Lebanon Energy Information
Lebanon Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -6.9 %/year
Energy independence: 3.16%
Data of the last year available: 2019
CO2 Emissions: 3.67 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 10.8%
* at purchasing power parity
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Lebanon Related News
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Lebanon Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Per capita energy consumption was 1.2 toe/cap in 2019, which is 60% lower than the regional average. Per capita electricity consumption was 2 650 kWh in 2019 (-3.9%/year since 2017), which is 35% lower than the regional average.
Total energy consumption increased rapidly between 2010 and 2017 (around 5%/year), but decreased by 5% in 2018, bringing it to 8.6 Mtoe. It remained stable in 2019.
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Lebanon Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Lebanon imports all its oil products (8 Mt in 2019, i.e., a 3.7%/year increase since 2000). In 2019, the country imported oil products from Greece (31%), Russia (28%), and United States (26%).
Lebanon does not have refining capacity. The country's two refineries (Tripoli in the north and Zahrani in the south) were both closed in 2005.
Interactive Chart Lebanon Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
According to its updated NDC (March 2021), Lebanon pledged to unconditionally generate 18% of its power demand and 11% of its heat demand (in the building sector) from renewable energy sources in 2030, compared to 15% of the power and heat demand in 2015 in the First NDC. These renewable targets could conditionally be increased to 30% of its power demand and to 16.5% for heat with international support.
Interactive Chart Lebanon Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
According to its updated NDC (March 2021), the country intends to unconditionally increase its greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction target from 15% to 20% compared to a BAU scenario, and to conditionally increase it from 30% to 31%.
CO2 emissions from energy combustion increased rapidly between 2007 and 2017 (8.5%/year) and then decreased by 5% in 2018 to 26 MtCO2. Emissions remained stable in 2019.
Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)
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