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Bahrain Energy Information

Bahrain Key Figures

Population: 1.70 million
GDP growth rate: -5.1 %/year
Energy independence: 100%

Data of the last year available: 2020
Total consumption/GDP:* 87.3 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 20.1 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 1.82%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the Bahrain energy report

Bahrain Related News

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Bahrain Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

Per capita energy consumption reached 9 toe in 2020 (three times higher than the Middle East average and 5 times the global average), while electricity consumption per capita was 18 MWh (5 times the Middle East average and 6 times the global average), due to the aluminium sector.

Total energy consumption increased slightly between 2014 and 2018 (0.8%/year), but surged by 11% in 2019, driven by rising electricity demand in industry and services. It remained stable in 2020 at around 15 Mtoe.

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Interactive Chart Bahrain Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Bahrain energy report

Crude Oil Production

Oil production has remained stable since 2013, with 10 Mt in 2020; around 75% of the production comes from the Abu Sa'fah field.

The country has a refining capacity of 267 kb/d (Sitra refinery). Around 20% of the crude oil used is imported (mainly from Saudi Arabia) and most of the oil products are exported (around 90%).

Interactive Chart Bahrain Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Renewable in % Electricity Production

The National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP, 2017) set a target of 5% of renewables in the public power capacity by 2025 and 10% by 2035. This corresponds to a renewable capacity of 255 MW in 2025 (200 MW of solar, 50 MW of wind, and 5 MW of biogas) and 710 MW in 2035 (400 MW of solar, 300 MW of wind, and 10 MW of biogas). The country is still far from these objectives as only 12 MW of renewables was installed end of 2021.

Interactive Chart Bahrain Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

The updated NDC (October 2021) included numerous sectoral measures without setting an economy-wide target. Achieving the NEEAP's 6% energy savings target should cut GHG emissions by 3.4 MtCO2eq. The country aims to reach net-zero emissions by 2060.

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