Gabon Energy Information
Gabon Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 3.78 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2019
CO2 Emissions: 1.91 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 11.5%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Gabon energy report
Gabon Related News
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Gabon Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Energy consumption per capita is around 2.4 toe, including 1 020 kWh of electricity (2019).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Total consumption has remained quite stable since 2010 at around 5 Mtoe, after a rapid increase between 2000 and 2010 (14%/year, i.e. a 3.5-fold rise).
Biomass (wood, waste) covers about 72% of the country's needs, followed by oil (20%), gas (7%) and hydroelectricity (2%).
Interactive Chart Gabon Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production increased in 2019 and reached 10.7 Mt, thanks to the exploitation of recent discoveries and the effort of companies specialized in maximizing value of mature fields. Previously, the country recorded since 2010 a long decrease of production (-3%/year between 2010 and 2018). Even before, it had decreased by 30% between 1997 and 2002, from around 18 Mt to 13 Mt, due to the falling production of the main fields and the decline of reserves. Gabon joined several OPEC agreements to limit the production to raise oil prices, including a 10 000 bbl/d cut in 2021.
Interactive Chart Gabon Crude Oil Production
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In 2016, Gabon submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) with the commitment to reduce its GHG emissions by up to 50% by 2025 as compared to a BAU scenario including LULUCF (Land use change and forestry). This is equivalent to an emission level 3% above 2000 levels (without LULUCF), or a 72% increase if LULUCF is excluded.
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