ADB approves US$300m loan to reform Pakistan's energy sector

10 Dec 2019

Pakistan has obtained a US$300m policy-based loan from the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to support an energy reform program that intends to improve inadequate tariff and subsidy systems, strengthen energy accounting, and reduce generation costs.

Indeed, the power sector’s long-term incapacity to cover its cost has created a circular debt, which spills over the supply chain. According to the ADB, the cost of energy delivery is almost 30% higher than the revenue recovered, with an outstanding deficit of US$15.4bn as of 30 June 2019. The objective of the program is to address the underlying cause of this deficit.

The energy reform is a key element of the comprehensive multidonor economic reform program led by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) that aims to put Pakistan’s economy "on the path to sustainable and inclusive growth" after a deterioration in its fiscal and financial position in recent years. Inefficiencies in the energy sector are estimated to have cost Pakistan’s economy up to US$18bn, or 6.5% of 2015 GDP.

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