Austria Energy Information
Austria Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 1.60 %/year
Energy independence: 35.9%
Data of the last year available: 2019
CO2 Emissions: 7.43 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.95%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy Consumption
Austria's energy consumption per capita is 3.7 toe, which is 19% higher than the EU average (2019). The country's electricity consumption stands at 7 400 kWh, i.e., 32% above the EU average.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Total energy consumption has remained relatively stable at normal climate since 2010; most of the variations are explained by fluctuations in weather conditions.
Interactive Chart Austria Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production is low and has been stable since 2017 at around 0.7 Mt. It covers less than 10% of the country's needs. In 2019, Austria imported 8.7 Mt of crude oil, mainly from Kazakhstan (40%%), Libya (21%), and Iraq (15%), mainly by pipeline from Trieste to the Schwechat refinery. Austria also imported 6.3 Mt of oil products in 2019, 53% of which from Germany.
The country's only refinery, located in Schwechat, close to Vienna, has a capacity of 192 kb/d. The refinery meets about half of the nation's refined petroleum product demand.
Interactive Chart Austria Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil consumption has been rising by 1.1%/year since 2014, reaching 11.6 Mt in 2019. It decreased by an average of 2%/year between 2005 and 2014.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Transport absorbs 66% of the oil products, up from 51% in 2000 and 58% in 2010, while the share of buildings (residential and services sector) contracted from 21% in 2000 to 11% in 2019. The share of non-energy uses is stable at around 14%.
Interactive Chart Austria Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
After a 4.5%/year decrease over 2010-2014, gas consumption rebounded by 5.2%/year between 2015 and 2017. It dropped by 3.3% in 2018 and increased by 4.3% to 9.3 bcm in 2019.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Industry consumed 40% of the natural gas in 2018 (36% in 2010), power plants 28% (29% in 2010), and the residential tertiary sector 23% (stable).
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Austria Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption fell by 41% between 2003 and 2019 to 4 Mt.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
In 2019, power plants consumed 29% of the country's coal (42% in 2010), while industry accounted for 54% (39% in 2010).
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Austria Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Since the 2009 recession, electricity consumption has been increasing regularly, by 1.1%/year on average, to reach 66 TWh.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Industry accounts for around 43% of electricity consumption, with paper, machinery, chemical, and steel as main consumers. The shares of the residential and services sectors amount to 27% and 19%, respectively, and have been quite stable since 2000.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The national target to increase the share of renewables in final consumption to 34% by 2020 has almost been achieved as the share was 33.6% in 2019 (according to EU definition), up from 24.4% in 2005.
Interactive Chart Austria Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
Austria's GHG emissions declined by 3.3% in 2018 to 81.5 MtCOeq (around 2.7% above their 1990 level), after an increase of 2.5%/year on average over 2014-2017.
In 2018, the government revised its energy and climate strategy with the aim of achieving the EU CO2 emission goals by 2030, equivalent to a 36% reduction in CO2 emissions from 2005 levels.
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