New Zealand Energy Information
2019 New Zealand Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 2.18 %/year
Energy independence: 77.9%
* at purchasing power parity
CO2 Emissions: 6.56 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.61%
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New Zealand Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Energy consumption per capita is high, at 4 toe and around 8 000 kWh for electricity in 2019.
Between 2010 and 2014, energy consumption increased by 2.7%/year and it has remained relatively stable since then (20 Mtoe in 2019).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Renewables have a high share in total consumption (42% in 2019), of which 25% is for geothermal, 11% for hydro, and 6% for biomass. The share of oil was 31%, gas 20%, and coal 7%.
Interactive Chart New Zealand Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Crude oil and condensate production decreased between 2015 and 2019, from 2.1 Mt to 1.2 Mt. It had decreased rapidly between 2009 and 2012 (-10%/year) and had remained relatively stable between 2012 and 2015.
In 2018, the top 5 oil and condensate fields were Maari, Pohokura, Kupe, Maui, and Mangahewa. Maari has the biggest share (28%). Maui used to provide most of the oil production (55% in 2006): its share has been decreasing since then and is now below 10% of total oil and condensate production.
In 2019, total crude oil imports stood at 4.9 Mt.
Interactive Chart New Zealand Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
NZEECS 2017-2022 has set a renewable energy target of 90% for electricity by 2025, compared to the current 83% (primarily hydro and geothermal).
Through the National Policy Statement for Renewable Electricity Generation (NPS REG), which took effect in 2011 and which is scheduled to end in 2021, councils have to make provisions for renewable electricity and amend the regional policy statements as necessary for the implementation of the plan.
Interactive Chart New Zealand Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In 2019, the Government released its new energy and climate plan to become carbon neutral by 2050 (except for GHG emissions from the agricultural sector).
In its NDC submitted in 2016, the country commits to reduce its GHG emissions to 30% below 2005 levels by 2030. In 2018, total GHG emissions (without LULUCF) reached 79 MtCO2eq, i.e. 3% under their 2005 level (and 24% above their 1990 level).
CO2 emissions from energy combustion have remained roughly stable since 2012 (36 MtCO2 in 2019); they decreased slightly between 2005 and 2011.
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