United Arab Emirates energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive United Arab Emirates energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2018 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

United Arab Emirates energy report
September 2020
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
29 (Report only)

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  • The Government targets a share of 44% of renewables in the energy mix in 2050.
  • Each emirate has its own government-owned company; foreign actors participate through public-private partnerships.
  • Slowdown in power generation and stable oil and gas production since 2015.
  • Rapid progression in solar capacity in 2019.
  • Energy prices are among the lowest in the world.
  • The country has one of the highest energy consumptions per capita in the world.
  • Diversification of the power mix with the commissioning of nuclear, solar, and coal capacities.

7th & 8th

largest gas and oil reserves respectively

4 mb/d

oil production in 2019


share of non-fossil energy sources in the energy mix in 2021


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a federal state made up of seven emirates: Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm Al Quwain, Ras Al Khaimah and Fujairah. The UAE is bordered by Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south; it shares sea borders with Qatar, Iran, and Pakistan. The federal structures draft the outlines of general policies, while the emirates implement those policies.

  • Energy Supply


    The proven oil reserves are estimated at 13 Gt or 98 Gbl (end of 2019; 8th largest in the world), 94% of which are located in Abu Dhabi. The proven natural gas reserves reach 6 090 bcm (7th largest in the world), 93% of which are in Abu Dhabi.

  • Energy Prices


    Each emirate decides its prices independently. Electricity prices are dependent on natural gas prices.

  • Energy Consumption

    Total energy consumption per capita is very high (the 6th highest worldwide in 2019) and represents 8.2 toe in 2019. Per capita electricity consumption is also very high at 12.7 MWh in 2019 (8th highest in the world).

    Total energy consumption has been quite stable since 2016 (79 Mtoe in 2019). However, it more than doubled between 2000 and 2016.

  • Issues & Prospects


    In 2019, ADNOC launched its second block licensing round on five areas: three offshore and two onshore blocks. The bid deadline was December 2019, but the blocks are still to be awarded.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the United Arab Emirates energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy Emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 7: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 8: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)

List of Tables

In the United Arab Emirates energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The United Arab Emirates energy market data since 1990 and up to 2018 is included in the Excel file accompanying the United Arab Emirates country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • United Arab Emirates Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the United Arab Emirates energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The United Arab Emirates country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


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