New Zealand energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive New Zealand energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2020 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

New Zealand energy report
June 2021
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
29 (Report only)

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  • The country has the goals of 90% of renewables in the electricity mix in 2025 and to become carbon neutral by 2050.
  • Meridian Energy and Contact Energy handle 50% of the total power generation.
  • Renewables account for 80% of the power mix.
  • Coal and lignite production has been decreasing rapidly (-6%/year) since 2010.
  • Oil product prices follow international trends.
  • Energy consumption has remained roughly stable since 2014.
  • Geothermal has a high share in total consumption (25% in 2020).
  • The share of renewables in the power mix is expected to reach 95% in 2050.


of renewables in the power mix in 2025 (+10 pts compared to 2020)


of electricity generation from geothermal in 2020


of coal and lignite production since 2010


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    MBIE, the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment, is responsible for the energy sector policy.

    The Ministry for the Environment takes care of New Zealand's climate change programme and is also involved in policy directives for renewable energy and electricity transmission activities.

  • Energy Supply


    New Zealand has some gas and coal resources: reserves of 54 bcm for natural gas and 825 Mt for coal (end of 2019). Oil reserves are more limited (10 Mt).

  • Energy Prices


    New Zealand has a well-developed electricity market and spot prices are published for every 30-minute interval to dispatch the lowest cost generation.

  • Energy Consumption

    Energy consumption per capita is high, at 4.2 toe and around 7 800 kWh for electricity in 2020.

    Between 2010 and 2014, energy consumption increased by 2.7%/year and it has remained relatively stable since then (20 Mtoe in 2020).


  • Issues & Prospects

    The electricity demand and generation scenarios of 2019, prepared by the Energy Modelling division of the MBIE, explore the future until 2050 under five different scenarios: "Reference", "Growth", "Global", "Disruptive", and "Environmental". Total energy consumption should reach between 24 and 28 Mtoe in 2050 (between +0.5-1%/year).

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the New Zealand energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2020, %)

List of Tables

In the New Zealand energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The New Zealand energy market data since 1990 and up to 2020 is included in the Excel file accompanying the New Zealand country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • New Zealand Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the New Zealand energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The New Zealand country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


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