Taiwan Energy Information
Taiwan Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 6.28 %/year
Energy independence: 9.58%
Data of the last year available: 2021
CO2 Emissions: 11.2 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 3.21%
* at purchasing power parity
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Taiwan Related News
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Taiwan Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
The country's total consumption per capita reached 4.7 toe in 2021, which is over three times higher than the Asian average (1.5 toe). Electricity consumption per capita is also 3 times higher than the regional average, at around 11 300 kWh (2021).
Total consumption increased by 3.7% in 2021 to 111 Mtoe, after a 2.2%/year decline from 2018 to 2020. It increased slightly from 2012 to 2018 (+0.8%/year on average).
Interactive Chart Taiwan Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Taiwan imports all its crude oil needs (40 Mt of crude in 2021). Over half of the crude oil is imported from the Middle East (31% from Saudi Arabia and 22% from Kuwait) and 19% from the United States (2021). Oil product imports and exports are close (14.4 Mt of imports and 13.8 Mt exports in 2021).
The country's refining capacity (1.1 mb/d) is distributed over three refineries: CPC's Talin (450 kbl/d) and Taoyuan (200 kbl/d) refineries and Formosa Petrochemical Corp's Mailiao refinery (540 kbl/d).
Interactive Chart Taiwan Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The country promotes renewables through the "Renewable Energy Development Act" enacted in 2009. Amendments to the Act in 2017 raised the renewable capacity target to 27 GW in 2025, corresponding to a 20% share of renewables in the capacity mix in 2025 (investments estimated at US$56.6bn). This objective includes 1.2 GW of onshore wind by 2020 (target missed as only 725 MW were installed), 20 GW of solar by 2025 (38% achieved end of 2021), and 5.7 GW of offshore wind by 2025. These new capacities are expected to be sufficient to replace nuclear power plants.
Interactive Chart Taiwan Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
Although not part of the UNFCCC, Taiwan has submitted its own INDC to decrease its GHG emissions by 50% by 2030 compared to a BAU projection; this corresponds to a level of emissions of 214 MtCO2eq, which is 20% lower than 2005 level.
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