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Ethiopia Energy Information

2018 Ethiopia Key Figures

Population: 108 million
GDP growth rate: 7.71 %/year
Energy independence: 90.3%

* at purchasing power parity
Total consumption/GDP:* 43.7 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 0.13 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 23.0%

Ethiopia Related News

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Ethiopia Related Research

Total Energy Consumption

In 2018, total energy consumption per capita is around 0.4 toe, including 99 kWh of electricity.

Total energy consumption is increasing steadily, albeit at a rate 3.5 times slower than economic growth (3.4%/year on average since 2010, against around 9.5%/year for the GDP).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Interactive Chart Ethiopia Total Energy Consumption

More research: Ethiopia energy report

Crude Oil Production

Since the closure of the refinery of Assab in 1997, the country has imported all its oil requirements (about 4.5 Mt in 2018).

Interactive Chart Ethiopia Crude Oil Production

More research: EMEA Refineries Dataset

Renewable in % Electricity Production

Ethiopia plans to develop 25 GW of renewables by 2030 under its Climate Resilient Green Economy Initiative (CRGE), which will include 22 GW of hydropower, 1 GW of geothermal and 2 GW of wind capacity.

The MoWIE has been contemplating the possibility of introducing a feed-in tariff system. A draft bill was prepared and submitted to the MoWIE by EEA in 2012, but it has not been passed into law yet due to the lack of private sector participation. The revision process is still in progress.

Interactive Chart Ethiopia Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)

CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions

According to its NDC, Ethiopia plans to limit its net GHG emissions in 2030 to 145 MtCO2eq or lower, which represents a 64% reduction from a BAU scenario. This objective is part of the Climate-Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) initiative launched in 2011. To reach this goal, an estimated investment of US$150bn over 20 years will be required.

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