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Lebanon energy report

Lebanon energy report
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This analysis includes a comprehensive Lebanon energy market report and updated datasets. It is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil and gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities. Browse the tabs below for a detailed table of contents, the list of graphs and tables, and details on the data files.


  • The World Bank unveiled a US$3.6bn program in June 2020 to reform the energy sector.
  • Renewables are expected to account for 18% of the power mix in 2030.
  • EDL, a state-owned group, controls electricity generation and transmission.
  • The country's electricity mix is almost entirely based on oil. The power deficit is high and increasing (over 40%).
  • Due to the Syrian civil war, Lebanon's access to regional grids for electricity and natural gas has been cut off.
  • The subsidy scheme for oil products imports was cut in 2021, which led to a jump in oil prices.
  • Per capita energy consumption is around 20% higher than in Tunisia. Oil accounts for 94% of the country's energy mix.
  • Most of the power projects are delayed because of the economic and political situation.
  • The second licensing round for oil exploration is open until mid-June 2022.


of oil in the energy mix (2020)


of renewables in electricity consumption in 2030

1.5 GW

unmet peak power demand (2021)

  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Energy and Water (MEW) supervises the electricity and oil sectors.

    The Council of Development and Reconstruction (CDR) is a planning agency that coordinates the development of major projects. It was initially created to coordinate the reconstruction of the country after the civil war (1975-1990).

  • Energy Companies


    Electricity of Lebanon (EDL) is the national electricity company.

  • Energy Supply


    Lebanon imports all its oil products (6.7 Mt in 2020, after a peak at 8.5 Mt in 2017). In 2020, the country imported oil products from Greece (26% in value), Russia (15%), and the United States (13%).

    Lebanon does not have refining capacity. The country's two refineries (Tripoli in the north and Zahrani in the south) were both closed in 2005.

  • Energy Prices


    The price of electricity is approved by the Ministry of Energy and Water, according to EDL's recommendations. End-consumer tariffs have not been revised since 1994 and stand at US$10.9c/kWh for industry and US$5.3c/kWh for households. Intermittent power supply makes price increases sensitive and unlikely.

  • Energy Consumption

    Per capita energy consumption was 1.1 toe/cap in 2020. Per capita electricity consumption was 2 300 kWh in 2020.

    Total energy consumption dropped by 14% in 2020 to 7.4 Mtoe, following a 6% fall in 2018 and stability in 2019. It previously increased rapidly between 2011 and 2017 (around 6%/year).


  • Issues & Prospects


    Lebanon has nearly 6.7 GW of projects under development (including 5 GW of thermal and 1.6 GW of renewables, mainly solar). Given the economic and political situation, their development is quite uncertain.

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-Energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total Consumption market share by energy (2020, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2020, %)
  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GDP growth, imports and exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil and gas reserves, electric and refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All are detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data including consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source and sector, and electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Single table displaying the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator.

The Lebanon energy market data since 1990 and up to is included in the Excel file accompanying the Lebanon country report.
It showcases the historical evolution, allowing users to easily work with the data.

Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Lebanon Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Lebanon energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

The Lebanon country report is complemented with a national power generation dashboard (excel file) from our Power Plant Tracker Service.

Data included in the excelsheet:

  • New capacities: Current power mix, installed capacity at date, capacity under construction and under development.
  • Power Sector Performances: Historical data on installed capacity, power generation, thermal power plants inputs, average thermal power plant efficiency, CO2 emissions of the power sector, carbon factor of the power sector.