Switzerland Energy Information
Switzerland Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 3.69 %/year
Energy independence: 49.7%
Data of the last year available: 2021
CO2 Emissions: 4.05 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 7.12%
* at purchasing power parity
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Switzerland Related News
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Switzerland Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Total energy consumption per capita is 2.6 toe (14% lower than the European average in 2021), including 6 680 kWh/cap (17% higher than the European average) (2021).
Total consumption decreased by 2% in 2021 to slightly below 23 Mtoe, following a 5% decrease in 2020. Previously, it had been increasing slightly over 2016-2019 (around 1%/year), after decreasing by 4%/year between 2013 and 2016.
Switzerland has the lowest energy intensity in Europe (behind Ireland and Malta) (2021) (at purchasing power parities).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Switzerland Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Of total oil imports, 72% are made directly in the form of refined products (6.1 Mt in 2021) and 28% in the form of crude oil (2.3 Mt), which is processed in the Cressier refinery.
In 2021, 39% of crude oil imports came from Nigeria, 32% from the US, and 25% from Libya (+13 pp). Nearly 60% of the refined oil products are imported from Germany (+7 pp).
Interactive Chart Switzerland Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil product consumption has been shrinking by 4.3%/year, on average, over 2013-2020 and rebounded by 4.5% in 2021 to 7.9 Mt.
The transport sector accounts for 60% of oil products consumption, followed by buildings (30%).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (MT)
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)
Interactive Chart Switzerland Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas consumption is deeply influenced by weather conditions since around two thirds of the consumption are used for heating purposes. It has fluctuated around 3.6 bcm since 2010 but has increased by 8.7% in 2021 to 3.8 bcm. Around half of this increase is due to a colder winter.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Buildings represent 63% of the gas consumption (2021, +4 points since 2010) and industry 30%.
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)
Interactive Chart Switzerland Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption is very low (less than 0.2 Mt) and almost entirely consumed in industry.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)
Interactive Chart Switzerland Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption increased by 4.3% in 2021 (to 58 TWh) after an average decrease by 1.6%/year over 2017-2020. Previously, it had been quite stable over 2010-2016, at around 58 TWh.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
The residential sector is the largest electricity consumer (35%); it is followed by industry and services (30% and 28%, respectively) (2021); the share of services has shrunk slightly to the benefit of the residential sector.
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In its updated NDC (2020), the country set the goal to reduce GHG emissions by at least 50% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels (compared to a net 50% reduction pledged previously). In addition, it pledged to reach net zero emissions by 2050 (compared to the previous objective of 70-80% reduction). The NDC does not include any information on adaptation measures. Complementary transparency information has been added in December 2021, due to the reject of the third CO2 Act, however without any impact on NDC's mitigation targets.
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