Bahrain Energy Information
Bahrain Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 1.82 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2019
CO2 Emissions: 22.3 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 1.82%
* at purchasing power parity
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Bahrain Related News
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Bahrain Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Per capita energy consumption reached 9.7 toe in 2019 (three times higher than the Middle East average and 5 times the global average), while electricity consumption per capita was 21 MWh (5 times the Middle East average and 7 times the global average), due to the aluminium sector.
Total energy consumption increased slightly between 2014 and 2018 (0.8%/year), but surged by 11% in 2019 to 15.9 Mtoe, driven by rising electricity demand in industry and services.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Bahrain Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production has remained stable since 2013, with 10 Mt in 2019; around 75% of the production comes from the Abu Safah field.
The country has a refining capacity of 267 000 bbl/d (Sitra refinery). Around a quarter of the crude oil used is imported (mainly from Saudi Arabia) and most of the oil products are exported (around 90%).
Interactive Chart Bahrain Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
In 2017, the Electricity and Water Affairs Minister launched the National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP), which sets a renewable target of 5% of the public power capacity (i.e. excluding autoproducers) by 2025 and 10% by 2035. This corresponds to a renewable capacity of 255 MW in 2025 (200 MW of solar, 50 MW of wind, and 5 MW of biogas) and 710 MW in 2035 (400 MW of solar, 300 MW of wind, and 10 MW of biogas).
Interactive Chart Bahrain Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
According to its NDC, the government of Bahrain has not set a GHG emissions reduction target, but it has launched strategies, plans and actions to contribute to lower GHG emissions. Achieving the NEEAP's 6% energy savings target should cut GHG emissions by 3.4 MtCO2eq.
After rapid growth over 2012-2014 (+6.2%/year), the growth of CO2 emissions from energy use slowed down between 2015 and 2018 to 0.3%/year with the slowdown in power generation. In 2019, CO2 emissions surged (+12%) due to an increase in electricity demand, reaching 37 MtCO2, twice the 2000 level (18 MtCO2 in 2000).
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