Lithuania Energy Information
2018 Lithuania Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 3.49 %/year
Energy independence: 25.9%
* at purchasing power parity
CO2 Emissions: 4.45 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 7.63%
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Total Energy Consumption
Total energy consumption per capita is 2.7 toe, and around 4000 kWh for electricity (2018); those consumption rates are 14% and 28% below the EU average, respectively.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Total energy consumption has been increasing by 2%/year since 2014 to 7.6 Mtoe in 2018.
Lithuania's energy intensity to GDP fell by 3.5%/year between 2000 and 2018, more than twice as fast as in the European Union (-1.8%/year).
Interactive Chart Lithuania Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Apart from a marginal production of around 70 kt, Lithuania imports all its crude oil (9.8 Mt in 2018), mainly from Russia. It is refined at the Mazeikiai refinery which has a capacity of 15 Mt/year and which operates at around 2/3 of its capacity. The country is a net exporter of oil products (7.6 Mt of exports for 0.9 Mt of imports in 2018).
Interactive Chart Lithuania Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil consumption has been rising by 2.7% /year since 2013, reaching 2.9 Mt. It had remained broadly stable at around 2.5 Mt between 2000 and 2014, after nearly halving between 1992 and 2002.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Transport consumes nearly 2/3 of the country's oil products. District heating is the second largest consumer with 16% of total oil consumption (2018). The shares of industry and buildings (residential and services) are limited (11% and 4%, respectively).
Interactive Chart Lithuania Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Since 2011, natural gas consumption has been falling rapidly (-6%/year), due to stronger competition from cheaper fuels, such as low-sulphur heavy fuel oil or gas oil, or biomass in heat production, and from renewables. Gas consumption had increased rapidly between 2000 and 2007 (+4.9%/year, on average).
Industry accounts for 66% of the total gas consumption (including non-energy uses, mainly fertiliser production), followed by power plants (12%), district heating plants (7%) and the residential-tertiary sector (12%) (2018).
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Interactive Chart Lithuania Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption has increased slightly since 2001. After a quick decrease between 2013 and 2015, coal consumption has increased by 5.2%/year since 2015.
Buildings (residential-services sector) absorb 52% of the consumption while industry (mainly non-metallic minerals) accounts for 39% (2018).
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)
Interactive Chart Lithuania Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity demand has increased by 2.4%/year since 2010, reaching 11.3 TWh in 2018. Previously, it grew strongly between 2000 and 2008 (+4.6%, on average).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Industry absorbs 33% of electricity consumption, services 30%, and the residential sector 26% (2018). Those shares have remained broadly stable since 2000.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018,%)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The target of the National Renewable Energy and Climate Action Plan of a 23% share of renewables in final energy consumption was exceeded in 2016 and 2017 by more than 25% mainly thanks to heating (46.5% versus only 3.6% for transport and nearly 17% for power generation). The NEICP (2018) raised this target to 45% of renewables in 2030.
Interactive Chart Lithuania Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
Lithuania's GHG emissions decreased by nearly 60% between 1990 and 2000. After a 30% rise between 2000 and 2007, offset by significant drops in 2008 and 2009, emissions have remained broadly stable since 2009 and are 57% below 1990 levels (21 Mt).
Lithuania aims to cap the increase in GHG emissions in sectors covered by the EU ETS to 15% compared to the 2005 level (15.5 MtCO2eq). Ahead of the COP 21, Lithuania's NDC includes a binding GHG emission reduction of 40% by 2030 compared to 1990.
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