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United Arab Emirates Energy Information

United Arab Emirates Key Figures

Population: 10.0 million
GDP growth rate: 2.27 %/year
Energy independence: 100%

Data of the last year available: 2021
Total consumption/GDP:* 100 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 17.8 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.68%

* at purchasing power parity

View all macro and energy indicators in the United Arab Emirates energy report

United Arab Emirates Related News

View all news, archive your new and create your own daily newsletters only on your topics/countries of interest with Key Energy Intelligence

United Arab Emirates Related Research

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

A data overview is available in the global energy statistics app

Total Energy Consumption

Total energy consumption per capita is very high (the 11th highest worldwide in 2021) and represents 6.8 toe in 2021. Per capita electricity consumption is also very high at 13 MWh in 2021 (8th highest in the world), because of air conditioning in buildings and electro-intensive industries (aluminium).

Total energy consumption has decreased sharply in 2017 (-22%) due to data revisions and has remained quite stable since (68.5 Mtoe in 2021). However, it more than doubled between 2000 and 2016.

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Interactive Chart United Arab Emirates Total Energy Consumption

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

View the detailed fondamentals of the market at country level (graphs, tables, analysis) in the United Arab Emirates energy report

Crude Oil Production

Oil production did not recover from its 9% decreased in 2020 and remained stable at 172 Mt in 2021. It had previously remained stable between 2015-2019 at around 180 Mt after a rapid increase of around 6%/year between 2010 and 2015.

The country exports around 85% of its production (2021), almost exclusively to Asia and the Pacific region.

Interactive Chart United Arab Emirates Crude Oil Production

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

Additionally, for more detailed information on refineries, you can request a sample of our EMEA Refineries Dataset

Renewable in % Electricity Production

The UAE targets to reach 20% of the installed capacity with clean resources (including nuclear) by 2024 and 44% of energy consumption with renewables by 2050 (Energy Strategy 2050).

Dubai has also set an objective to provide 25% of its power output from clean energy by 2030 and 75% by 2050.

Interactive Chart United Arab Emirates Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

Benefit from up to 2 000 up-to-date data series for 186 countries in Global Energy & CO2 data

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

The updated NDC (September 2022) raised the GHG reduction target to 31.5% by 2030 compared to a BAU scenario (23.5% previously).

Through its Net Zero 2050 Strategic Initiative launched in 2020, the UAE aims to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050. In 2021, the Ministry of Energy and Infrastructure renewed the national target of 70% CO2 emissions cut by 2050 (initially formulated in the UAE Vision 2050).

CO2 emissions from energy use increased rapidly until 2016 (5.3%/year over 2000-2016) and then dropped in 2018 (-12%); they remained stable in 2020 and 2021 (179 MtCO2).

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