eStore

Croatia Energy Information

Croatia Key Figures

Population: 4.05 million
GDP growth rate: 2.94 %/year
Energy independence: 46.0%

Data of the last year available: 2019
Total consumption/GDP:* 77.9 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 4.12 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 8.78%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the Croatia energy report

Croatia Related News

View all news, archive your new and create your own daily newsletters only on your topics/countries of interest with Key Energy Intelligence

Croatia Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

Energy consumption per capita is 2.2 toe, with electricity accounting for nearly 4 100 kWh (2019). These figures are 30% and 27% below the EU averages, respectively.

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Total energy consumption has remained relatively stable since 2017 (8.7 Mtoe in 2019), after an increase between 2014 and 2017 (+2.8%/year) with the economic recovery. Previously, it declined by an average of 3.1%/year between 2007 and 2014.

Interactive Chart Croatia Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Croatia energy report

Crude Oil Production

Crude oil production is low and stable at 0.8 Mt since 2016; according to preliminary statistics, it declined by 11% in 2020. Crude oil imports fell by 11%/year between 2009 (4.1 Mt) and 2014 (2.4 Mt) due to the low utilisation rate of the refineries, but recovered between 2014 and 2018 (+9%/year to 3.3 Mt in 2018). In 2019, a long overhaul at the Rijeka refinery contributed to cut crude oil imports by 30% to 2.3 Mt and to raise oil product imports by 33% to 2.6 Mt.

According to preliminary statistics, oil product imports fell by 22% to less than 2 Mt in 2020.

Interactive Chart Croatia Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Oil Products Consumption

The consumption of oil products has been declining since 2017 (-2.8%/year), reaching 3.2 Mt in 2019. It had decreased rapidly - by 5.8%/year - between 2007 and 2014 (-34%) before recovering until 2017 (+3.2%/year). According to preliminary statistics, oil product consumption fell by 13% to 2.7 Mt in 2020.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Interactive Chart Croatia Refined Oil Products Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Natural Gas Consumption

Gas consumption has increased rapidly since 2014 (+3.5%/year), reaching 2.9 bcm in 2019, spurred by the commissioning of the Sisak-3 CCGT power plant in 2015, but fluctuating in accordance with hydropower availability. It dropped by an average of 4.2%/year between 2007 and 2014. According to preliminary statistics, gas consumption rose by 4% in 2020.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Interactive Chart Croatia Natural Gas Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on the LNG trade, you can request a sample of our EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

Coal Consumption

Coal consumption decreased from 2010 to 2018 and then recovered in 2019 (+17% to 0.7 Mt) in a context of low hydropower availability. It more than tripled between 1999 and 2004 following the commissioning of the 210 MW Plomin-2 power plant and remained broadly stable at around 1.1 Mt/year until 2016; it fell by 39% in 2017 after a fire at Plomin-1, where operations have been suspended since May 2017. According to preliminary estimates, coal consumption fell by 17% to 0.6 Mt in 2020.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Interactive Chart Croatia Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed consumption trends at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Croatia energy report

Power Consumption

Electricity consumption increased between 2014 and 2018 (+1.8%/year) and remained stable in 2019 (16.6 TWh). It soared between 2000 and 2008 (+3.9%/year) and declined until 2014 (-1.4%/year).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

The share of the residential sector in power consumption contracted from 41% in 2010 to 37% in 2019, while the share of services increased from 33% in 2010 to 36% in 2019. Industry only accounts for 22% of this consumption (21% in 2010).

Renewable in % Electricity Production

The target of the National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP, 2013) for a share of 20% of renewables in the final energy consumption in 2020 has already been reached (28.5% in 2019, including 49.8% for power, 36.8% for heating and cooling, and 5.9% for transport).

According to the NECP (December 2020), the share of renewables in the final energy consumption should be raised to 36.4% in 2030 (63.8% for electricity, 36.6% for heating and cooling, and 14% in transport). It should reach 53-65.6% in 2050 (Energy Development Strategy, 2019).

Interactive Chart Croatia Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Learn more about renewables in the European Renewable Energy Report

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

Total GHG emissions have remained stable since 2014, after falling by 4%/year between 2007 and 2014. In 2018, they were 25% below the 1990 level at 24 Mt.

In its NECP, Croatia aims to cut its GHG emissions by 43% by 2030 (compared with 2005 level) in ETS sectors and by 7% in non-ETS sectors. Croatia's Strategy for Low Emissions Development by 2030 with an outlook by 2050 aims to cut GHG emissions by 64-74% in 2050 compared to 1990.

Shopping cart

Your shopping cart is empty.

Secured payment by Banque Populaire des Alpes CB VISA MASTERCARD