oil production experienced a rapid increase in 2021 (+23%) due to the commissioning of the Halk el Manzel field. Since 2007, production has decreased by 7%/year on average, from 4.8 Mt to 2.1 Mt in 2021.

  • Energy Prices


    In 2022, gas prices reached US$2.61c/kWh for industry and US$1.46c/kWh for households. Both decreased by 1% and 5%, respectively, in contrast to the increasing trend observed in 2017-2021. Since 2017, gas prices have increased by 44% for industrial consumers, while households experienced a 10% rise between 2018 and 2021.

  • Energy Consumption

    The country's per capita consumption is 0.97 toe, which is 3 times lower than the EU average but average for the region. Its per capita electricity consumption is 1 500 kWh (2021) also close to the average for North African countries (1 490 kWh).

  • Issues & Prospects


    The first phase of the renewable power generation programme, that was launched in 2017, aimed to develop 1 GW of renewables (650 MW of solar and 350 MW of wind), 62% of which was assigned to IPPs, for a total investment of TND 2.5bn (US$836m). The programme sets a framework for private investors through calls for tenders and calls for projects.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2021,%)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2021, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

The Tunisia energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Tunisia country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Tunisia Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Tunisia energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).