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Spain Energy Information

2019 Spain Key Figures

Population: 46.7 million
GDP growth rate: 1.98 %/year
Energy independence: 27.6%

* at purchasing power parity
Total consumption/GDP:* 75.5 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 5.13 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 10.00%

Spain Related News

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Spain Related Research

Total Energy Consumption

In 2019, total consumption per capita was 2.7 toe (13% lower than the EU average), including 5 100 kWh of electricity (7.5% below the EU average).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Total energy consumption rose by 3.2%/year between 2014 and 2017 (stable in 2018 and declining by 1.2% to 125 Mtoe in 2019). It fell sharply between 2007 and 2014 with the economic downturn (-3.2%/year, -20%) and is still now 13% below its pre-crisis level of 2007.

Interactive Chart Spain Total Energy Consumption

More research: Spain energy report

Crude Oil Production

Oil production is very low (40 kt in 2019). Crude oil imports increased by 3.1%/year from 2011 to 70 Mt in 2018 and then dipped by 1.1% in 2019. Four suppliers accounted for 56% of crude imports in 2019: Nigeria (17%), Mexico (14%), Libya (13%), and Saudi Arabia (10%).

Spain has 9 oil refineries with a total capacity of about 1.5 mb/d (relatively stable for the last 10 years). In 2011, Repsol completed the capacity expansion of its Cartagena refinery (doubled to 220 000 bbl/d), while Repsol commissioned a new coker unit (2 Mt/year) at its Bilbao refinery.

Interactive Chart Spain Crude Oil Production

More research: EMEA Refineries Dataset

Oil Products Consumption

Oil product consumption has been recovering since 2014 (+3.1%/year) to 51 Mt in 2018 (stable in 2019). It is, however, still 24% below its peak of 68 Mt in 2005.

Nearly 60% of the oil consumption is absorbed by the transport sector (59% in 2019), with power plants accounting for just 6% of oil demand.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)

Interactive Chart Spain Refined Oil Products Production

More research: EMEA Refineries Dataset

Natural Gas Consumption

The country's gas consumption rose rapidly between 2014 and 2017 (+4.6%/year) and remained roughly stable in 2018 (31 bcm). It rose by nearly 15% in 2019 to more than 35 bcm, as gas consumption in the power sector skyrocketed (+49%, continued replacement of coal-fired generation with gas). Gas consumption fell rapidly between 2008 and 2014 (-6.3%/year) after an 11%/year surge between 2000 and 2008 with the rapid development of CCGT capacities.

Interactive Chart Spain Natural Gas Domestic Consumption

More research: EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

Coal Consumption

Most of the coal and lignite is used for power generation (70% in 2019) and the rest in industry. Coal consumption has been decreasing with coal-fired unit closures, including 64% in 2019.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)

Interactive Chart Spain Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption

Power Consumption

The country's electricity consumption has recovered slightly since 2014, growing by 1%/year to 243 TWh in 2018; it dipped by 1.5% in 2019, however, mainly due to lower demand from the industrial sector. It decreased by 1.8%/year between 2008 and 2014 after very rapid growth between 2000 and 2008 (3.7%/year).

The share of electricity in final energy consumption regularly increases (23% in 2019, compared to 18% in 1990).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Renewable in % Electricity Production

According to the National Action Plan for Renewable Energies (PANER, 2010), the share of renewables in final energy consumption should increase to 22.7% in 2020 (17.5% achieved in 2018), of which 18.9% for heating and cooling (17.5% in 2018), 13.6% in transport (6.9% in 2018), and 40% for electricity (35% in 2018).

Interactive Chart Spain Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

After a 25% fall due to the economic downturn between 2007 and 2016, GHG emissions rose by 4.4% in 2017, as coal-fired power generation had to offset lower hydro resources and as road transport emissions continued to rise. In 2017, Spain's GHG emissions stood at 357 MtCO2eq, i.e. 22% above their 1990 level.

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