Russia is aiming for carbon neutrality by 2060. The country expects the role of oil and coal to decrease and hydrogen, ammonia and natural gas to play a larger role in the energy mix in the coming years. Russia is considering reducing its greenhouse gas (GHG) emission in 2050 by 79% compared to 2019 level, according to a draft plan which has not yet been approved by the government.
Russia already aims to reduce its GHG emissions in 2030 to 70% of their 1990 level (3.1 GtCO2eq), i.e. to less than 2.2 GtCO2eq. Since Russia's GHG emissions (including forests) have nearly halved since 1990, reaching around 1.6 GtCO2eq in 2019, this decree would allow the country to significantly increase GHG emissions by 2030. Russia’s energy-related CO2 emissions increased by 9% between 2016 and 2019 and dropped by 6% in 2020; this follows a decrease between 2011 and 2014. Emissions in 2020 are now 26% below their 1990 level, at around 1,619 MtCO2. Russia was the fourth largest producer of CO2 emissions from fuel combustion in 2020, after China, the United States and India.
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