Norway Energy Information
Norway Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -6.0 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 6.47 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 7.14%
* at purchasing power parity
View all macro and energy indicators in the Norway energy report
Norway Related News
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Norway Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Total energy consumption per capita reached 5 toe in 2020, almost double the EU average. This was driven by an electricity consumption per capita that is over four times the EU average and the highest in the world, at 22 900 kWh.
The country's total energy consumption remained stable at normal climate between 2012 and 2017 (around 28-29 Mtoe). Total consumption has been decreasing by 3.4%/year since 2018 (4% in 2020 alone); actual consumption has strong fluctuations according to weather conditions, as electricity is the main energy source for space heating.
Interactive Chart Norway Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Between 2017 and 2019, oil and NGL production declined by 4%/year. However, with the start of operations at Johan Sverdrup field in October 2019, it increased significantly in 2020 (19%), reaching 95 Mt. Production reached a peak in 2001 at 163 Mt, almost double current levels. Over the last 50 years, about half of the estimated total recoverable resources on the continental shelf have been produced.
Interactive Chart Norway Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Since 2007, oil product consumption declined by 1%/year on average to 7.6 Mt in 2020.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Transport represents 43% of the total oil consumption, non-energy uses 26%, the hydrocarbon sector 13%, and industry 10% (2020).
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Norway Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Natural gas consumption increased by 3%/year between 2014 and 2019 and dropped by 9% in 2020 to 6 bcm.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Around 79% of the gas is used in the hydrocarbon sector.
Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Norway Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Coal consumption is relatively low and has remained roughly stable since 2010, at 1-1.2 Mt/year. Coal is mainly used in the metallurgical industry that represents more than 90% of the demand.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart Norway Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
Electricity consumption has been dropping since 2019 (1%/year) and reached 123 TWh in 2020 (-1% compared to 2019). Previously, it had increased by 2%/year between 2015 and 2018.
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Industry accounts for 38% of the electricity consumed, followed by the residential sector (33%) and services (18%) (2020).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
Norway and Sweden have a common green certificate market since 2012 with the target of raising electricity generation from renewables by 28.4 TWh (equally divided between the countries) over 2012-2020. This renewable obligation contributes to the combined target of 40 TWh of renewables and energy savings in 2020. At end-2020, the countries announced plans to add another 18 TWh of new renewable power by 2022 under their common green subsidy scheme. The program will close to new participants as from 1 January 2022.
Interactive Chart Norway Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
In its last NDC (2020), Norway will seek to achieve a GHG emission reduction between 50 and 55% by 2030 (compared to 1990); in its first NDC, the target was 40%.
Total GHG emissions reached 49.3 MtCO2eq (4% below 1990 levels and a 3.4% reduction compared to 2019) with oil and gas extraction representing 27% of the total, followed by manufacturing industries and mining (23%), road transport (17%), aviation, navigation, motor equipment, etc. (15%), and agriculture (9%).
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