According to the Smart Systems and Flexibility Plan, developed by the UK government and the UK energy regulator Ofgem, the country may need around 30 GW of total low-carbon flexible capacity s (i.e. storage, demand side response and interconnection) in 2030, and 60 GW in 2050 to integrate higher levels of renewables. The 2050 capacity could consist of 15 GW of short-term storage, 15 GW of demand side response (DSR) and 27 GW of interconnection capacity (the remaining 3 GW would come from existing pumped-storage hydropower capacity), leading to the lowest system cost.
The United Kingdom, which aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 78% by 2035 compared to 1990 levels, intends to build 40 GW of offshore wind by 2030, end sales of petrol and diesel cars by 2030, and deploy 600,000 electric heat pumps per year by 2028 to replace fossil fuelled heating systems.
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