Croatia Energy Information
2018 Croatia Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 2.63 %/year
Energy independence: 48.6%
* at purchasing power parity
CO2 Emissions: 4.08 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 9.70%
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Total Energy Consumption
Energy consumption per capita is 2.2 toe, with electricity accounting for nearly 4 100 kWh (2018). These figures are 31% and 27% below the EU averages, respectively.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Total energy consumption increased by 2.8%/year between 2014 and 2017 with the economic recovery and remained stable at 8.8 Mtoe in 2018. Previously, it declined by an average of 3.1%/year between 2007 and 2014.
Interactive Chart Croatia Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
The country produced 0.8 Mt in 2018. Crude oil imports fell by 10%/year between 2010 (3.6 Mt) and 2014 (2.4 Mt), mainly due to the low utilisation rate of the refineries but have recovered since then (3.3 Mt in 2018).
The refining capacity of 134 000 bbl/d is spread over two refineries, 44 000 bbl/d Sisak and 90 000 bbl/d Rijeka. Their production dropped by 39% between 2009 and 2014 (3 Mt), before recovering (4 Mt in 2018).
Interactive Chart Croatia Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
The consumption of oil products has been recovering since 2014 (+3%/year) to 3.4 Mt in 2018, after a rapid decrease (by 5.8%/year) between 2007 and 2014 (-34%).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
The share of transport in oil product consumption rose from 37% in 2000 to 61% in 2018. Conversely, the share of the power sector shrunk from 12% in 2009 to less than 1% in 2018.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)
Interactive Chart Croatia Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas consumption, which rose rapidly between 2014 and 2017 (+7.2%/year, spurred by the commissioning of the Sisak-3 CCGT power plant in 2015), dipped by 8.3% to 2.8 bcm in 2018, due to improved hydropower availability. It dropped by an average of 6.8%/year between 2010 and 2014.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Interactive Chart Croatia Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption more than tripled between 1999 and 2004 following the commissioning of the 210 MW Plomin-2 power plant. Coal consumption remained broadly stable at around 1.1 Mt/year until 2016 but fell by 39% in 2017 after a fire at Plomin-1 suspended operations as of May 2017. Coal consumption declined again in 2018 (-8%) to 0.6 Mt.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Power generation accounted for 81% of the coal consumed in 2018, while industry accounted for 18%.
Interactive Chart Croatia Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption has been recovering since 2014 (+2.4%/year), reaching 16.7 TWh in 2018 (+1.8% in 2018). It soared between 2000 and 2008 (+3.9%/year) and declined until 2014 (-1.4%/year).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
The share of the residential sector in power consumption contracted from 47% in 2000 to 38% in 2018, while the share of services increased from 24% in 2000 to 35% in 2018. Industry only accounts for 22% of electricity consumption (23% in 2000).
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The target of the National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP, 2013) for a share of 20% of renewables in the final energy consumption in 2020 has already been reached (28% in 2018, including 48% for power, 36.5% for heating and cooling, and 3.9% for transport).
According to the NECP (December 2019), the share of renewables in the final energy consumption should be raised to 36.4% in 2030 (64% for electricity, 37% for heating and cooling, and 13% in transport). It should reach 65.6% by 2050 (Energy Development Strategy to 2030 with a view on 2050, 2019).
Interactive Chart Croatia Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
Total GHG emissions in 2017 were 21% below the 1990 level at 25.5 Mt. GHG emissions, which fell by 4%/year between 2007 and 2014, have been growing since then (1.8%/year between 2014 and 2017).
In its NECP, Croatia aims to cut its GHG emissions by 43% by 2030 (compared with 2005 level) in ETS sectors and by 7% in non-ETS sectors. Croatia's draft Strategy for Low Emissions Development by 2030 with an outlook by 2050 aims to cut GHG emissions by 77% in 2050, thanks to solar PV and wind.
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