Croatia Energy Information
Croatia Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 2.94 %/year
Energy independence: 46.0%
Data of the last year available: 2019
CO2 Emissions: 4.12 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 8.78%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy Consumption
Energy consumption per capita is 2.2 toe, with electricity accounting for nearly 4 100 kWh (2019). These figures are 30% and 27% below the EU averages, respectively.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Total energy consumption has remained relatively stable since 2017 (8.7 Mtoe in 2019), after an increase between 2014 and 2017 (+2.8%/year) with the economic recovery. Previously, it declined by an average of 3.1%/year between 2007 and 2014.
Interactive Chart Croatia Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Crude oil production is low and stable at 0.8 Mt since 2016; according to preliminary statistics, it declined by 11% in 2020. Crude oil imports fell by 11%/year between 2009 (4.1 Mt) and 2014 (2.4 Mt) due to the low utilisation rate of the refineries, but recovered between 2014 and 2018 (+9%/year to 3.3 Mt in 2018). In 2019, a long overhaul at the Rijeka refinery contributed to cut crude oil imports by 30% to 2.3 Mt and to raise oil product imports by 33% to 2.6 Mt.
According to preliminary statistics, oil product imports fell by 22% to less than 2 Mt in 2020.
Interactive Chart Croatia Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
The consumption of oil products has been declining since 2017 (-2.8%/year), reaching 3.2 Mt in 2019. It had decreased rapidly - by 5.8%/year - between 2007 and 2014 (-34%) before recovering until 2017 (+3.2%/year). According to preliminary statistics, oil product consumption fell by 13% to 2.7 Mt in 2020.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Interactive Chart Croatia Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas consumption has increased rapidly since 2014 (+3.5%/year), reaching 2.9 bcm in 2019, spurred by the commissioning of the Sisak-3 CCGT power plant in 2015, but fluctuating in accordance with hydropower availability. It dropped by an average of 4.2%/year between 2007 and 2014. According to preliminary statistics, gas consumption rose by 4% in 2020.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Interactive Chart Croatia Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption decreased from 2010 to 2018 and then recovered in 2019 (+17% to 0.7 Mt) in a context of low hydropower availability. It more than tripled between 1999 and 2004 following the commissioning of the 210 MW Plomin-2 power plant and remained broadly stable at around 1.1 Mt/year until 2016; it fell by 39% in 2017 after a fire at Plomin-1, where operations have been suspended since May 2017. According to preliminary estimates, coal consumption fell by 17% to 0.6 Mt in 2020.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Interactive Chart Croatia Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption increased between 2014 and 2018 (+1.8%/year) and remained stable in 2019 (16.6 TWh). It soared between 2000 and 2008 (+3.9%/year) and declined until 2014 (-1.4%/year).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
The share of the residential sector in power consumption contracted from 41% in 2010 to 37% in 2019, while the share of services increased from 33% in 2010 to 36% in 2019. Industry only accounts for 22% of this consumption (21% in 2010).
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The target of the National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP, 2013) for a share of 20% of renewables in the final energy consumption in 2020 has already been reached (28.5% in 2019, including 49.8% for power, 36.8% for heating and cooling, and 5.9% for transport).
According to the NECP (December 2020), the share of renewables in the final energy consumption should be raised to 36.4% in 2030 (63.8% for electricity, 36.6% for heating and cooling, and 14% in transport). It should reach 53-65.6% in 2050 (Energy Development Strategy, 2019).
Interactive Chart Croatia Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
Total GHG emissions have remained stable since 2014, after falling by 4%/year between 2007 and 2014. In 2018, they were 25% below the 1990 level at 24 Mt.
In its NECP, Croatia aims to cut its GHG emissions by 43% by 2030 (compared with 2005 level) in ETS sectors and by 7% in non-ETS sectors. Croatia's Strategy for Low Emissions Development by 2030 with an outlook by 2050 aims to cut GHG emissions by 64-74% in 2050 compared to 1990.
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