Ethiopia Energy Information
Ethiopia Key Figures
GDP growth rate: 8.97 %/year
Energy independence: 90.4%
Data of the last year available: 2019
CO2 Emissions: 0.12 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 25.0%
* at purchasing power parity
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Ethiopia Related News
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Ethiopia Related Research
Total Energy Consumption
In 2019, total energy consumption per capita is around 0.4 toe, including 95 kWh of electricity.
Total energy consumption is increasing steadily, albeit at a rate 3.5 times slower than economic growth (3.3%/year on average since 2010, against around 118%/year for the GDP).
Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)
Interactive Chart Ethiopia Total Energy Consumption
Crude Oil Production
Since the closure of the refinery of Assab in 1997, the country has imported all its oil requirements (about 4.7 Mt in 2019).
Interactive Chart Ethiopia Crude Oil Production
Renewable in % Electricity Production
Ethiopia plans to develop 25 GW of renewables by 2030 under its Climate Resilient Green Economy Initiative (CRGE), of which 22 GW are hydropower, 2 GW are wind, and 1 GW is geothermal.
The MoWIE has been contemplating the possibility of introducing a feed-in tariff system. A draft bill was prepared and submitted to the MoWIE by EEA in 2012, but it has not been passed into law yet due to the lack of private sector participation. The revision process is still in progress.
Interactive Chart Ethiopia Share of Renewables in Electricity Production (incl hydro)
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CO2 Fuel Combustion/CO2 Emissions
According to its revised NDC (January 2021), Ethiopia plans to reduce its economy wide GHG emissions by 12.4% in 2030 compared to a BaU scenario. This is equivalent to a reduction of 51 MtCO2eq (BaU level of 412 MtCO2eq in 2030). The reduction could be increased to 53.5% depending on international support.
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