Austria Energy Information
Austria Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -7.4 %/year
Energy independence: 38.0%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 6.59 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.78%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy Consumption
Austria's energy consumption per capita is 3.5 toe, which is 24% higher than the EU average (2020). The country's electricity consumption stands at 7 100 kWh, i.e., 34% above the EU average.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Total energy consumption declined by 6% in 2020, after a period of stability since 2010 (at normal climate); most of the variations are explained by fluctuations in weather conditions.
Interactive Chart Austria Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production is low and has been stable since 2017 at around 0.6 Mt. It covers less than 10% of the country's needs. In 2020, Austria imported 7.7 Mt of crude oil, mainly from Kazakhstan (37%), Iraq (15%), Russia (10%), and Algeria (10%), mainly by pipeline from Trieste to the Schwechat refinery.
The country produced 8.4 Mt of oil products in 2020 (-12% compared to 2020) and imported 5.8 Mt of oil products in 2020, 53% of which from Germany.
Interactive Chart Austria Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil consumption declined by 9.6% in 2020 to 10.6 Mt, after a 1.3%/year increase between 2014 and 2019. It decreased by an average of 2%/year between 2005 and 2014.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Transport absorbed 64% of the oil products, up from 58% in 2010, while the share of buildings (residential and services sector) contracted from 15% in 2010 to 12% in 2020. The share of non-energy uses is stable at around 15%.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Austria Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
After a 4.5%/year decrease over 2010-2014, gas consumption rebounded by 5.2%/year between 2015 and 2017. Since then, it has stabilised at around 9 bcm.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Industry consumed 41% of the natural gas in 2020 (36% in 2010), power plants 26% (29% in 2010), and the residential tertiary sector 25% (stable).
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Austria Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption fell by 48% between 2003 and 2020 to 3.7 Mt.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
In 2020, power plants consumed 21% of the country's coal (42% in 2010), while industry accounted for 63% (39% in 2010).
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Austria Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption decreased by 3.7% in 2020 to 34 TWh, after a 1.1%/year increase between 2009 and 2019.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Industry accounts for around 43% of electricity consumption, with paper, machinery, chemical, and steel as main consumers. The shares of the residential and services sectors amount to 28% and 18%, respectively, and have been quite stable since 2000.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The national target to increase the share of renewables in final consumption to 34% by 2020 has been overreached as the share was 36.55% in 2020, up from 24.4% in 2005.
According to the #mission2030 strategy, the objective is to cover 100% of total national electricity consumption from renewables in 2030 (up from 75% in 2019).
Interactive Chart Austria Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
Austria's GHG emissions (without LULUCF) reached 79.8 MtCO2eq in 2019 according to the latest national inventory (around 1.8% above their 1990 level and 14.4% below their 2005 level).
In 2018, the government revised its energy and climate strategy with the aim of achieving the EU CO2 emission goals by 2030, equivalent to a 36% reduction in CO2 emissions from 2005 levels.
The government announced in 2020 its objective of achieving carbon neutrality by 2040. In order to reach this target, the country has put a price on CO2 emissions.
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