Panama energy report
This analysis includes a comprehensive Panama energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2018 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.
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Institutions & Energy Policy
The National Energy Secretariat ("Secretaría Nacional de Energía") is responsible for the energy sector.
The Ministry of Environment ("Ministerio de Ambiente") manages the country's natural resources. It was created back in March 2015.
ANAM ("Autoridad Nacional del Ambiente") was dissolved in 2015 and its competencies transferred to the Ministry of Environment.
Refpan (Refinería de Panamá) was transformed into an oil product import company in 2003 following the closure of the refinery.
Panama imports all its oil products (8 Mt in 2018). Most of the oil products are imported from Curacao, followed by the United States.
The national production of oil products ceased in 2003 when the refinery was transformed into an import terminal.
The price of electricity has been stable for the past three years after a decrease of around 20% for both households and industry (2016). In 2018, household prices were at US$c15.8/kWh and industry prices at US$c14.8/kWh.
Graph: ELECTRICITY PRICES FOR INDUSTRY AND HOUSEHOLDS (US$c/kWh)
In 2018, per capita energy consumption was 1.2 toe, including around 2 200 kWh of electricity.
Driven by a very dynamic economic growth, total energy consumption has increased very rapidly since 2009 (around 6%/year).
Issues & Prospects
Etesa's power development plan 2018-2032 expects electricity demand to grow by around 6%/year over the period (reference scenario). It foresees 5.75 GW of capacity in 2032 with the share of gas in the power mix increasing to almost 40% in 2032.
- GENERAL OVERVIEW
- INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY
- ENERGY COMPANIES
- ENERGY SUPPLY
- ENERGY PRICES
- ENERGY CONSUMPTION
- ISSUES AND PROSPECTS
- DATA TABLES
Below is a list of the Panama energy market report graphs:
- GRAPH 1: CO2-energy Emissions (MtCO2)
- GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2018, %)
- GRAPH 3: Gross Power Production by Source (TWh)
- GRAPH 4: Power Generation by Source (2018, %)
- GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
- GRAPH 6: Electricity Prices for Industry and Households (US$c/kWh)
- GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by Energy Source (Mtoe)
- GRAPH 8: Total Consumption Market Share by Energy (2018, %)
- GRAPH 9: Final Consumption Market Share by Sector (2018, %)
In the Panama energy market report you will find the following tables:
- Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
- Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source
- Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
- Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
The Panama energy market data since 1990 and up to 2018 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Panama country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.
Key Data included in the excelsheet:
- Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
- Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
- Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
- Energy Balance: total and per energy.
- Panama Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Panama energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).
The Panama country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.
Data included in the excelsheet:
- New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
- Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.
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