Bahrain Energy Information
Bahrain Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -5.1 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 20.1 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 1.82%
* at purchasing power parity
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Bahrain Related News
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Bahrain Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Per capita energy consumption reached 9 toe in 2020 (three times higher than the Middle East average and 5 times the global average), while electricity consumption per capita was 18 MWh (5 times the Middle East average and 6 times the global average), due to the aluminium sector.
Total energy consumption increased slightly between 2014 and 2018 (0.8%/year), but surged by 11% in 2019, driven by rising electricity demand in industry and services. It remained stable in 2020 at around 15 Mtoe.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Bahrain Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production has remained stable since 2013, with 10 Mt in 2020; around 75% of the production comes from the Abu Sa'fah field.
The country has a refining capacity of 267 kb/d (Sitra refinery). Around 20% of the crude oil used is imported (mainly from Saudi Arabia) and most of the oil products are exported (around 90%).
Interactive Chart Bahrain Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP, 2017) set a target of 5% of renewables in the public power capacity by 2025 and 10% by 2035. This corresponds to a renewable capacity of 255 MW in 2025 (200 MW of solar, 50 MW of wind, and 5 MW of biogas) and 710 MW in 2035 (400 MW of solar, 300 MW of wind, and 10 MW of biogas). The country is still far from these objectives as only 12 MW of renewables was installed end of 2021.
Interactive Chart Bahrain Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
The updated NDC (October 2021) included numerous sectoral measures without setting an economy-wide target. Achieving the NEEAP's 6% energy savings target should cut GHG emissions by 3.4 MtCO2eq. The country aims to reach net-zero emissions by 2060.
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