The Estonian Authority for Consumer Protection and Technical Regulation (CPTRA) has announced two auctions for the development of offshore wind parks in the Liivi 1 and Liivi 2 sea areas off Estonia. The Liivi 1 and Liivi 2 sea areas are located to the north-west of the island of Ruhnu, in an area suitable for the development of wind energy. Liivi 1 has a surface area of 78 km² and a starting price of €1.165m. The surface area of the Liivi 2 zone is 115 km² and the starting price is €1.723m. The auction for the Liivi 2 sea area will take place from 7 December 2023 to 13 December 2023 and the auction for the Liivi 1 sea area will take place from 11 January 2024 to 17 January 2024. The seven companies that applied for an area licence - Utilitas Wind, Liivi Offshore, Aker Offshore Wind Europe, Viru Keemia Grupp (VKG), Sunly Wind, Edel Offshore Wind and Ignitis Renewables Projektai 6" - have qualified to take part in the auctions.
Estonia has an electricity capacity of 2.8 GW, half of which is based on oil shale. More than half of the country’s capacity is located in Narva, a complex of 3 thermal power plants (mainly oil shale). Estonia can also rely on CHP power plants and on two emergency oil- and gas-fired power plants commissioned by Elering in 2013 and 2014 with a combined capacity of 270 MW. Estonia aims to limit the share of oil shale in its energy consumption and power generation. In 2022, the government approved a bill to accelerate the transition to renewable electricity. The aim is to produce all electricity consumed from renewables by 2030.