Bolivia Energy Information
2018 Bolivia Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 4.22 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
* at purchasing power parity
CO2 Emissions: 2.02 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 12.5%
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Bolivia Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
The country's energy consumption per capita is low but growing, at 0.8 toe in 2018, including 750 kWh of electricity.
Since 2010, total energy consumption increased by an average of 5%/year, reaching 9 Mtoe in 2018.
Oil accounts for 45% of the country's total energy consumption, gas for 41%, biomass for 11% and hydro for 3%. The contribution of biomass is falling slightly, as the country tries to increase national access to electricity and shift away from traditional biomass as a cooking and heating fuel.
Interactive Chart Bolivia Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
The production of liquid hydrocarbons (crude oil and condensate) has been decreasing since 2014 to 2.9 Mt in 2018 (-15%); previously, they increased at the very rapid pace of around 10%/year between 2010 and 2014, when it reached a maximum of 3.4 Mt.. Crude oil exports are marginal.
Bolivia has 3 operating refineries: Gualberto Villarroel (35 000 bbl/d), Guillermo Elder Bell (24 000 bbl/d), and Oro Negro (3 250 bbl/d). The two largest are operated by Empresa Boliviana de Refinacion.
Interactive Chart Bolivia Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
Bolivia has pledged to increase the share of renewables (including hydro) in the power mix to 79% by 2030 in its NDC.
Interactive Chart Bolivia Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
Bolivia's NDC includes the eradication of illegal deforestation by 2020 and a 3% increase of forest cover to 540 000 km2 by 2030 (+3% compared to 2010). Those objectives depend on the level of international cooperation and financial support to Bolivia.
CO2 emissions from energy combustion have increased very rapidly since 2000 (around 7%/year). In 2018, they were over 3 times higher than in 1990 at 23 MtCO2. CO2 emissions per capita reached 2 tCO2/cap in 2018, which is 13% below the average for South America.
Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)
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