Taiwan Energy Information
2019 Taiwan Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 2.71 %/year
Energy independence: 10.2%
* at purchasing power parity
CO2 Emissions: 11.9 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 3.51%
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Taiwan Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
The country's total consumption per capita reached 4.6 toe in 2019, which is 60% higher than the European average (2.9 toe in 2019). Electricity consumption per capita is around 10 600 kWh.
Total consumption increased slightly from 2012 to 2018 (0.3%/year on average). It decreased by 2.4% in 2019 to 110 Mtoe.
Oil and coal are the country's main energy sources (36% and 38%, respectively, in 2019). Gas accounted for 16% and hydro and nuclear electricity for 9%, while biomass accounted for the remainder (1%).
Interactive Chart Taiwan Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Taiwan imports all its crude oil needs (46 Mt of crude in 2019). Around half of the crude oil is imported from the Middle East, 31% from Saudi Arabia, and 21% from Kuwait (2018). Oil product imports are almost completely balanced by exports.
The country's refining capacity (1 190 000 bbl/d) is distributed over three refineries: CPC's Talin (450 000 bbl/d) and Taoyuan (200 000 bbl/d) refineries and Formosa Petrochemical Corp's Mailiao refinery (540 000 bbl/d).
Interactive Chart Taiwan Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The country promotes renewables through the "Renewable Energy Development Act" enacted in 2009. Amendments to the Act in 2017 raised the renewable capacity target to 27 GW in 2025. The objective is to build 1.2 GW of onshore wind, as well as 20 GW of solar (3 GW from rooftop solar and 17 GW from land and floating systems), and 5.7 GW of offshore wind power by 2025. In November 2019, the offshore wind target was extended to 5.7 GW by 2025 and 10 GW between 2026 and 2035.
Interactive Chart Taiwan Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
Although not part of the UNFCCC, Taiwan has submitted its own INDC to decrease its GHG emissions by 50% by 2030 compared to a BAU projection (equivalent to 20% lower than 2005 levels), reaching 214 MtCO2eq.
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