France Energy Information
France Key Figures
GDP growth rate: -8.2 %/year
Energy independence: 55.5%
Data of the last year available: 2020
CO2 Emissions: 4.05 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 7.88%
* at purchasing power parity
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France Related News
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France Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
Consumption per capita stood at 3.2 toe in 2020 and was 16% above the EU average in 2019. Electricity consumption per capita is 19% higher than the EU average due to the high penetration of electric heating (6 300 kWh in 2020).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart France Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Most of the oil consumed in France is imported, 43% in the form of crude oil (33 Mt in 2020, -33%) and 57% in the form of refined products (44 Mt in 2020, stable).
France received crude oil from three ports: Donges (near Nantes), Le Havre and Marseille. Six additional import points of refined products are located in Bordeaux, Dunkerque, Frontignan, La Rochelle, Port La Nouvelle, and Strasbourg.
The refining capacity is 1.3 mb/d (end-2020), down from 2 mb/d in 2005. In 2020, the production of refined products amounted to 37 Mt (-27% compared to 2019).
Interactive Chart France Crude Oil Production
Oil Products Consumption
Oil product consumption decreased by 14% in 2020 to 58 Mt. Previously, it declined by 1.5%/year, on average, between its peak in 2001 (89 Mt) and 2019, reaching 68 Mt.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
The share of oil is focused on captive uses, namely the transport sector, with a 59% share of oil consumption, up from 50% in 2000.
Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart France Refined Oil Products Production
Natural Gas Consumption
Gas demand decreased by 7% in 2020 to 39 bcm. Previously, it declined slightly from 47 bcm in 2005 to 42 bcm in 2019.
Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)
Buildings absorbed half of the gas consumption (48% in 2020), while 29% went to industry and 17% to power plants (2020).
Since 2010 and following the adoption of the new thermal regulation for buildings (RT 2012), natural gas has replaced electricity as the largest energy source for heating in new buildings.
Interactive Chart France Natural Gas Domestic Consumption
Consumption has fallen by almost 60% since 2013 as a result of the shutdown of several coal-fired power plants (including almost -20% in 2020). Coal consumption in the power sector has fallen by more than 90% since 2000. In 2020, the power sector accounted for 24%, down from 53% in 2013.
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)
Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2020, %)
Interactive Chart France Coal and Lignite Domestic Consumption
The country's electricity consumption declined by 4.5% in 2020. Previously, it fluctuated around 440-450 TWh depending on weather conditions (because of the high penetration of electric heating systems, i.e. around 1/3 of homes).
Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)
Renewable in % Electricity Production
The country missed the target set in the European Directive on renewables for a 23% share of renewables in final consumption in 2020 (19.1% in 2020), especially for electricity (24.8% in 2020 vs a target of 27%) and heating (23.3% vs 33%).
As part of its NECP, France set its 2030 target for renewables at 33% of the final energy consumption (up from 32% under the Energy Transition, 2015). According to the PPE (2020), this share should reach 35-38% in 2028 (of which 49-53% in 2028 for electricity).
Interactive Chart France Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
According to the CITEPA, France's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reached 437 MtCO2 in 2019, a decrease of 1.7% compared to 2018. This represents almost a 20% decrease compared to 1990, and is still 3.8% points above the 2020 National Low Carbon Strategy target (442 MtCO2eq/year).
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