United Arab Emirates energy report

This analysis includes a comprehensive United Arab Emirates energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2020 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.

United Arab Emirates energy report
November 2021
3 files (PDF report, 2 Excel files)
31 (Report only)

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  • The Government targets a share of 44% of renewables in the energy mix in 2050.
  • The updated NDC aims for a 23.5% reduction of GHG emissions by 2030.
  • Each emirate has its own government-owned power company. Foreign actors participate through public-private partnerships in IPP.
  • ADNOC is the main oil producer. In 2019 and 2020, 5 offshore blocks were attributed to international companies.
  • Three units of the first nuclear power plant were commissioned in 2020 and 2021.
  • Around 80% of the oil produced is exported, almost exclusively to Asia and the Pacific region.
  • Energy prices are among the lowest in the world.
  • The country has one of the highest electricity consumptions per capita in the world.
  • The country is diversifying its power mix with the commissioning of nuclear, solar, and coal capacities.

7th & 8th

largest gas and oil reserves, respectively, in 2020.


reduction of GHG emissions targeted for 2030.

4 GW

nuclear capacity commissioned in 2020 and 2021.


  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a federal state made up of seven emirates: Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm Al Quwain, Ras Al Khaimah and Fujairah. The UAE is bordered by Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south; it shares sea borders with Qatar, Iran, and Pakistan. The federal structures draft the outlines of general policies, while the emirates implement those policies.

  • Energy Supply


    The proven oil reserves are estimated at 13 Gt or 98 Gbl (end of 2020; 8th largest in the world), 94% of which are located in Abu Dhabi. The proven natural gas reserves reach 6 090 bcm (7th largest in the world), 93% of which are in Abu Dhabi.

  • Energy Prices


    Each emirate decides its prices independently. Electricity prices are dependent on natural gas prices.

  • Energy Consumption

    Total energy consumption per capita is very high (the 11th highest worldwide in 2020) and represents 6.3 toe in 2020. Per capita electricity consumption is also very high at 12.5 MWh in 2020 (9th highest in the world), because of air conditioning in buildings and electro-intensive industries (aluminium).

  • Issues & Prospects


    The sharp growth in the consumption of electricity has led the UAE to commit to making important investments for the construction and extension of power plants. Accordingly, the total capacity should increase by 45% to around 58 GW in 2022.

Table of Contents


Download the Table of Contents

List of Graphs

Below is a list of the United Arab Emirates energy market report graphs:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy Emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 7: Total consumption market share by energy (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 8: Final consumption market share by sector (2020, %)

List of Tables

In the United Arab Emirates energy market report you will find the following tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

Data (Excel Sheet)

The United Arab Emirates energy market data since 1990 and up to 2020 is included in the Excel file accompanying the United Arab Emirates country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • United Arab Emirates Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the United Arab Emirates energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The United Arab Emirates country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.


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