Norway Energy Information
2019 Norway Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 1.15 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
* at purchasing power parity
CO2 Emissions: 7.45 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.19%
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Norway Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Total energy consumption per capita is almost twice the EU average (5.1 toe), driven by an electricity consumption per capita that is four times the EU average and the highest in the world, at 23 250 kWh (2019).
The country's total energy consumption remained stable at normal climate between 2012 and 2017 (around 28-29 Mtoe), but has been decreasing by 3%/year since then; actual consumption has strong fluctuations according to weather conditions, as electricity is the main energy source for space heating.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Norway Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Since 2016, oil and NGL production declined by 4.2%/year on average to 79 Mt in 2019. It dropped by 50% between its peak level of 163 Mt in 2001 and 2013.
Interactive Chart Norway Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Since 2007, oil product consumption declined by 1.1%/year on average to 7.7 Mt in 2019.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Transport represents 48% of the total oil consumption and industry 36% (2019).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Norway Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Natural gas consumption increased by 2.7%/year on average between 1999 and 2018 and decreased by 8% in 2019 to 6.7 bcm.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Around 75% of the gas is used in the hydrocarbon sector.
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Norway Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption is relatively low and has remained roughly stable since 2010, at 1-1.2 Mt/year. Coal is mainly used in the metallurgical industry that represents more than 90% of the demand.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Interactive Chart Norway Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption at normal climate increased by 1.3%/year on average between 2010 and 2018 and decreased by 0.4% in 2019 to 125 TWh.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Industry accounts for 37% of the electricity consumed, while the remainder is divided between the residential sector (32%) and the tertiary sector (21%) (2019).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
Norway and Sweden have a common green certificate market since 2012 with the target of raising electricity generation from renewables by 28.4 TWh (equally divided between the countries) over 2012-2020. This renewable obligation contributes to the combined target of 40 TWh of renewables and energy savings in 2020.
Interactive Chart Norway Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
The country submitted its NDC in February 2020. Norway will seek to achieve a GHC emission reduction of at least 50% and towards 55% compared to 1990 level for 2021-2030. The country's first Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), which was submitted in 2015, intended to reduce GHG emissions by at least 40% by 2030 compared to the 1990 level. In 2019, GHG emissions were 1% below their 1990 level.
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