Croatia Energy Information
Croatia Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -8.9 %/year
Energy independence: 45.7%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 3.82 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 9.97%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy Consumption
Energy consumption per capita is 2.1 toe, with electricity accounting for nearly 3 900 kWh (2020). These figures are 27% below the EU averages.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Total energy consumption dipped by 4% in 2020 to 8.3 Mtoe. It remained relatively stable between 2017 and 2019 at around 8.7 Mtoe, after a 2.8%/year increase between 2014 and 2017 with the economic recovery. Previously, it declined by an average of 3.1%/year between 2007 and 2014.
Interactive Chart Croatia Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Crude oil production is low and stable at 0.8 Mt since 2016, with a 10% drop in 2020 to 0.7 Mt (-5% to 0.6 Mt in 2021, according to preliminary estimates).
Interactive Chart Croatia Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
The consumption of oil products has been declining rapidly (-6.5%/year) since 2017, reaching 2.7 Mt in 2020 (-12% in 2020 alone). It had decreased by 5.8%/year between 2007 and 2014 (-34%) before recovering until 2017 (+3.2%/year).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
The share of transport in oil product consumption rose from 53% in 2010 to around 2/3 in 2020. Conversely, the share of households and services in oil product consumption declined from 15% to 12% in 2020.
Interactive Chart Croatia Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas consumption has increased rapidly since 2014 (+3.7%/year), reaching 3 bcm in 2020, spurred by the commissioning of the Sisak-3 CCGT power plant in 2015, but fluctuating in accordance with hydropower availability. In 2020, lower hydropower generation contributed to a 23% surge in gas consumption in the power sector and a 4.6% hike in total gas consumption. According to preliminary estimates, it dipped by 6% in 2021 to 2.9 bcm.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Interactive Chart Croatia Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption halved from 2010 to 2018 and then recovered in 2019 (+17% to 0.7 Mt) in a context of low hydropower availability, before declining again in 2020 (-16% to 0.6 Mt). According to preliminary estimates, coal consumption grew by 27% to 0.7 Mt in 2021. It more than tripled between 1999 and 2004 following the commissioning of the 210 MW Plomin-2 power plant and remained broadly stable at around 1.1 Mt/year until 2016; it fell by 39% in 2017 after a fire at Plomin-1, where operations have been suspended since May 2017.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Interactive Chart Croatia Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption declined by 6% to 15.6 TWh in 2020. It soared between 2000 and 2008 (+3.9%/year) and declined until 2014 (-1.4%/year), before recovering until 2018 (+2.3%/year) and stabilising in 2019 (16.6 TWh).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The target of the National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP, 2013) for a share of 20% of renewables in the final energy consumption in 2020 was largely exceeded (31% in 2020, including 54% for power, 37% for heating and cooling, and 6.6% for transport).
According to the NECP, the share of renewables in the final energy consumption should be raised to 36.4% in 2030 (63.8% for electricity, 36.6% for heating and cooling, and 13.2% in transport). It should reach 53-65% in 2050 (Energy Development Strategy, 2020).
Interactive Chart Croatia Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
Total GHG emissions have ranged between 18 and 20 MtCO2eq since 2014, after falling by 4.8%/year between 2007 and 2014. They dipped by 8% in 2018 (2017 peak) and remained stable at 18.7 MtCO2eq in 2019, i.e., 27% below their 1990 level.
In its NECP, Croatia aims to cut its GHG emissions by 43% in 2030 (compared with 2005 level) in ETS sectors and by 7% in non-ETS sectors. Croatia's Strategy for Low Emissions Development by 2030 with an outlook by 2050 aims to cut GHG emissions by 64-74% in 2050 compared to 1990.
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