France Energy Information
France Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 5.90 %/year
Energy independence: 54.5%
Data of the last year available: 2021
CO2 Emissions: 4.45 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 7.96%
* at purchasing power parity
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France Related News
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France Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Consumption per capita stood at 3.5 toe in 2021 and is around 25% above the EU average. Electricity consumption per capita is 21% higher than the EU average due to the high penetration of electric heating (6 500 kWh in 2021).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart France Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Since 2020, France imports more refined products than crude oil, with 34 Mt of crude oil in 2021 (+2%, after -29% in 2020) compared to 45 Mt of oil products(stable).
France received crude oil from three ports: Donges (near Nantes), Le Havre and Marseille. Six additional import points of refined products are located in Bordeaux, Dunkerque, Frontignan, La Rochelle, Port La Nouvelle, and Strasbourg.
Petroleum products were mostly imported in 2020 from Russia (18%) and Belgium (13%).
Interactive Chart France Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil product consumption increased by 7.6% in 2021 to 64.5 Mt, after an 11% drop in 2020. Previously, it declined by 1.5%/year, on average, between its peak in 2001 (89 Mt) and 2019, reaching 68 Mt.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
The share of oil is focused on captive uses, namely the transport sector, with a 60% share of oil consumption, up from 53% in 2010.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)
Interactive Chart France Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas demand rebounded by 6% in 2021 after a 7% drop in 2020 to around 42 bcm. Previously, it declined slightly from 47 bcm in 2005 to 42 bcm in 2019.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Buildings absorbed half of the gas consumption (50% in 2021), while 30% went to industry and 15% to power plants (2021).
Interactive Chart France Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Consumption rebounded by 27% in 2021 to 10.8 Mt after a 60% drop between 2013 and 2020as a result of the shutdown of several coal-fired power plants (including almost -20% in 2020). Coal consumption in the power sector has fallen by more than 90% since 2000. In 2020, the power sector accounted for 28%, down from 53% in 2013.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2021, %)
Interactive Chart France Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
The country's electricity consumption rebounded by 4.8% in 2021 to 441 TWh after a 4.6% decline in 2020. Previously, it fluctuated around 440-450 TWh depending on weather conditions (because of the high penetration of electric heating systems, i.e. around 1/3 of homes).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The country missed by 4 points the target set in the European Directive on renewables for a 23% share of renewables in final consumption in 2020 (19.1% in 2020), especially for electricity (24.8% in 2020 vs a target of 27%) and heating (23.3% vs 33%). The new target set in the NECP for 2030 is a share of 33% of renewables in the final consumption. According to the PPE (2020), this share should reach 35-38% in 2028 (49-53% of which in 2028 for electricity).
Interactive Chart France Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
According to the CITEPA, GHG emissions dropped by 10% in 2020 to 393 MtCO2eq; this represents a level almost 28% below that of 1990.
The Energy-Climate Act (2019) has set 2050 as a deadline to achieve domestic carbon neutrality. The last coal-fired power plants will be closed by 2022. In addition, the Act targets a 40% reduction in the consumption of fossil-fuels by 2030.
CO2-energy related emissions rebounded by 10% in 2021 after an 11% drop in 2020: emissions are now 15% below their 2010 levels. Previously, they declined by 3.5%/year on average between 2017 and 2019.
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