Lebanon energy report
This analysis includes a comprehensive Lebanon energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2018 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.
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Institutions & Energy Policy
The Ministry of Energy and Water (MEW) supervises the electricity sector and, since 2000, also coordinates the oil sector.
Electricity of Lebanon (EDL) is the national electricity company, which operates autonomously.
Lebanon imports all its oil products (8.2 Mt in 2018, i.e. a 3.4%/year increase since 2000). The country's two refineries (Tripoli in the north and Zahrani in the south) were both closed in 2005.
The retail prices of oil products are fixed by the Department of Oil of the Ministry of Energy and Water.
Prices of gasoline and diesel are high compared to the other countries of the region, but decreased between 2014 and 2016, and increased over 2016-2018 in line with global trends. They decreased in 2019, reaching US$0.80l for gasoline and US$0.59l for diesel.
Per capita consumption is 1.4toe/cap, including 2 775 kWh of electricity (2018).
Total energy consumption increased rapidly between 2010 and 2017 (around 5%/year), but decreased by 5% in 2018, bringing it to 8.6 Mtoe. It increased rapidly in 2008 and 2009, because of a significant price increase in Syria rendering illegal imports unattractive.
Issues & Prospects
In the framework of the Lebanon Crisis Response Plan (LCRP) to the Syrian conflict, the MEW has elaborated an Energy Sector Strategy (2017-2020) with priority interventions: generating solar power, encouraging use of energy efficient products for lighting, and reinforcing the transmission and distribution network (upgrade and construction of substations and rehabilitation of transformers).
- GENERAL OVERVIEW
- INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY
- ENERGY COMPANIES
- ENERGY SUPPLY
- ENERGY PRICES
- ENERGY CONSUMPTION
- ISSUES AND PROSPECTS
- DATA TABLES
Below is a list of the Lebanon energy market report graphs:
- GRAPH 1: CO2-Energy emissions (MtCO2)
- GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2018, %)
- GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
- GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2018, %)
- GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
- GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
- GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
- GRAPH 8: Total Consumption market share by energy (2018, %)
- GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2018, %)
In the Lebanon energy market report you will find the following tables:
- Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
- Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source
- Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
- Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
The Lebanon energy market data since 1990 and up to 2018 is included in the Excel file accompanying the Lebanon country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.
Key Data included in the excelsheet:
- Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
- Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
- Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
- Energy Balance: total and per energy.
- Lebanon Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Lebanon energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).
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