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United Arab Emirates energy report

United Arab Emirates energy report
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
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This analysis includes a comprehensive United Arab Emirates energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • The Government targets a share of 44% of renewables in the energy mix in 2050.
  • The updated NDC rose GHG emissions reduction target to 31.5% by 2030 (compared to 23.5% previously).
  • TAQA holds about 40% of the power capacity; it acquired ADPower's assets in 2020.
  • ADNOC is the main oil producer.
  • UAE ranks in the world's top 10 in terms of oil & gas reserves. Around 95% of these reserves are in Abu Dhabi.
  • Gas represents 90% of the power mix.
  • Motor fuel prices rose by 35% in 2021.
  • Gas covers 90% of total energy consumption.
  • In 2022, Eni announced the discovery of a large gas field.
  • Abu Dhabi is studying the possibility of producing hydrogen from nuclear.

+4 GW

nuclear capacity between 2020 and 2022


reduction of GHG emissions targeted for 2030.


share of gas in the power mix.

  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a federal state made up of seven emirates: Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm Al Quwain, Ras Al Khaimah and Fujairah. The UAE is bordered by Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south; it shares sea borders with Qatar, Iran, and Pakistan. The federal structures draft the outlines of general policies, while the emirates implement those policies.

  • Energy Supply


    Gas production peaked in 2016 (~+11% to 61 bcm) and got back to its previous levels (around 55 bcm) in 2017. Since then, it has remained at a quite similar level (57 bcm in 2021).

  • Energy Prices


    Each emirate decides its prices independently. Electricity prices are dependent on natural gas prices.

  • Energy Consumption

    Total energy consumption per capita is very high (the 11th highest worldwide in 2021) and represented 6.8 toe in 2021. Per capita electricity consumption was also very high in 2021 at 13 MWh (8th highest in the world), because of air conditioning in buildings and electro-intensive industries (aluminium).

  • Issues & Prospects


    The sharp growth in the consumption of electricity has led the UAE to commit to making important investments for the construction and extension of power plants.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy Emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 7: Total consumption market share by energy (2021, %)
  • GRAPH 8: Final consumption market share by sector (2021, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

The United Arab Emirates energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the United Arab Emirates country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • United Arab Emirates Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the United Arab Emirates energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).