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New Zealand energy report

New Zealand energy report
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
30 (Report only)
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This analysis includes a comprehensive New Zealand energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • The country targets a 90% share of renewables in the electricity mix by 2025 and a 50% share in final energy consumption by 2035.
  • The country aims to become carbon neutral by 2050.
  • Three companies account for around 70% of the power generation: Meridian, Mercury, and Contact Energy.
  • Renewables account for 85% of the power mix (+9 points since 2010)
  • Coal and lignite production has been decreasing rapidly (-6%/year) since 2010.
  • Oil product prices follow international trends.
  • Energy consumption has decreased by around 4% in 2022, after remaining stable since 2014.
  • Renewables represent 46% of total consumption of energy.
  • More than 5 GW of wind power projects are currently under development, ensuring that the target of 90% of renewables by 2025 is likely to be met.
of renewables in the power mix in 2025
of electricity generation from hydropower in 2022
of coal and lignite production since 2010
  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Building, Resources and Markets department of the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment (MBIE) is responsible for the energy sector policy. The country's oil, gas, and coal resources are under the responsibility of NZP&M (New Zealand Petroleum & Minerals), a division of the Building, Resources, and Markets department.

  • Energy Supply


    New Zealand has some gas and coal resources: reserves of 42 bcm for natural gas and 825 Mt for coal (end of 2021). Oil reserves are more limited (7 Mt).

  • Energy Prices


    The price of natural gas for industry continued to increase in 2022, reaching US$2.69c/kWh (+19%). The price for households remained stable in 2022 (US$10.46c/kWh).


  • Energy Consumption

    Energy consumption per capita is in the average of the OCDE countries at 3.8 toe and reached around 7 600 kWh in 2022 for electricity.

    Energy consumption has decreased by around 4% to 19 Mtoe in 2022, after remaining relatively stable at around 20.5 Mtoe over 2014-2021


  • Issues & Prospects


    The MBIE plans growth in electricity demand in 2050 to reach between 57 TWh and 71 TWh (+1.3 to 2%/year), with a renewable share in the power mix projected to be around 90% in 2035 and 95% in 2050. The installed capacity should more than double between 2020 (over 9 GW) and 2050 (nearly 22 GW). The Government plans to develop 6 GW of wind and solar by 2050.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2022, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2022, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

The New Zealand energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the New Zealand country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • New Zealand Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the New Zealand energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).