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Bahrain Energy Information

Bahrain Key Figures

Population: 1.64 million
GDP growth rate: 1.82 %/year
Energy independence: 100%

Data of the last year available: 2019
Total consumption/GDP:* 88.8 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 22.3 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 1.82%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the Bahrain energy report

Bahrain Related News

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Bahrain Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

Per capita energy consumption reached 9.7 toe in 2019 (three times higher than the Middle East average and 5 times the global average), while electricity consumption per capita was 21 MWh (5 times the Middle East average and 7 times the global average), due to the aluminium sector.

Total energy consumption increased slightly between 2014 and 2018 (0.8%/year), but surged by 11% in 2019 to 15.9 Mtoe, driven by rising electricity demand in industry and services.

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Interactive Chart Bahrain Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the Bahrain energy report

Crude Oil Production

Oil production has remained stable since 2013, with 10 Mt in 2019; around 75% of the production comes from the Abu Safah field.

The country has a refining capacity of 267 000 bbl/d (Sitra refinery). Around a quarter of the crude oil used is imported (mainly from Saudi Arabia) and most of the oil products are exported (around 90%).

Interactive Chart Bahrain Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Renewable in % Electricity Production

In 2017, the Electricity and Water Affairs Minister launched the National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP), which sets a renewable target of 5% of the public power capacity (i.e. excluding autoproducers) by 2025 and 10% by 2035. This corresponds to a renewable capacity of 255 MW in 2025 (200 MW of solar, 50 MW of wind, and 5 MW of biogas) and 710 MW in 2035 (400 MW of solar, 300 MW of wind, and 10 MW of biogas).

Interactive Chart Bahrain Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

According to its NDC, the government of Bahrain has not set a GHG emissions reduction target, but it has launched strategies, plans and actions to contribute to lower GHG emissions. Achieving the NEEAP's 6% energy savings target should cut GHG emissions by 3.4 MtCO2eq.

After rapid growth over 2012-2014 (+6.2%/year), the growth of CO2 emissions from energy use slowed down between 2015 and 2018 to 0.3%/year with the slowdown in power generation. In 2019, CO2 emissions surged (+12%) due to an increase in electricity demand, reaching 37 MtCO2, twice the 2000 level (18 MtCO2 in 2000).

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