Myanmar Energy Information
Myanmar Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 6.50 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Data of the last year available: 2019
CO2 Emissions: 0.57 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 15.6%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy Consumption
In 2019, consumption per capita was 0.44 toe. Electricity consumption per capita is among the lowest in Asia (around 360 kWh in 2019 vs 1 500 kWh in the ASEAN).
Total energy consumption has been rising rapidly by 7%/year on average between 2010 and 2018 and remained stable in 2019 (23.5 Mtoe in 2019).
Biomass accounts for 47% of the energy consumption, oil for 30%, and natural gas for 16% (2019); the role of hydropower and coal is low: 5% and 2%, respectively.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Myanmar Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Oil production is low and stable (0.4 Mt in 2019). Net crude oil exports amounted to 0.19 Mt and net oil product imports to 6.6 Mt in 2019.
The country's refining capacity amounts to 51 kb/d, distributed in three small refineries: Thanlyin (20 kb/d), Thanbayakan (25 kb/d), and Chauk (6 kb/d). The refineries are old and their utilisation rate is low (around 10%).
A 771 km-long crude oil pipeline between Myanmar and China was completed in 2014 and started operations in 2017.
Interactive Chart Myanmar Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The Department of Research and Innovation under MOEE is preparing the renewable energy policy, with two main goals: developing hydropower by incentivising private sector participation (under BOT or as joint ventures) and increasing the use of alternative fuels by households, including biofuels.
Interactive Chart Myanmar Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
Myanmar submitted its first NDC to the UNFCC in 2017; however without any quantitative commitments for GHG reductions. Instead, it outlines the various mitigation efforts pursued by the Government in the sectors of forestry and energy. The country does, however, note that it is a net GHG emissions sink.
CO2 emissions from energy combustion reached a peak in 2018 at 32 MtCO2, after quadrupling since 2010, due to an increase in thermal power generation. CO2 emissions per capita remain very low, however, at 0.57 tCO2/cap. in 2019.
Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)
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