Taiwan Energy Information
Taiwan Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 0.05 %/year
Energy independence: 10.3%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 10.9 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 3.59%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Taiwan energy report
Taiwan Related News
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Taiwan Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
The country's total consumption per capita reached 4.5 toe in 2020, which is three times higher than the Asian average (1.4 toe in 2019). Electricity consumption per capita is also 3 times higher than the regional average, at around 10 750 kWh (2020). However, the total energy intensity has been decreasing rapidly and regularly since 2010 (-2.3%/year).
Total consumption increased slightly from 2012 to 2018 (+0.8%/year on average). It declined by 2.5% in 2019 and by another 2% in 2020, to reach 105 Mtoe in 2020.
Interactive Chart Taiwan Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Taiwan imports all its crude oil needs (39 Mt of crude in 2020). Around half of the crude oil is imported from the Middle East, 33% from Saudi Arabia, 20% from Kuwait, and 20% from the United States (2020). Oil product imports and exports are close (14.8 Mt of imports and 12.2 Mt exports in 2020).
The country's refining capacity (1.1 mb/d) is distributed over three refineries: CPC's Talin (450 kbl/d) and Taoyuan (200 kbl/d) refineries and Formosa Petrochemical Corp's Mailiao refinery (540 kbl/d).
Interactive Chart Taiwan Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The country promotes renewables through the "Renewable Energy Development Act" enacted in 2009. Amendments to the Act in 2017 raised the renewable capacity target to 27 GW in 2025. The objective was to build 1.2 GW of onshore wind by 2020 (target missed as onshore wind capacity reached around 800 MW in 2020), as well as 20 GW of solar (3 GW from rooftop solar and 17 GW from land and floating systems), and 5.7 GW of offshore wind power by 2025. These new capacities are expected to be sufficient to replace nuclear power plants. In 2020, 29% of the 2025 solar PV target was achieved.
Interactive Chart Taiwan Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
Although not part of the UNFCCC, Taiwan has submitted its own INDC to decrease its GHG emissions by 50% by 2030 compared to a BAU projection (equivalent to 20% lower than 2005 levels), reaching 214 MtCO2eq.
In 2017, the government passed its National Climate Change Action Guidelines, which sets out ten general principles to achieve the country's climate mitigation and adaptation targets. The set of guidelines builds upon the Greenhouse Gas Reduction and Management Act, which was passed in 2015 and targets a 50% reduction in GHG emissions below 2005 levels by 2050.
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