Switzerland Energy Information
Switzerland Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 0.92 %/year
Energy independence: 54.3%
Data of the last year available: 2019
CO2 Emissions: 4.17 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.83%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Switzerland energy report
Switzerland Related News
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Switzerland Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Total energy consumption per capita is 2.8 toe, i.e. 10% below the European average, including 6 700 kWh/cap (22% higher than the European average) (2019).
After dropping by 4%/year between 2013 and 2016, total consumption increased slightly as of 2017 (less than 1%/year) to 24 Mtoe in 2019.
In PPP terms, Switzerland has the lowest energy intensity in Europe (behind Ireland and Malta) (2019).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Switzerland Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Of total oil imports, 74% are made directly in the form of refined products (8.1 Mt in 2019) and 26% in the form of crude oil (2.8 Mt), which is processed in the Cressier refinery. Since the shutdown of the Collombey refinery in 2015, the share of petroleum products in total oil imports has increased.
In 2019, 34% of crude oil imports came from Nigeria, 29% from Kazakhstan, 22% from Libya, and 11% from the US. Almost half of the refined oil products are imported from Germany (47%).
Interactive Chart Switzerland Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil product consumption has been shrinking by 3.3%/year, on average, since 2013. The transport sector accounts for 60% of oil products consumption, followed by buildings (29%).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (MT)
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Switzerland Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas consumption is deeply influenced by weather conditions since around two thirds of the consumption are used for heating purposes. It has fluctuated around 3.6 bcm since 2010.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Buildings represent 60% of the gas consumption (2019), and industry 32%.
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Switzerland Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption is very low (0.2 Mt). It is almost entirely consumed in industry.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Switzerland Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption has been quite stable since 2010, at around 58 TWh; it rose by an average of 1.3%/year between 2000 and 2010, driven by consumption in buildings.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
The residential sector is the largest electricity consumer (33%); it is followed by industry and services (30% each) (2019); the share of industry has shrunk slightly to the benefit of the residential sector.
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In 2018, total GHG emissions were 14% below their 1990 levels.
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