Lithuania Energy Information
Lithuania Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 5.00 %/year
Energy independence: 25.1%
Data of the last year available: 2021
CO2 Emissions: 4.51 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 7.11%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Lithuania energy report
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Lithuania Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Total energy consumption per capita is 2.7 toe and 4300 kWh for electricity (2021); those consumption rates are 12% and 24% below the EU average, respectively.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Total energy consumption has been increasing by 2%/year since 2015 to 7.6 Mtoe in 2021.
The energy intensity to GDP fell by 3.5%/year between 2000 and 2019, compared to 2.3%/year in the European Union.
Interactive Chart Lithuania Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Apart from a marginal production of around 30 kt, Lithuania imports all its crude oil (8 Mt in 2021, mainly from Russia. It is refined at the Mazeikiai refinery which has a capacity of 15 Mt/year, and which operates at around 2/3 of its capacity. The country is a net exporter of oil products (6 Mt of exports for 1 Mt of imports in 2021).
Interactive Chart Lithuania Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil consumption has been rising by 2.8% /year since 2014, reaching 2.9 Mt (2021). It had remained broadly stable at around 2.5 Mt between 2000 and 2014, after nearly halving between 1992 and 2002.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
In 2021, transport consumed nearly 2/3 of the country's oil products (67%), followed by power generation with 16%.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)
Interactive Chart Lithuania Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Natural gas consumption has remained stable between 2016 and 2021 at around 2.2 bcm, after a rapid fall between 2011 and 2016 (-6%/year). According to Amber Grid, gas consumption fell by 35% in 2022, due to high gas prices that reduced domestic fertilizer production and gas-fired power generation, a warmer winter and the decision to use oil in Vilnius district heating.
Industry accounted for 65% of total gas consumption in 2021 (including non-energy uses, mainly fertiliser production), followed by power plants (18%), and the residential-tertiary sector (17%).
Interactive Chart Lithuania Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption has been fluctuating around 0.4 Mt since 2005 (0.3 Mt in 2021).
Buildings (residential-services sector) absorb 43% of the consumption, while industry (mainly non-metallic minerals) accounts for 51% (2021).
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)
Interactive Chart Lithuania Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity demand increased by 2.4%/year since 2010 with a dip in 2020 (11 TWh), and reached 12 TWh in 2021. Previously, it had grown strongly between 2000 and 2008 (+4.6%, on average).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Industry absorbs 32% of electricity consumption, services 29%, and the residential sector 28% (2021). Those shares have remained broadly stable since 2000.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021,%)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The target of the National Renewable Energy and Climate Action Plan of a 23% share of renewables in final energy consumption has been exceeded since 2016 (26.8% in 2020, of which 50.4% for heating, 20.2% for power, and 5.5% for transport). The target set for renewables in 2030 in the NECP is 45% of final consumption.
In 2021, the government announced the expected investment (€10 bn) to bring the share of green power to 50% by 2025 and 100% by 2050.
Interactive Chart Lithuania Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
GHG emissions have remained broadly stable since 2009 and were 57% below 1990 levels in 2019 (20.4 Mt). They decreased before by nearly 60% between 1990 and 2000 and rose by 30% rise between 2000 and 2007, offset by significant drops in 2008 and 2009.
Lithuania aims to cap the increase in GHG emissions in sectors covered by the EU ETS to 15% compared to the 2005 level (15.5 MtCO2eq). Ahead of the COP 21, Lithuania's NDC includes a binding GHG emission reduction of 40% by 2030 compared to 1990.
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