According to preliminary data released by the Federal Environment Agency, renewable power generation in Germany grew by 9% in 2022 to around 256 TWh, covering 46% of the power consumption (up from 41% in 2021). Favourable weather conditions and a continuous growth in PV installations contributed to a 23% growth in solar PV power generation to 61 TWh, while wind power generation rose by 12% to 128 TWh (of which 103 TWh onshore and 25 TWh offshore), below its 2020 peak due to few new wind installations. Despite this growth, renewable power generation remained below the target of 269 TWh of the electricity volume announced in the Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG 2021). To reach the target of 80% of renewables in gross electricity consumption in 2030, renewable power generation will have to more than double to around 600 TWh.
The share of renewables in the heating sector increased significantly in 2022, due to a sharp drop in consumption (mild weather and saving measures following the war in Ukraine) and a 1% increase in the consumption of renewables for heating (over 200 TWh). Germany posted a 13% increase in the use of geothermal, a 11% increase in heat production from solar thermal systems, and a higher use of wood as a substitute for natural gas.
In the transport sector, biofuel consumption remained stable, with a slight decline in biodiesel sales offset by higher bioethanol sales; renewable electricity in transport grew by 15% in 2022.