Serbia Energy Information
2018 Serbia Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 4.30 %/year
Energy independence: 66.3%
* at purchasing power parity
CO2 Emissions: 6.61 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 13.4%
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Total Energy Consumption
Energy consumption per capita amounts to 2.2 toe (29% below the EU average), including 4 200 kWh of electricity (26% below the EU average) (2018).
Total energy consumption rose by 4.1%/year between 2014 and 2017, but declined by 1.4% in 2018 to 15.4 Mtoe (lower coal consumption due to a higher hydro availability). It declined by 3%/year between 2004 and 2014, reaching 13 Mtoe, its lowest level since 2000. (The 2014 floods cut lignite consumption by 19%.)
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Serbia Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
After a period of decline, crude oil production nearly doubled between 2008 and 2013 to 1.2 Mt following the acquisition of NIS by Gazprom. However, it has been declining since then, dipping by 5.1%/year to around 950 kt in 2018. Production covers around 25% of domestic oil supply. The oil fields are located in Vojvodine, in the north of the country; the remainder of the consumption is supplied with imports from Iraq and Russia.
Crude oil imports have more than doubled since 2012 (+21%/year), reaching 2.8 Mt in 2018.
Interactive Chart Serbia Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The National Action Plan for Renewable Energy (NREAP), released in 2013, set a target of 27% of renewables in the final energy consumption in 2020 (37% for electricity, 30% for heating and 10% for transport). However, Serbia is likely to miss its 2020 target, with only 20% in 2018 (of which 29% for electricity, 24% for heating, and 1.2% for transport).
Interactive Chart Serbia Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
Serbia's Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) aims at cutting greenhouse (GHG) emissions by 9.8% in 2030, compared with 1990 levels (that included Kosovo with its coal-fired power plants). As GHG emissions already fell by 22% between 1990 and 2016, this would correspond to a 15% increase over the 2016 level.
CO2 emissions from energy combustion have remained relatively stable since 2015 (46 MtCO2 in 2018), after a decreasing trend over 2004-2013. They fell by 16% in 2014 due to the temporary suspension of coal-fired power generation due to floods.
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