Gabon Energy Information

Gabon Key Figures

Population: 2.23 million
GDP growth rate: -1.8 %/year
Energy independence: 100%

Data of the last year available: 2020
Total consumption/GDP:* 118 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 1.62 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 14.4%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the Gabon energy report

Gabon Related News

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Gabon Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

Primary energy consumption per capita is around 2.3 toe, including 1 005 kWh of electricity (2020).


Total consumption has remained quite stable since 2010 at around 5 Mtoe, after a rapid increase between 2000 and 2010 (13%/year, i.e. a 3.5-fold rise).

Biomass (wood, waste) covers about 70% of the country's needs in 2020, followed by oil (20%), gas (7%) and hydroelectricity (2%).

Interactive Chart Gabon Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Gabon energy report

Crude Oil Production

Oil production slightly decreased in 2020 and reached 10.7 Mt (10.9 Mt in 2019), which is still higher than 2018 production thanks to the exploitation of recent discoveries and the effort of companies specialized in maximizing the value of mature fields. Oil production is mainly offshore (81% of the total area). Previously, the country had recorded a long decrease in production since 2010 (-3%/year between 2010 and 2018). Even earlier, it had decreased by 30% between 1997 and 2002, from around 18 Mt to 13 Mt, due to the falling production of the main fields and the decline in reserves.

Interactive Chart Gabon Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

As Gabon is around 85% covered by forest, the country plays the role of a carbon "sink" by absorbing more than 4 times more CO2 than it emits (NDC inventory). In 2016, Gabon submitted its first Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) with the commitment to reduce its GHG emissions by at least 50% in 2025 as compared to a BAU scenario, including LULUCF (Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry), which accounts for more than 60% of direct emissions, but excluding carbon stocks in forests (i.e. sinks).

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